Tag Archive: Pineal Gland



 

© 2011 By Gary Vey

http://www.viewzone.com/pineal.html

The Pineal Gland — The “Seat of the Soul”?

After writing several articles on reincarnation and enlightenment, many readers asked me why I never mentioned the significance of the pineal gland — a small structure about the size of a pea, located in the middle of the brain. For centuries this gland has been thought of by occultists and spititual masters as the “seat of the soul” — a phrase made popular by Descartes (1662 AD).

Descartes was obsessed with understanding who we are. He questioned everything — even the notion that we can know ourselves. He observed that the senses can be fooled, that most of what we think we know is really illusion and finally struggled with the possibility that our own identity as individuals was also not real. But in the end he concluded that if it was possible to doubt our own existence, there had to be some “thing” that was capable of experiencing this doubt. And that thing was our true self.

His famous statement endures: Cogno ergo sum — I think, therefore I am.

“Although the soul is joined with the entire body, there is one part of the body [the pineal] in which it exercises its function more than elsewhere… [The pineal] is so suspended between the passages containing the animal spirits [guiding reason and carrying sensation and movement] that it can be moved by them…; and it carries this motion on to the soul … Then conversely, the body machine is so constituted that whenever the gland is moved in one way or another by the soul, or for that matter by any other cause, it pushes the animal spirits which surround it to the pores of the brain.” — Descartes

Today, with an understanding of computers, we might take issue with Descartes. That “thinking” process could be part of the circuitry of neurons, synapses and neurotransmitters that exist in our material brains. The real self is much deeper. It uses the thinking process but it remains apart from it, observing the process. The real self is, in fact, consciousness itself.

Obviously the two phenomena are connected: consciousness interfaces with the thinking process. So the question really is about how this interface of material mind and spiritual consciousness happens. If we can understand how consciousness interprets our thinking self then hopefully we can reverse the process and become aware of our consciousness — our true self. That is enlightenment.

As usual, in the process of doing research about the pineal gland, some amazing facts were revealed. Not only does this incredibly small gland seem to be associated with psi activity and paranormal abilities, but it is extremely vulnerable to the environment in ways that reveal our apparent materialism and pandemic depression.

The Pineal Gland in History

Although commonly attributed to Descartes, the idea that the pineal gland was the interfacing organ where the spirit of man gained access and animated the human body was the idea of a Greek physician named Herophilus. Three hundred years before Christ, Herophilus [right] was dissecting corpses and documenting what he observed. His specialties were the reproductive system and the brain.

Prior to Herophilus, people believed the “executive office” of human consciousness was the heart. Egyptian mummies had their hearts carefully embalmed and preserved while their brains were removed through their nasal passages and unceremoniously discarded. But Herophilus knew that the brain was the controlling center and he went on to discriminate between the various parts of the brain and assess the different behaviors associated with them.

Herophilus noticed that the small pineal structure was singular, unlike other brain features that are mirrored in the left and right hemispheres. It is the first gland to be formed in the foetus and is distinguishable at 3 weeks. It is also highly nourished. The pineal gland has been supplied with the best blood, oxygen and nutrient mix available in the human anatomy, second only to that of our kidneys (whose function is to filter the blood of impurities). Because of this unique and special anatomical configuration, Herophilus rightly concluded it had a major role in consciousness and was the gateway to our real self.

Herophilus is credited with the “invention” of the scientific method, the dogma of just about every scientific inquiry today, which consists of postulating theories and conducting experiments to prove or disprove them. It is ironic then that scientific inquiry of the pineal gland has been vigorously avoided because of its association with “spiritual” phenomena — incapable of empirical scrutiny. Only recently have scientists become interested in knowing more about this mysterious gland.

Herophilus wrote many volumes about anatomy and illustrated them, much as Leonardo Da Vinci did centuries later, but sadly his work did not survive the destruction of the great library in Alexandria where they were stored.

The Third Eye

By 1884, the field of comparative anatomy was revealing evidence that human organs could be traced back to lower vertebrates. F. Ahlborn recognized that pineal gland was originally a photoreactive organ in fish and amphibians and was sometimes located outside the skull, just under the skin. Its function as a trigger for reproduction was noted some 70 years later. The pineal gland was responsible for evaluating the length of day and night, calculating the correct season to mate and turning up the sex drive.

By 1958, Aaron Lerner discovered melatonin, a vital molecule produced in the pineal gland from another common neurotransmitter, serotonin. He also validated the fact that the production of melatonin varied, stopping during the daylight and ramping up shortly after darkness. Melatonin, it was learned, was responsible for making us relaxed and putting us to sleep.

For a while it was not known how this small gland, buried deep in the middle of human brain, could sense light or darkness. But it was later discovered that there was a link to the pineal gland from the retinas which, oddly enough, also contained melatonin. In no time the pineal gland was being called “the third eye” and, because of its location at one of the seven chakras, it was reputed to be the center of spiritual and psychic energy.

As hallucinogens became popular in the late 1960s, interest in altered states of consciousness, as a means to spirituality, peaked. Researchers discovered that LSD became highly concentrated in the pineal and pituitary glands. The altered state was produced by LSD’s ability to imitate serotonin at the synapse (where the neurons communicate with each other). Since both serotonin and melatonin are also concentrated in the pineal gland, this “third eye” was considered a portal to consciousness — what author Alduos Huxley called “the door of perception.”

