Category: EBOLA



Ebola death toll rises to 7,890: WHO

AFP | Jan 1, 2015, 06.28 AM IST

READ MORE WHO|west Africa|Ebola Outbreak|Ebola|death toll

Ebola death toll rises to 7,890: WHO

Almost all the deaths and cases have been recorded in the three west African countries worst hit by the outbreak: Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea, WHO said yesterday.

GENEVA: The death toll from the Ebola outbreak in west Africa has risen to 7,890 out of 20,171 cases recorded, the WHO has said.
Since the previous toll published on Monday, the first confirmed case of Ebola has been diagnosed in Britain.
Almost all the deaths and cases have been recorded in the three west African countries worst hit by the outbreak: Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea, WHO said yesterday.
Those apart, six have died in Mali, one in the United States and eight in Nigeria, which was declared Ebola-free in October.
Spain and Senegal, which have both been declared free of Ebola, had one case each, but no deaths.
Sierra Leone, which has overtaken Liberia as the country with the most infections, counted 9,446 cases and 2,758 deaths on December 28.
Liberia, long the hardest-hit country, has seen a clear decrease in transmission over the past month.
As of December 28, the country had recorded 8,018 cases and 3,423 deaths.
In Guinea, where the outbreak started a year ago, 2,707 Ebola cases and 1,708 deaths were recorded.
Ebola, one of the deadliest viruses known to man, is spread only through direct contact with the bodily fluids of an infected person showing symptoms such as fever or vomiting.
People caring for the sick or handling the bodies of people infected with Ebola are especially exposed.
As of December 28, a total of 678 healthcare workers were known to have contracted the virus, and 382 of them had died, WHO said yesterday.

It’s all scripted! Ebola outbreak and impossibly rapid vaccine response clearly scripted; U.S. govt. patented Ebola in 2010 and now owns all victims’ blood


It’s all scripted! Ebola outbreak

and impossibly rapid vaccine

response clearly scripted; U.S.

govt. patented Ebola in 2010

and now owns all victims’ blood

September 21, 2014 2:39 pm EST

By Mike Adams | Natural News

On the very same day that vaccine maker GlaxoSmithKline is being fined $490 million by Chinese authorities for running an illegal bribery scheme across China [3], the media is announcing the “astonishing” launch of human trials for an Ebola vaccine.

Care to guess who will be manufacturing this vaccine once it is whitewashed and rubber-stamped as “approved?” GlaxoSmithKline, of course. The same company that also admitted to a massive criminal bribery network in the United States, where felony crimes were routinely committed to funnel money to over 40,000 physicians who pushed dangerous prescription drugs onto patients.

This is the company that is now — today! — injecting 60 “volunteers” with an experimental Ebola vaccine.

Spontaneous vaccine development a scientific impossibility

“Normally it would take years of human trials before a completely new vaccine was approved for use,” reports the BBC. [1] “But such is the urgency of the Ebola outbreak in west Africa that this experimental vaccine is being fast tracked at an astonishing rate.”

Yes, it’s astonishing because it’s impossible.

As any vaccine-related virologist already knows, the process of going from an in-the-wild infection of Ebola to a manufactured vaccine ready for human trials simply cannot be achieved in a matter of a few weeks or months. Apparently, we are all to believe that a spontaneous scientific miracle has now taken place — a literal act of vaccine magic — which has allowed the criminal vaccine industry to skip the tedious R&D phases and create a vaccine ready for human trials merely by waving a magic wand.

“The first of 60 healthy volunteers will be injected with the vaccine,” says the BBC today, and vaccine pushers are of course lining up to proclaim the vaccine miracle which has spontaneously appeared before them like a burning bush:

Professor Adrian Hill, director of the Jenner Institute in Oxford, who is leading the trial, said: “This is a remarkable example of how quickly a new vaccine can be progressed into the clinic, using international co-operation.”

Near-proof that this was all scripted

The far more likely explanation, of course, is that all this was scripted in advance: the outbreak, the international cry for help, the skyrocketing of the stock price for Tekmira (which has received financial investments from Monsanto), the urgent call for a vaccine and now the spontaneous availability of human vaccine trials. It’s all beautifully scripted from start to finish, better than a Shakespearean tragedy played out on the international stage.

The “heroes” of this theater have been pre-ordained to be drug companies and vaccines, and it is already written in the script that vaccines will be heralded as lifesaving miracles of modern science even if they infect people and cause widespread damage as has now happened to young girls in Colombia who are being hospitalized en masse after being injected with HPV vaccines. [2]

Incredibly, the official response from vaccine-pushing health authorities in Colombia is that all these girls who are suffering from paralysis are merely “imagining” their symptoms and suffering from “mass hysteria.” Obviously, if vaccines are created by the gods of modern science — the new cult of our delusional world — then they must be perfect and infallible. Therefore, anyone who suffers side effects of such perfect vaccines must obviously be imagining things. Such is the delusional dogma of modern vaccine pushers.

This will be the exact same explanation leveled against anyone who suffers harmful effects from an Ebola vaccine, too. After all, the discovery of vaccine side effects simply isn’t in the script being played out before us. Therefore, it cannot be allowed, and any person who actually suffers side effects will be immediately deemed to be mentally ill. (Yes, this is how insane and Orwellian the vaccine industry has become. All who do now bow down to the voodoo of dangerous vaccines are labeled mental patients and then treated with psychiatric drugs. The vaccine industry has quite literally become the Heaven’s Gate Cult of modern medicine…)

The United States government now owns the patent on Ebola

This plot gets even more interesting when you realize that a patent on Ebola was awarded to the United States government just four years ago, in 2010.

That patent, number CA2741523A1, is available here.

Astonishingly, the patent claims U.S. government ownership over all variants of Ebola which share 70% or more of the protein sequences described in the patent: “[CLAIMS] …a nucleotide sequence of at least 70%-99% identity to the SEQ ID…”

Furthermore, the patent also claims ownership over any and all Ebola viruses which are “weakened” or “killed,” meaning the United States government is literally claiming ownership over all Ebola vaccines.

What this means, of course, is that the U.S. government can demand royalties on all Ebola vaccines.

Even more Orwellian is the fact that the U.S. government can use this patent to halt all other research for treatments or cures for Ebola.

Patent monopoly gives U.S. government legal right to block all non-vaccine Ebola treatments, cures or research

Do you remember the massive medical controversy over the BRCA1 gene tied to breast cancer in women? One corporation claimed patent ownership over the gene and then they used that patent to shut down all other research, testing or diagnosis of breast cancer related to that gene. To date, nearly 20% of the human genome has been claimed as “owned” by corporations, universities and even the government.

The controversy went all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court which ultimately ruled that human genes cannot be patented. But the Supreme Court decision actually protected patents on gene sequences for viruses and other pathogens.

The truth of the matter is that anyone who owns the Ebola gene patent can legally use that patent to shut down all research on Ebola, including research for non-vaccine medical treatments and cures. This is how medical monopolies are reinforced: by monopolizing all the research and all the “cures.”

Even more frightening, the “ownership” over Ebola extends to Ebola circulating in the bodies of Ebola victims. When Dr. Kent Brantly was relocated from Africa to the CDC’s care in Atlanta, that entire scene was carried out under the quasi-legal justification that the U.S. government “owned” the Ebola circulating in Dr. Brantly’s blood. Thus, one of the very first things that took place was the acquisition of his blood samples for archiving and R&D by the CDC and the U.S. Department of Defense.

(Only the gullible masses think that was about saving the life of a doctor. The real mission was to acquire the Ebola strain circulating in his body and use it for weaponization research, vaccine research and other R&D purposes.)

Anyone infected with Ebola now deemed to be carrying “government property” in the form of a patented virus

This brings us to the quarantine issue. As the whole world knows by now, the entire nation of Sierra Leone is now under a state of medical martial law, where Ebola victims are now being hunted down like fugitives in door-to-door manhunts. [4]

Simultaneously, the United States government is now operating under Obama’s executive order #13674, signed on July 31, 2014, which allows the U.S. federal government to arrest and quarantine any person who shows symptoms of infectious disease. [5]

This executive order allows federal agents to forcibly arrest and quarantine anyone showing symptoms of:

…Severe acute respiratory syndromes, which are diseases that are associated with fever and signs and symptoms of pneumonia or other respiratory illness, are capable of being transmitted from person to person, and that either are causing, or have the potential to cause, a pandemic, or, upon infection, are highly likely to cause mortality or serious morbidity if not properly controlled.

Part of the legal argument for justifying such a quarantine in the case of Ebola goes like this: If you are carrying Ebola in your body, then you are in possession of U.S. government property!

The fact that the virus is replicating in your body is, legally speaking, a violation of patent law. Because you are providing a host environment for the replication of the virus, you technically are breaking federal laws that restrict the copying and distributed of patented properties, which in this case include the Ebola virus.

Thus, the government has every right to “relocate” you and prevent you from violating patent law by replicating, distributing or spreading THEIR intellectual property (i.e. the Ebola virus).

Lest you think this legal argument sounds insane, just remember that the legal system is full of lawyers who make far more insane arguments on a daily basis, including the argument that human genes could be patented in the first place. And medical officials also make insane, irrational arguments almost constantly, including the argument that all those girls in Colombia who are suffering convulsions and paralysis from the HPV vaccine are merely “imagining” their symptoms. Such explanations flatly defy any attachment to sane thinking.

Ultimately, the patent on the Ebola virus provides the legal justification for forced government quarantines — and even medical research — on Ebola victims.

“Ebola is a genetically modified organism”

What I’ve outlined in this story is just a small taste of the crime against humanity which is taking place right before our eyes. I am now convinced that this Ebola outbreak is very likely not an accident, and many scientists in Africa wholeheartedly agree that the outbreak is actually the deployment of a biological weapon.

“Ebola is a genetically modified organism (GMO),” declared Dr. Cyril Broderick, Professor of Plant Pathology, in a front-page story published in the Liberian Observer. [6]

He goes on to explain:

[Horowitz] confirmed the existence of an American Military-Medical-Industry that conducts biological weapons tests under the guise of administering vaccinations to control diseases and improve the health of “black Africans overseas.”

SITES AROUND AFRICA, AND IN WEST AFRICA, HAVE OVER THE YEARS BEEN SET UP FOR TESTING EMERGING DISEASES, ESPECIALLY EBOLA

The World Health Organization (WHO) and several other UN Agencies have been implicated in selecting and enticing African countries to participate in the testing events, promoting vaccinations, but pursuing various testing regiments.

AFRICAN LEADERS AND AFRICAN COUNTRIES NEED TO TAKE THE LEAD IN DEFENDING BABIES, CHILDREN, AFRICAN WOMEN, AFRICAN MEN, AND THE ELDERLY. THESE CITIZENS DO NOT DESERVE TO BE USED AS GUINEA PIGS!

Africa must not relegate the Continent to become the locality for disposal and the deposition of hazardous chemicals, dangerous drugs, and chemical or biological agents of emerging diseases. There is urgent need for affirmative action in protecting the less affluent of poorer countries, especially African citizens, whose countries are not as scientifically and industrially endowed as the United States and most Western countries, sources of most viral or bacterial GMOs that are strategically designed as biological weapons. It is most disturbing that the U. S. Government has been operating a viral hemorrhagic fever bioterrorism research laboratory in Sierra Leone.

The world must be alarmed. All Africans, Americans, Europeans, Middle Easterners, Asians, and people from every conclave on Earth should be astonished. African people, notably citizens more particularly of Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone are victimized and are dying every day.

Learn the truth at BioDefense.com

If you really want to learn the truth about all this, listen to the free Pandemic Preparedness audio course available right now at www.BioDefense.com

All MP3 files are freely downloadable, and new episodes are being posted every few days.

Also check out these 11 horrifying truths about Ebola that you’re not supposed to know.

Nearly one million people have now visited www.BioDefense.com since its launch last week. Find out there what the mainstream media won’t dare tell you. Your life may quite literally depend on it.

Sources for this article include:
[1] http://www.bbc.com/news/health-29230157

[2] http://news.yahoo.com/mystery-illness-plague…

[3] http://www.bbc.com/news/business-29274822

[4] http://www.naturalnews.com/046945_medical_ma…

[5] http://www.federalregister.gov/articles/2014…

[6] http://www.liberianobserver.com/security/ebo…

[7] http://www.google.com/patents/CA2741523A1

[8] http://www.naturalnews.com/036417_Glaxo_Merc…

[9] http://www.naturalnews.com/046259_ebola_outb…

[10] http://www.naturalnews.com/040400_gene_paten…

[11] http://www.naturalnews.com/028492_BRCA1_huma…

[12] http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/09/17…

This article originally appeared on Natural News.


CSS Offical-New-Logo2

ebola burying dead bodies

The national polls are showing that Ebola, once dominating the national attention, have given way to interest in the Breeder’s Cup, the NFL and the coming Christmas shopping season. Let me remind everyone that our airports are still not closed to West African travelers as they are in 30 other countries. Our southern “border” is non-existent which makes us vulnerable to a bio-terror attack. It is a mistake to let our guard down in the face of what is coming. Yet, this is precisely what we are doing as a nation.

As I listen to “experts” and examine the data in a holistic fashion, I have concluded that we are in the period that is commonly known as the calm before the storm.

The Reproduction Rate of Ebola Defies Logic

Many Americans are stumped by the fact that the Ebola virus is not progressing at the expected rate according to the very conservative Reproduction Rate (R0) projections made by the CDC. The reason for this is simple, we obviously are not dealing with Ebola Restin or Ebola Zaire as we have been told. Further, the majority of Americans who have been suspected of having contracted Ebola are overwhelmingly medical personnel. This makes no sense. Once the virus is inside of the United States, it would spread far more quickly among general population than it would among the far less numerous medical personnel. Our country is doing NOTHING to present the spread of the virus, yet it is not spreading. Statistically, speaking we should have to go no further than this to realize that something is terribly wrong and the public is being lied to.

Based upon the actuaries that can be run in any SPSS statistical data base will tell you that the number of Ebola cases in the United States should approaching a thousand cases in advance of the exponential explosion which should be coming in about a month to six weeks. Yet, the infamous Dr. Spencer is the only known active case in America. This defies logic until one considers the fact that what is loose inside of the United States is not the much feared Ebola. Isn’t it interesting that we never hear or read about lab reports of the make up of the virus in the aftermath of the death of Thomas Duncan? This is more proof that MSM investigative journalism is dead and buried.

Despite the Lack of Ebola Cases, the Administration Continues to Prepare

In the past six weeks, I have reported on the following:

1. The State Department ordered 165,000 Hazmat suits.

2. A total of 250,000 Hazmat suits are headed to Dallas.

3. The administration has ordered over a million Hazmat suits.

4. Bio-warfare labs are being relocated to African countries which do not have a treaty with the United Nations which would prevent such a move.

5. The development of Ebola vaccines continues at a dangerous and hasty speed and will be ready in January of 2015.

6. FEMA is conducting multiple “pandemic” drills this month.

7. Transport services designed to transport and then confine “Ebola” exposed individuals and patients have been set up by Human Health Services. Yet, these quarantine camps do not contain provisions for medical personnel.

8. Obama has expanded Executive Order 13295 in which a person can be forcibly quarantined for asthma, or a chest cold or anything else. This is a mass detention order.

Does anyone else think that these preparations are bit much for the one case of so-called Ebola that we presently have inside of the United States?

The Money Motive

These aforementioned contradictions are especially notable when we consider the fact that the CDC owns the patent on Ebola and everything up to 70% of the variance. The NIH owns the patent on the 2006 Crucell tested Ebola vaccine. Bill Gates has invested $560 million dollars in the Global Fund to dispense three vaccines which include TB, HIV and of course, Ebola. Do we really think that Bill Gates is not going to demand a return on investment?

These are the facts that have been documented on The Common Sense Show in the past six weeks beyond a shadow of a doubt.

Ray Charles could see the profit motive at work here. Yet, we have one active case inside of the United States. This defies any kind of logic.

If you cannot smell a set up, then you must surely be suffering from a cold.

The main goal is the implementation of mandatory vaccines for profit. Forget the fact that I have been told by many of my best sources that bio-terror false flag attacks are coming after the mid-term elections and the upcoming Christmas shopping season. Coincidentally, that is the time frame that the American people have been told that we will see the roll out of Ebola vaccines. Oh, the coincidences never seem to stop!

When Will The Pandemic Begin?

It is a fool’s errand to predict dates. However, in this case it is reasonably safe to say that nothing will happen until 2015. The globalists would not likely want to cut into their profits created by the Christmas shopping season. The so-called vaccines will not be ready for distribution until after the first of the year. Therefore, the most definitive that I can be is to say sometime after the first of the year is when we will see something rage across the country. It may not be Ebola, but we can bet it will be deadly.

Conclusion

Most of our people fail to appreciate where America is heading. Clearly, our national tyranny meters are turned off. I have reached my tipping point for tyranny. When will you reach yours?

Normally, I present my documentation as hypertext links embedded in key places in each article that I author. However, in this one case, I am putting my documentation at the end of the article because we are dealing with a systemic invasion of every aspect of our health care and soon to be our personal liberties. This requires the presentation of the facts in their totality. In other words, if you are new to this topic and truly want to understand what we are dealing with, a few hypertext links will not explain it. You need to spend an evening exploring the totality of what we are facing.

Sources

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/11/02/isis-eyes-using-ebola-as-bio-weapon-spain/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/10/31/government-agencies-scramble-to-purchase-hazmat-suits/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/10/31/nobel-prize-winner-ebola-can-be-spread-by-people-who-show-no-symptoms/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/10/30/exclusive-u-s-government-orders-250000-hazmat-suits-to-be-sent-to-dallas/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/10/28/cdc-now-admits-ebola-can-spread-through-the-air-up-to-3-feet-away/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/10/28/ebola-can-survive-for-months-on-surfaces/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/10/26/ebola-data-suggests-that-you-have-a-44-chance-of-contracting-the-virus/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/10/25/fda-actively-blocking-fast-ebola-detection-technology-in-america-2/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/10/22/new-ebola-study-supports-who-findings-a-21-day-quarantine-is-not-long-enough/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/10/21/ebola-rockefeller-foundation-document-predicted-world-pandemic-2010/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/10/21/alert-u-s-army-researchers-at-usamriid-confirm-ebola-variant-was-airborne-in-1990/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/10/20/medical-martial-law-has-begun/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/10/19/obama-plans-to-bring-african-ebola-patients-to-the-united-states/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/10/17/looks-like-obama-frieden-dont-know-ebola-from-shinola-until-one-follows-the-money/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/10/11/ebola-patients-exposed-persons-to-be-sent-to-death-camps-according-hhs-documents/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/10/10/details-of-how-mandatory-ebola-vaccines-will-soon-be-a-reality/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/10/09/nih-we-may-have-to-vaccinate-whole-countries-to-stop-ebola-outbreak/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/10/09/indict-president-obola-john-kerry-for-treason-for-allowing-ebola-into-the-u-s/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/10/08/shopping-malls-and-sports-stadiums-will-serve-as-impromptu-ebola-quarantine-zones/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/10/05/the-cdcs-profit-motive-connected-to-the-spread-of-ebola/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/09/20/scientific-proof-proves-ebola-is-airborne-and-our-liberian-bound-troops-are-walking-into-a-death-trap/

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/09/17/the-cdc-nih-bill-gates-own-the-patents-on-existing-ebola-related-vaccines-mandatory-vaccinations-are-near/

 

Strange Ebola Storm to Hit After November

Elections and Its Eerie Link to the

Illuminati/ Freemasons?!

(Must See Video)

Monday, November 3, 2014 12:16

www.VineOfLifeNews.com

With the elections happening  Tuesday I can’t help but ask the question why the Ebola news coverage has been few and far between? Could it be that we are looking at a “Calm Before the Ebola Storm?” Could it be that the globalists are covering up Ebola while elections are taking place? After all they have been known to do this in the past and I believe will continue to do it in our future.

In the video below I address the questions above as well as the mysterious link between the Illuminati’s puzzling number 33 and its link to Ebola…. 

B4INREMOTE-aHR0cDovLzMuYnAuYmxvZ3Nwb3QuY29tLy0wcFRDSWhNa3pxay9WRmVPY1ZhN0tNSS9BQUFBQUFBQUNuMC9rNmpZYVQ1Y3NWWS9zMTYwMC80JTJCZmFjZXMlMkJlYm9sYS5wbmc=

Want more News Like This? Then Subscribe to our Website:

www.VineOfLifeNews.com

For More Information See:

http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com/2014/11/03/the-calm-before-the-ebola-storm/

http://www.marketwatch.com/story/lakeland-industries-announces-global-availability-of-hazmat-suits-for-ebola-2014-09-12/print

http://www.intellihub.com/false-flag-warning-nyc-full-scale-ebola-pandemic-drill-activate-nov-13-14/

/alternative/2014/10/is-this-the-calm-before-the-ebola-storm-3048636.html

http://www.sifma.org/services/bcp/fema-pandemic-exercise-series/

Executive Order: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/07/31/executive-order-revised-list-quarantinable-communicable-diseases

Steve Fletcher Number 33: http://2fletchdr222.blogspot.mx/2014/11/what-are-odds-of-this-ebola-end-game.html

Steve Quayle Alert: http://www.stevequayle.com/index.php?s=33&d=1174


Bio Weapons Expert: Ebola
Outbreak Is A Bio Weapon
Release
Alex Jones talks with bio-weapons experts Professor Francis A. Boyle about the current Ebola outbreak and what he thinks is actually going on

by Infowars.com | October 25, 2014

Alex Jones talks with bio-weapons experts Professor Francis A. Boyle about the current Ebola outbreak and what he thinks is actually going on.


U.S. Army: Ebola Goes Airborne Once Temperature Drops
Ebola can go airborne but hasn’t in West Africa because it’s too warm, researchers conclude

U.S. Army: Ebola Goes Airborne Once Temperature Drops

Image Credits: Adam Isserlis / Flickr (City background)

by Kit Daniels | Infowars.com | October 24, 2014

Ebola can spread by air in cold, dry weather common to the U.S. but not West Africa, presenting a “possible, serious threat” to the public, according to two studies by U.S. Army scientists.

After successfully exposing monkeys to airborne Ebola, which “caused a rapidly fatal disease in 4-5 days,” scientists with the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) concluded Ebola can spread through air but likely hasn’t in Equatorial Africa because the region is too warm, with temperatures rarely dropping below 65°F.

“We… demonstrated aerosol transmission of Ebola virus at lower temperature and humidity than that normally present in sub-Saharan Africa,” the 1995 study entitled Lethal Experimental Infections of Rhesus Monkeys by Aerosolized Ebola Virus reported. “Ebola virus sensitivity to the high temperatures and humidity in the thatched, mud, and wattle huts shared by infected family members in southern Sudan and northern Zaire may have been a factor limiting aerosol transmission of Ebola virus in the African epidemics.”

“Both elevated temperature and relative humidity have been shown to reduce the aerosol stability of viruses.”

1995study1

1995page2

The study also referred to the 1989 Ebola outbreak at a primate quarantine facility in Reston, Va., in which the virus rapidly spread between unconnected rooms.

“While infections in adjacent cages may have occurred by droplet contact, infections in distant cages suggests aerosol transmission, as evidence of direct physical contact with an infected source could not be established,” the study added.

It is interesting to note this outbreak occurred in December 1989, when temperatures in Reston were usually below freezing, and it’s unlikely the indoor temperature in the vast quarantine facility was much higher.

The tropical climates of the world, including the Ebola hot zone of West Africa but obviously excluding the U.S. and Europe, which have also had cases of Ebola.

The tropical climates of the world, including the Ebola hot zone of West Africa but obviously excluding the U.S. and Europe, which have also had cases of Ebola. Credit: Me ne frego / Wiki

A 2012 study also by the USAMRIID, which exposed monkeys to an airborne filovirus similar to Ebola, reached a similar conclusion to the 1995 study.

“There is no strong evidence of secondary transmission by the aerosol route in African filovirus outbreaks; however, aerosol transmission is thought to be possible and may occur in conditions of lower temperature and humidity which may not have been factors in outbreaks in warmer climates,” the study entitled A Characterization of Aerosolized Sudan Virus Infection in African Green Monkeys, Cynomologus Macaques and Rhesus Macaques stated.

The study pointed out that filoviruses, which include Ebola and the Sudan virus used in this particular study, have stability in aerosol form comparable to influenza.

“Filoviruses in aerosol form are therefore considered a possible, serious threat to the health and safety of the public,” it added.

1021142012page1

And the Pentagon took this threat of airborne filoviruses so seriously that it organized a Filovirus Medical Countermeasures Workshop with the Department of Health and Human Services in 2013.

“The DoD seeks a trivalent filovirus vaccine that is effective against aerosol exposure and protective against filovirus disease for at least one year,” the executive summary of the workshop stated.

The Pentagon’s concern with airborne Ebola runs contrary to health officials who claim the disease can’t spread through coughing and sneezing, but according to the Army studies, that may only be true in tropical climates.

“How much airborne transmission will occur will be a function of how well Ebola induces coughing and sneezing in its victims in cold weather climates,” the web site potrblog.com suggested. “Coughing and nasal bleeding are both reported symptoms in Africa, so the worst should be expected.”


Here’s The Viruses We Should

Really Be Worried About!

Saturday, October 18, 2014 14:13

(Before It’s News)

And friends…

http://www.commieblaster.com/progressives/index.html

Obama's Scummy friends

On Nov.4th 2014 …Let’s see that the>>>


Enoch and Elijah – Witnesses to

POLE SHIFTS

Thursday, October 16, 2014 6:56

(Before It’s News)

Enoch and Elijah – Witnesses to Pole Shifts?

The early theologians Irenaeus and Hippolytus may have been the last heirs to the uncorrupted oral tradition of the Apostles, and both of them said that Enoch and Elijah were the two witnesses we will see in the future preaching and dying on the streets of Jerusalem in the end times.  The Bible tells us that their presence will be a sign that the Second Coming is imminent.  I believe their stories also tell of pole shifts in our past, and lend additional support to the idea that they will be a witness to an upcoming pole shift, when we receive “a new heaven and a new earth.”

The Bible tells us that Enoch lived a total of 365 years.  This lifespan brings two obvious ideas to mind: first, that no one normally lives that long – and second, that the years of Enoch’s life match the number of days in a year.  If this is meant to draw our attention to the sun and the number of days it takes for the earth to orbit the sun, what else might we take from the story of Enoch to apply to the sun?

Enoch’s life is broken down into two portions: at the age of 65 he fathered Methuselah, then continued to live another 300 years before he “walked with God” and was “translated away so that he did not see death.” (Hebrews 11:5)  The word “translated” comes from the Greek “metatithemi” which means “taken to another place.”  Because I have spent many years researching topics like pole shifts, this makes me think the story of Enoch may incorporate a coded message about a pole shift event in the distant past when the sun (symbolized by Enoch in this story) would have been positioned in the sky next to the galactic center (God) when it suddenly shifted its apparent position in the sky and was “taken to another place.”

Chichen_Itza-Wiki

I also suspect that the way the Bible breaks down Enoch’s life into two unequal portions might be similar to the way the Maya broke their year down based on the dates on which the sun passes directly overhead in the zenith.  Every spring equinox in March, the sun is directly above the equator at noon.  Lands north of the equator and south of the Tropic of Cancer witness the sun directly overhead at noon at some point prior to the first day of summer.  For example, at Chichen Itza, where the Maya built the great Pyramid of Kukulkan, the sun is directly overhead on May 22.  The sun appears to keep moving north until summer, then starts to fall southwards again.  Chichen Itza experiences a second solar zenith on July 19.  At another Mayan city (Izapa – which is farther south, at a different latitude) where this pattern was first recognized, the two zenith dates are 105 days apart, and the Maya there broke the year into 105 and 260 portions based on the spread of the zenith passage dates at Izapa’s latitude.  What latitude, I wondered, would experience zenith passage dates 65 days apart – and could such zenith dates possibly point us to the previous position of Jerusalem, before the last pole shift?

A little research led me to a chart labelled “Zenith passage dates of the Sun for Observers in Different Latitudes” in Anthony Aveni’s Skywatchers of Ancient Mexico.  Just below 20 degrees north there are 65 days between zenith dates.  Could this be the latitude the holy site we now know as Jerusalem used to be located at prior to the last major shift of the earth’s crust relative to its axis of rotation?  Could the location of this ancient holy site possibly even explain why the Maya had a special term for the 65 day period (Aveni calls it the Cociyo) when neither Izapa nor Chichen Itza experience zeniths 65 days apart?

At first glance, this seems to be a dead end and a bad theory, because we know from other data that the previous North Pole was located on the west side of Hudson Bay.  When the North Pole was there, the land that is now called Jerusalem was approximately eleven and a half degrees north latitude, not just under twenty degrees north latitude.   Jerusalem, at its former latitude, had zenith passage dates well over 100 days apart.  However, I soon noticed that the change in latitude – the northward movement Jerusalem experienced as a result of the last pole shift – is approximately 19.8 degrees.  Which means that Enoch’s being taken away in a “translation” and the years of his life may be astronomical references to a pole shift after all.

the image above may approximate the next position of the “new earth” if the North Pole is near Lake Baikal, as Professor Charles Hapgood suggests it might be in his books.

I believe that cosmic events emanating from the galactic center cause recurring, periodic, and predictable pole shifts on earth.  At the same time I believe the sun will appear to be dark (Revelation 6:12 “the sun became black as sackcloth”) for three days, at the point in the year when it appears at the crossing point of the galactic axis and the ecliptic – the apparent path of the sun and planets.  I suspect it is no coincidence that Jesus died on a cross and was dead for three days and that we are told the sun went dark when he died.  Jonah was in darkness in the belly of the whale for three days, and I believe this is a reference to the sun going dark as it passes through the cosmic leviathan of the Milky Way’s central bulge along the galactic axis.

Elijah encountered “a chariot of fire.”   The Book of Enoch mentions “the sun… and the chariot in which it rises.” (Enoch 72:5)  We can safely assume Elijah represents another heavenly body which encountered the sun. “And Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven” just after he walked past Bethel (Beth-El = the house of God = the galactic center) and crossed the Jordan River (the Milky Way) and encountered the chariot of fire (the sun.)  So this occurred when the sun (and some other heavenly body – I suggest Jupiter) had just passed the galactic center and the axis of the Milky Way.  2 Kings 2:17 describes the men sent out to look for Elijah after he disappeared – “They searched three days but could not find him.”  Another symbolic reference to the three days of darkness and confusion.

BOWL-4-SUN-ANGEL

And then one of the even stranger comments in the Bible appears in 2 Kings 2:24 “Two female bears came out of the woods and tore up forty-two lads” from Bethel who had previously mocked Elijah’s son.  Now I have been to that part of Israel.  I have stood in the Jordan River.  Trees are scarce, and I never saw “woods” or a forest dense enough that bears could emerge and suddenly surprise anyone.  And even if we grant that there had been thick woods and a pair of real bears, can you imagine 42 young men not scattering and running off in different directions?  Surely a bear could kill a lad or two, but forty-two of them?  As C.M. Houck commented in The Celestial Spheres: Keys to the Suppressed wisdom of the Ancients: “How could two bears possibly manage to outrun, catch, and destroy forty-two terrified, hyperactive juvenile delinquents?  They couldn’t.  This is sacred language.”  And what I think he means is that this is another astronomical reference, this time to the two “polar bears” – the constellations Ursa Major and Ursa Minor – the Big Bear and Little Bear near the celestial North Pole.  I suggest that during the last pole shift, it was noticed that these “bears” seemed to suddenly move far faster than usual into the sky, corresponding with the sudden disappearance of 42 visible stars which unexpectedly fell below the opposite horizon.

In my last book, End Times and 2019, I conclude that the Bible, the Maya, and the Egyptians all left clues pointing to the next pole shift coinciding with the end of the Tribulation and Judgment Day in late December, 2019.  I suggest that Jupiter is the astronomical representation of the prophet Elijah, that the Sun represents Jesus, and that the conjunction of Jupiter and the Sun on Judgment Day represents Elijah anointing Jesus Christ as King.  I believe that Enoch and Elijah have been portrayed as witnesses to a previous pole shift, and that their stories give us clues about that last pole shift.  I believe they will be the two end times witnesses of the tribulation, and that they will witness during the reign of the Antichrist, just before the next catastrophic pole shift in 2019.  If you appreciate my application of “forensic astronomy” to Bible prophecy as detailed above, you will probably appreciate both my previous book – End Times and 2019 – and my new book focusing on events in the middle of the final seven years in June 2016 – Antichrist 2016-2019.

— contributed by David Montaigne, October 2014

author of  End Times and 2019   and   Antichrist 2016-2019


 

Ebola

University scientist openly advocated

Ebola release to kill off 90 percent of

world population

Monday, October 06, 2014 by: J. D. Heyes
Tags: Ebola, population control, university scientist

Learn more: http://www.naturalnews.com/047143_Ebola_population_control_university_scientist.html#ixzz3FOuKt8gE

(NaturalNews) Why anyone, even an uber-liberal academic, would ever want to see most of the world’s people killed, is a mystery, but sure enough, the FBI has developed an interest in just such an academic, especially now that the Ebola virus has landed in the United States.
As reported by LifeSiteNews, the virus causes a form of hemorrhagic fever in which internal organs eventually deteriorate and liquefy. There is no known cure or vaccine for the disease, and it has an extremely high mortality rate of between 80 and 90 percent in most parts of the world where it strikes.
In addition, as LifeSiteNews further reports:
It is also high on the list of possible bio-terror weapons of concern to international law enforcement and military security agencies. Tom Clancy’s thriller novel, Rainbow Six describes a group of radical environmentalists that wants to rid the world of people using a modified version of Ebola.
Every one will have to bury nine
And that’s why the FBI is interested in speaking with Dr. Eric R. Pianka, a Texas ecologist and herpetologist who suggested during a meeting at the Texas Academy of Sciences that, were Ebola to become airborne, it would likely kill 90 percent of the human population and instantly solve what he called the "overpopulation problem."
Now that Ebola has come to the U.S. in, of all places, Texas, Dr. Pianka has been walking back his comments, telling the Austin American-Statesman that he has never advocated bio-terrorism and that he met with local FBI officials in response to suggestions that bio-terrorism was precisely what he had in mind.
"Someone has reported me as a terrorist," Dr. Pianka told the paper, according to LifeSiteNews. "They think I’m forming a cadre of people to release the airborne Ebola virus into the air. That I’m the leader and my students are the followers."
When Dr. Pianka was named by the academy as a Distinguished Texas Scientist in 2006, he stated that the AIDS virus was not killing off the surplus human population quickly enough. What he said was needed was to have Ebola eliminate 5.8 billion of the world’s then-6 billion people. Even more bizarre — and scary — is that his speech received a standing ovation at the academy’s annual meeting, at Lamar University in Beaumont, Texas.
Indeed, as LifeSiteNews reported, quoting the Seguin Gazette, Dr. Pianka also stated, "Every one of you who gets to survive has to bury nine." There is more discussion of that quote and Pianka’s statements here and here.
Continuing in his speech, Pianka said, "[Disease] will control the scourge of humanity. We’re looking forward to a huge collapse. We’ve grown fat, apathetic and miserable," he continued, describing the world as a "fat, human biomass."
Ebola manufactured? Curable?
LifeSiteNews continued:
The syllabus for one of Pianka’s courses reads, "Although [Ebola Zaire] Kills 9 out of 10 people, outbreaks have so far been unable to become epidemics because they are currently spread only by direct physical contact with infected blood…Ebola Reston, is airborne, and it is only a matter of time until Ebola Zaire evolves the capacity to be airborne."
As far as Dr. Pianka’s wish that someone might actually go with the idea of using Ebola as a bio-weapon, LifesiteNews quoted him as saying, "Good terrorists would be taking [Ebola Reston and Ebola Zaire] so that they had microbes they could let loose on the Earth that would kill 90 percent of people."
Is it possible to make a bio-weapon out of Ebola? Radio talk show host Dave Hodges thinks so. He says evidence which he has uncovered convinced him that a) Ebola is a 100 percent manufactured virus; and b) the U.S. had had a vaccine cure for it for nearly a decade. Read his report here.
Learn all these details and more at the FREE online Pandemic Preparedness course atwww.BioDefense.com
Sources:
http://www.allnewspipeline.com
http://www.lifesitenews.com
http://www.pearceyreport.com
http://drrichswier.com
http://www.thecommonsenseshow.com
http://seguingazette.com
http://science.naturalnews.com

Learn more: http://www.naturalnews.com/047143_Ebola_population_control_university_scientist.html#ixzz3FOu9vJso


Connecticut Governor Declares State of Emergency Over Ebola as a Precaution

The order gives the state the authority to quarantine and isolate people who may have been exposed to the virus

 

Getty Images

HARTFORD, CT – OCTOBER 5: Stamford Mayor and Democratic nominee Dannel Malloy addresses the press after his debate with former U.S. Ambassador to Ireland, businessman and Republican nominee Tom Foley outside the Belding Theater at the Bushnell Center for Performing Arts October 5, 2010 in Hartford, Connecticut. Malloy and Foley, who are in a close race for Governor, spoke about creating jobs, the death penalty among other issues. (Photo by Bettina Hansen-Pool/Getty Images)

Tuesday, Oct 7, 2014 • Updated at 12:40 PM EDT

Connecticut Gov. Dannel Malloy has declared a public health emergency for the state as a precaution during the Ebola epidemic that is affecting several countries in western Africa.

He signed an order declaring the emergency on Tuesday and it gives the commissioner of the state Department of Public Health the authority to quarantine and isolate people whom the commissioner “reasonably believes has been exposed to the Ebola virus.”

  • Obama Ready to Ramp Up Ebola Airport Screening
    Malloy said this is not in response to any specific case, but is meant to provide state health officials with the authority necessary to “prevent any potential transmission of the Ebola virus within the State of Connecticut,” the letter says.

“We are taking this action today to ensure that we are prepared, in advance, to deal with any identified cases in which someone has been exposed to the virus or, worst case, infected,” Malloy said in a statement. “Our state’s hospitals have been preparing for it, and public health officials from the state are working around the clock to monitor the situation. Right now, we have no reason to think that anyone in the state is infected or at risk of infection. But it is essential to be prepared and we need to have the authorities in place that will allow us to move quickly to protect public health, if and when that becomes necessary. Signing this order will allow us to do that.”

  • Journalist With Ebola Being Treated in U.S.
    Without the declaration of emergency, officials have no statewide ability to isolate or quarantine people who might have been exposed or infected. Instead, each individual local public health director would have the authority, according to the governor’s office.

“While local health officials are certainly on the front lines of this effort, at the ready to address any situation, having this order in place will allow us to have a more coordinated response in the event that someone in Connecticut either tests positive for Ebola or has been identified as someone who is at risk of developing it,” DPH Commissioner Jewel Mullen said in a statement. “We have had numerous conversations with both local public health officials in the state and senior officials at the Center for Disease Control. We have no reason to believe that anyone in Connecticut is infected or at risk of infection, but if it does happen, we want to be ready.”

  • Dr. Rick Sacra Released from Hospital
    Massachusetts Gov. Deval Patrick’s office said the laws in the Bay State are different than Connecticut, so a State of Emergency is not needed to give the state health commissioner the authority to quarantine and isolate people believed to have been exposed to the Ebola virus.

There Will Be Pestilences:
Why Are So
Many Deadly Diseases Breaking Out All
Over The Globe Right Now?
So why is this happening?

There Will Be Pestilences: Why Are So Many Deadly Diseases Breaking Out All Over The Globe Right Now?

by Michael Snyder | Economic Collapse | October 7, 2014

 

Ebola, Marburg, Enterovirus and Chikungunya – these diseases were not even on the radar of most people coming into 2014, but now each one of them is making headline news.  So why is this happening?  Why are so many deadly diseases breaking out all over the world right now?  Is there some kind of a connection, or is the fact that so many horrible diseases are arising all at once just a giant coincidence?  And this could be just the beginning.  For example, there are now more than a million cases of Chikungunya in Central and South America, and authorities are projecting that there will be millions more in 2015.  The number of Ebola cases continues to grow at an exponential rate, and now an even deadlier virus (Marburg) has broken out in Uganda.  We have gone decades without experiencing a major worldwide pandemic, and many people believed that it could never happen in our day and time.  But now we could potentially see several absolutely devastating diseases all racing across the planet at the same time.

On Monday, we got news that the first confirmed case of Ebola transmission in Europe has happened.  A nurse in Spain that had treated a couple of returning Ebola patients has contracted the disease herself

A nurse’s assistant in Spain is the first person known to have contracted Ebola outside of Africa in the current outbreak.

Spanish Health Minister Ana Mato announced Monday that a test confirmed the assistant has the virus.

The woman helped treat a Spanish missionary and a Spanish priest, both of whom had contracted Ebola in West Africa. Both died after returning to Spain.

Health officials said she developed symptoms on September 30. She was not hospitalized until this week. Her only symptom was a fever.

How many people did she spread the virus to before it was correctly diagnosed?

Meanwhile, Ebola continues to rage out of control in West Africa.  It is being reported that Sierra Leone just added 121 new Ebola deaths to the overall death toll in a single day.  If Ebola continues to spread at an exponential rate, it is inevitable that more people will leave West Africa with the virus and take it to other parts of the globe.

In fact, it was being reported on Monday that researchers have concluded that there is “a 50 percent chance” that Ebola could reach the UK by October 24th…

Experts have analyzed the pattern of the spread of the disease, along with airline traffic data, to make the startling prediction Ebola could reach Britain by October 24.

They claim there is a 50 percent chance the virus could hit Britain by that date and a 75 percent chance the it could be imported to France, as the deadliest outbreak in history spreads across the world.

Currently, there is no cure for the disease, which has claimed more than 3,400 lives since March and has a 90 percent fatality rate.

I have written extensively about Ebola, but it is certainly not the only virus making headlines right now.

Down in Uganda, a man has just died from a confirmed case of the Marburg Virus…

A man has died in Uganda’s capital after an outbreak of Marburg, a highly infectious hemorrhagic fever similar to Ebola, authorities said on Sunday, adding that a total of 80 people who came into contact with him had been put under quarantine.

Marburg starts with a severe headache followed by haemorrhaging and leads to death in 80% or more of cases in about nine days. It is from the same family of viruses as Ebola, which has killed thousands in West Africa in recent months.

There is no vaccine or specific treatment for the Marburg virus, which is transmitted through bodily fluids such as saliva and blood or by handling infected wild animals such as monkeys.

The Marburg Virus is an absolutely horrible disease, and many consider it to be even more deadly than Ebola.  But the fact that it kills victims so quickly may keep it from spreading as widely as Ebola.

We shall see.

Meanwhile, a disease that sounds very similar to Ebola and Marburg has popped up in Venezuela and doctors down there do not know what it is…

“We do not know what it is,” admitted Duglas León Natera, president of the Venezuelan Medical Federation.

In its initial stages, the disease presents symptoms of fever and spots on the skin, and then produces large blisters and internal and external bleeding, according to data provided week stop by the College of Physicians of the state of Aragua, where the first cases were reported.

Then, very quickly, patients suffer from respiratory failure, liver failure and kidney failure. Venezuelan doctors have not been able to determine what the disease is, much less how to fight it.

Why aren’t we hearing more about this in the mainstream news?

Here in the United States, enterovirus D-68 has sickened hundreds of children all over the country.  So far cases have been confirmed in 43 different states, several children have been paralyzed by it, and one New Jersey boy has died

Parents in New Jersey are concerned after a state medical examiner determined a virus causing severe respiratory illness across the country is responsible for the death of a 4-year-old boy.

Hamilton Township health officer Jeff Plunkett said the Mercer County medical examiner’s office found the death of Eli Waller was the result of enterovirus D-68. Waller, the youngest of a set of triplets, died in his sleep at home on Sept. 25.

The virus has sickened more than 500 people in 43 states and Washington, D.C.— almost all of them children. Waller is the first death in New Jersey directly linked to the virus.

The CDC seems to have no idea how to contain the spread of enterovirus D-68.

So why should we be confident that they will be able to contain the spread of Ebola?

Last but not least, the Chikungunya virus is at pandemic levels all over Central and South America.

We aren’t hearing that much about this disease in the U.S., but at this point more than a million people have already been infected…

An excruciating mosquito-borne illness that arrived less than a year ago in the Americas is raging across the region, leaping from the Caribbean to the Central and South American mainland, and infecting more than 1 million people. Some cases already have emerged in the United States.

The good news is that very few people actually die from this disease.

The bad news is that almost everyone that gets it feels like they are dying.

In a previous article, I wrote about the intense suffering that victims go through.  According to Slate, the name of this virus originally “comes from a Makonde word meaning ‘that which bends up,’ referring to the contortions sufferers put themselves through due to intense joint pain.”

Right now, the number of cases of Chikungunya is absolutely exploding.  Just check out the following excerpt from a recent Fox News report

In El Salvador, health officials report nearly 30,000 suspected cases, up from 2,300 at the beginning of August, and hospitals are filled with people with the telltale signs of the illness, including joint pain so severe it can be hard to walk.

“The pain is unbelievable,” said Catalino Castillo, a 39-year-old seeking treatment at a San Salvador hospital. “It’s been 10 days and it won’t let up.”

Venezuelan officials reported at least 1,700 cases as of Friday, and the number is expected to rise. Neighboring Colombia has around 4,800 cases but the health ministry projects there will be nearly 700,000 by early 2015.

So why is this happening?

Why are so many absolutely horrible diseases emerging all at once?

 

 

Some Ebola experts worry virus may spread more easily than assumed

Ebola crisis

Caption Ebola crisis

John Moore / Getty Images

World Health Organization instructors watch as health workers in protective suits take part in a training session in Monrovia, Liberia.

Ebola crisis

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John Moore / Getty Images

Matua Fallah waits to receive a ration of rice at a makeshift distribution center in Dolo Town, Liberia, in August.

Ebola crisis

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John Moore / Getty Images

Relatives of a local government official are escorted from the West Point slum of Monrovia, Liberia, in August after unrest erupted in response to a government quarantine.

Ebola crisis

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Saah Exco, 10, lies in a back alley of Monrovia’s West Point slum in August. The boy was one of the patients pulled out of a holding center for suspected Ebola patients when the facility was overrun by a mob.

Ebola crisis

Caption Ebola crisis

John Moore / Getty Images

A resident looks from behind a gate during the Liberian government’s 11-day Ebola quarantine in the West Point district of Monrovia.

Ebola crisis

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John Moore / Getty Images

Residents of Monrovia’s West Point slum wait for a food aid distribution during the government-imposed quarantine there.

Ebola crisis

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A burial team from the Liberian Ministry of Health unloads the bodies of Ebola victims onto a funeral pyre at a crematorium in the town of Marshall.

Ebola crisis

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Residents in New Kru Town, Liberia, complain they have not received enough disinfection kits being distributed by the aid group Doctors Without Borders.

Ebola crisis

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Liberians in New Kru Town wait before dawn for disinfection kits being distributed by Doctors Without Borders.

Ebola crisis

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John Moore, Getty Images

A health worker speaks with a boy at a center for suspected Ebola patients, formerly the maternity ward at Redemption Hospital in Monrovia.

Ebola crisis

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A woman carries a disinfection kit distributed by Doctors Without Borders in New Kru Town.

Ebola crisis

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John Moore / Getty Images

Residents walk home with disinfection kits distributed in New Kru Town.

Ebola crisis

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Sanitized gloves and boots hang to dry at a Liberian Ministry of Health center for cremation in Monrovia.

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An Ebola awareness mural is displayed in Monrovia.

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A Liberian Ministry of Health worker speaks to Banu, 4, in a holding center for suspected Ebola patients at Redemption Hospital in Monrovia.

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John Moore / Getty Images

U.S. Air Force personnel offload a mobile command center from a transport plane outside Monrovia to assist Liberia’s Ebola response.

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John Moore / Getty Images

A man walks past the residence in Monrovia, Liberia, where Thomas Eric Duncan, the first patient to be diagnosed with Ebola in the United States, had rented a room.

Ebola crisis

Caption Ebola crisis

John Moore, Getty Images

A health worker watches as a burial team collects the bodies of Ebola victims from a Ministry of Health center for cremation in Monrovia.

By David Willman contact the reporter

NationMedical ResearchAfricaScientific ResearchDiseases and IllnessesEbolaU.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Ebola researcher says he would not rule out possibility that the virus spreads through air in tight quarters

‘There are too many unknowns here,’ a virologist says of how Ebola may spread

Ebola researcher says he thinks there is a chance asymptomatic people could spread the virus

U.S. officials leading the fight against history’s worst outbreak of Ebola have said they know the ways the virus is spread and how to stop it. They say that unless an air traveler from disease-ravaged West Africa has a fever of at least 101.5 degrees or other symptoms, co-passengers are not at risk.

"At this point there is zero risk of transmission on the flight," Dr. Thomas Frieden, director of the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said after a Liberian man who flew through airports in Brussels and Washington was diagnosed with the disease last week in Dallas.

First Ebola infection outside West Africa

Three more were placed under quarantine at Madrid hospital where a Spanish nurse became infected, the first case infection outside of West Africa.

Other public health officials have voiced similar assurances, saying Ebola is spread only through physical contact with a symptomatic individual or their bodily fluids. "Ebola is not transmitted by the air. It is not an airborne infection," said Dr. Edward Goodman of Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas, where the Liberian patient remains in critical condition.

Yet some scientists who have long studied Ebola say such assurances are premature — and they are concerned about what is not known about the strain now on the loose. It is an Ebola outbreak like none seen before, jumping from the bush to urban areas, giving the virus more opportunities to evolve as it passes through multiple human hosts.

Dr. C.J. Peters, who battled a 1989 outbreak of the virus among research monkeys housed in Virginia and who later led the CDC’s most far-reaching study of Ebola’s transmissibility in humans, said he would not rule out the possibility that it spreads through the air in tight quarters.

"We just don’t have the data to exclude it," said Peters, who continues to research viral diseases at the University of Texas in Galveston.

Dr. Philip K. Russell, a virologist who oversaw Ebola research while heading the U.S. Army’s Medical Research and Development Command, and who later led the government’s massive stockpiling of smallpox vaccine after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, also said much was still to be learned. "Being dogmatic is, I think, ill-advised, because there are too many unknowns here."

If Ebola were to mutate on its path from human to human, said Russell and other scientists, its virulence might wane — or it might spread in ways not observed during past outbreaks, which were stopped after transmission among just two to three people, before the virus had a greater chance to evolve. The present outbreak in West Africa has killed approximately 3,400 people, and there is no medical cure for Ebola.

"I see the reasons to dampen down public fears," Russell said. "But scientifically, we’re in the middle of the first experiment of multiple, serial passages of Ebola virus in man…. God knows what this virus is going to look like. I don’t."

U.S. To Increase Airport Screening For Ebola

The deteriorating conditions in Africa make it more likely additional cases of Ebola will appear in the United States and officials are pushing for increased screenings at airports.

Tom Skinner, a spokesman for the CDC in Atlanta, said health officials were basing their response to Ebola on what has been learned from battling the virus since its discovery in central Africa in 1976. The CDC remains confident, he said, that Ebola is transmitted principally by direct physical contact with an ill person or their bodily fluids.

Skinner also said the CDC is conducting ongoing lab analyses to assess whether the present strain of Ebola is mutating in ways that would require the government to change its policies on responding to it. The results so far have not provided cause for concern, he said.

The researchers reached in recent days for this article cited grounds to question U.S. officials’ assumptions in three categories.

One issue is whether airport screenings of prospective travelers to the U.S. from West Africa can reliably detect those who might have Ebola. Frieden has said the CDC protocols used at West African airports can be relied on to prevent more infected passengers from coming to the U.S.

"One hundred percent of the individuals getting on planes are screened for fever before they get on the plane," Frieden said Sept. 30. "And if they have a fever, they are pulled out of the line, assessed for Ebola, and don’t fly unless Ebola is ruled out."

Individuals who have flown recently from one or more of the affected countries suggested that travelers could easily subvert the screening procedures — and might have incentive to do so: Compared with the depleted medical resources in the West African countries of Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea, the prospect of hospital care in the U.S. may offer an Ebola-exposed person the only chance to survive.

Ailing in Monrovia, Liberia

Relatives pray over a weak Siata Johnson, 23, outside the Ebola treatment center at a hospital on the outskirts of Monrovia, Liberia. (John Moore / Getty Images)

A person could pass body temperature checks performed at the airports by taking ibuprofen or any common analgesic. And prospective passengers have much to fear from identifying themselves as sick, said Kim Beer, a resident of Freetown, the capital of Sierra Leone, who is working to get medical supplies into the country to cope with Ebola.

"It is highly unlikely that someone would acknowledge having a fever, or simply feeling unwell," Beer said via email. "Not only will they probably not get on the flight — they may even be taken to/required to go to a ‘holding facility’ where they would have to stay for days until it is confirmed that it is not caused by Ebola. That is just about the last place one would want to go."

Liberian officials said last week that the patient hospitalized in Dallas, Thomas Eric Duncan, did not report to airport screeners that he had had previous contact with an Ebola-stricken woman. It is not known whether Duncan knew she suffered from Ebola; her family told neighbors it was malaria.

The potential disincentive for passengers to reveal their own symptoms was echoed by Sheka Forna, a dual citizen of Sierra Leone and Britain who manages a communications firm in Freetown. Forna said he considered it "very possible" that people with fever would medicate themselves to appear asymptomatic.

It would be perilous to admit even nonspecific symptoms at the airport, Forna said in a telephone interview. "You’d be confined to wards with people with full-blown disease."

On Monday, the White House announced that a review was underway of existing airport procedures. Frieden and President Obama’s assistant for homeland security and counter-terrorism, Lisa Monaco, said Friday that closing the U.S. to passengers from the Ebola-affected countries would risk obstructing relief efforts.

CDC officials also say that asymptomatic patients cannot spread Ebola. This assumption is crucial for assessing how many people are at risk of getting the disease. Yet diagnosing a symptom can depend on subjective understandings of what constitutes a symptom, and some may not be easily recognizable. Is a person mildly fatigued because of short sleep the night before a flight — or because of the early onset of disease?

Moreover, said some public health specialists, there is no proof that a person infected — but who lacks symptoms — could not spread the virus to others.

"It’s really unclear," said Michael Osterholm, a public health scientist at the University of Minnesota who recently served on the U.S. government’s National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity. "None of us know."

Russell, who oversaw the Army’s research on Ebola, said he found the epidemiological data unconvincing.

"The definition of ‘symptomatic’ is a little difficult to deal with," he said. "It may be generally true that patients aren’t excreting very much virus until they become ill, but to say that we know the course of [the virus’ entry into the bloodstream] and the course of when a virus appears in the various secretions, I think, is premature."

The CDC’s Skinner said that while officials remained confident that Ebola can be spread only by the overtly sick, the ongoing studies would assess whether mutations that might occur could increase the potential for asymptomatic patients to spread it.

Finally, some also question the official assertion that Ebola cannot be transmitted through the air. In late 1989, virus researcher Charles L. Bailey supervised the government’s response to an outbreak of Ebola among several dozen rhesus monkeys housed for research in Reston, Va., a suburb of Washington.

What Bailey learned from the episode informs his suspicion that the current strain of Ebola afflicting humans might be spread through tiny liquid droplets propelled into the air by coughing or sneezing.

"We know for a fact that the virus occurs in sputum and no one has ever done a study [disproving that] coughing or sneezing is a viable means of transmitting," he said. Unqualified assurances that Ebola is not spread through the air, Bailey said, are "misleading."

Peters, whose CDC team studied cases from 27 households that emerged during a 1995 Ebola outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo, said that while most could be attributed to contact with infected late-stage patients or their bodily fluids, "some" infections may have occurred via "aerosol transmission."

Ashoka Mukpo

Ebola patient Ashoka Mukpo is loaded into an ambulance after arriving in Omaha. The American photojournalist became ill while working in Liberia and was taken to Nebraska Medical Center, where he will be kept in isolation. (James R. Burnett / World-Herald)

Skinner of the CDC, who cited the Peters-led study as the most extensive of Ebola’s transmissibility, said that while the evidence "is really overwhelming" that people are most at risk when they touch either those who are sick or such a person’s vomit, blood or diarrhea, "we can never say never" about spread through close-range coughing or sneezing.

"I’m not going to sit here and say that if a person who is highly viremic … were to sneeze or cough right in the face of somebody who wasn’t protected, that we wouldn’t have a transmission," Skinner said.

Peters, Russell and Bailey, who in 1989 was deputy commander for research of the Army’s Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, in Frederick, Md., said the primates in Reston had appeared to spread Ebola to other monkeys through their breath.

The Ebola strain found in the monkeys did not infect their human handlers. Bailey, who now directs a biocontainment lab at George Mason University in Virginia, said he was seeking to research the genetic differences between the Ebola found in the Reston monkeys and the strain currently circulating in West Africa.

Though he acknowledged that the means of disease transmission among the animals would not guarantee the same result among humans, Bailey said the outcome may hold lessons for the present Ebola epidemic.

"Those monkeys were dying in a pattern that was certainly suggestive of coughing and sneezing — some sort of aerosol movement," Bailey said. "They were dying and spreading it so quickly from cage to cage. We finally came to the conclusion that the best action was to euthanize them all."

david.willman@latimes.com

Copyright © 2014, Los Angeles Times

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