Even Gurus have commented on the pineal, equating it to one of the chakras:

“All psychic systems have their physical aspects in the body . . . With ajna chakra the physical equivalent is the pineal gland, which has long baffled doctors and scientists as to its precise function… Yogis, who are scientists of the subtle mind, have always spoken of telepathy as a ‘siddhi’, a psychic power for thought communication and clairaudience, etc. The medium of such siddhis is ajna chakra, and its physical terminus is the pineal gland, which is connected to the brain. It has been stated by great yogis … that the pineal gland is the receptor and sender of the subtle vibrations which carry thoughts and psychic phenomena throughout the cosmos.” — (Satyananda, 1972).

But is any of this supported by Herophilus’s “scientific method”?

Many experiments were conducted on so-called Psi (paranormal) phenomena in the 1970s. Dixon [1] found that the pineal gland was a prime focus of this activity. He noted that psi activity was most successful in a relaxed, drowsy state — similar to those induced by melatonin. Other studies found correlations with melatonin and the practice of yogic meditation, thought to be a prerequisite for “enlightenment.”

Yogic practices for 3 months resulted in an improvement in cardiorespiratory performance and psychologic profile. The plasma melatonin also showed an increase after three months of yogic practices. The systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, and orthostatic tolerance did not show any significant correlation with plasma melatonin. However, the maximum night time melatonin levels in yoga group showed a significant correlation (r = 0.71, p < 0.05) with well-being score.

These observations suggest that yogic practices can be used as psychophysiologic stimuli to increase endogenous secretion of melatonin, which, in turn, might be responsible for improved sense of well-being. – [2]

More dramatic evidence comes from mystical and “near death experiences” induced by a chemical called Dimethyltryptamine (DMT). The traditional “sacrament” of South American shamans, DMT closely resembles both melatonin and seratonin and occurs naturally in some tropical vegetation as well as the human body. It is thought that stored DMT is released from the pineal gland just prior to death, causing the out-of-body experience and mystical visions reported by NDE survivors. While there has been no empiricial evidence linking the pineal gland to the production of DMT, its association with melatonin (from which it is made) seems to strongly suggest this possibility.

“As an endogenous, or naturally-produced, human psychedelic, I believed it might mediate spontaneous psychedelic experiences such as near-death and mystical states. I also considered the pineal gland a likely source of this endogenous DMT; as such, the pineal might be a ‘spirit gland.’” — [3] Strassman, Rick J. (2001).

Medical researcher, JC Callaway (1988), suggested that naturally occurring DMT might be connected with visual dream phenomena, where brain DMT levels are periodically elevated to induce visual images and possibly other paranormal states of mind. So, although empirical proof of the esoteric functions of the pineal gland have not been found, the idea seems worth pursuing.

Brain Sand

Anatomists have shown that the human pineal gland is most active in our youth, just before puberty. This would make sense if the gland were somehow in control of the reproductive system, turning on the necessary hormones that constitute adulthood. But after puberty the pineal gland seems to calcify, accumulating what is called “brain sand”.

Although pineal glands show this calcification, it does not seem to diminish the production of melatonin. In fact, the calcification appears to have no significant effect. But some other factors have been shown to seriously inhibit pineal function. This is important because recent discoveries have shown that melatonin is vital for the immune system, with lower levels associated with prostate and breast cancer [4] — two major causes of premature death. It also regulates blood sugar metabolism. Studies show that night-shift workers seem more likely to develop Type II diabetes than their day-shift counterparts. Seasonal Affect Disorder (SAD) is also linked to deficient levels of melatonin and serotonin, although the mechanism is not fully understood. With all these ill health effects, the possibility of achieving “enlightenment” with a depletion of melatonin seems a bit remote!

Environmental assaults on the pineal gland

Interference with the pineal gland from the environment is all pervasive. The two biggest antagonists are electromagnetic radiation and fluoride.

Studies with hamsters showed that exposure to a 60Hz field (exactly the type of current flowing through our electrical grid) significantly reduced the pineal glands ability to generate melatonin during night cycles [5].

“…the acute magnetic field exposure was again found to blunt the increase and suppress the duration of the nighttime melatonin rise. “

Studies with human subjects who were exposed to 60Hz magnetic fields also showed this anomaly [6]. This is distressing to learn, since we are all literally surrounded by 60Hz electrical fields in our homes, at work and outside where power lines tower over almost every street. There is no escape from this type of radiation except to flea to remote, unpopulated areas. But even there, the pineal could be under siege.

Remember HAARP? The ionospheric heater invented and patented by by Richard Eastlund which was quickly seized by the Department of Defense, given to Raytheon, and developed into a weapon system? Part of the patent describes how powerful Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) radiation is capable of causing acute drowsiness and interfering with heat regulation –functions of the pineal gland [8]. No doubt this vulnerability has been exploited and refined in the decades since the technology was hi-jacked for an evil agenda. By now there may well be some global grid of “heaters” positioned to control the population and inhibit our spiritual evolution. We can only hope we are wrong. (We’ll have more to say on this later.)

Until the 1990s, no research had ever been conducted to determine the impact offluoride on the pineal gland. Fluoride is a routinely (and sometimes mandatory) additive to almost all drinking water, allegedly to prevent tooth decay. Its use has always been highly controversial and research on the side effects is often discouraged.

Melatonin, created in the pineal gland, not only helps regulate the onset of puberty but also helps protect the body from cell damage caused by free radicals. It is now known — thanks to the meticulous research of Dr. Jennifer Luke from the University of Surrey in England — that the pineal gland is the primary target of fluoride accumulation within the human body.

The soft tissue of the adult pineal gland contains more fluoride than any other soft tissue in the body — a level of fluoride (~300 ppm) which is more than capable of inhibiting enzymes. The pineal gland also contains hard tissue (hyroxyapatite crystals), and this hard tissue accumulates more fluoride (up to 21,000 ppm) than any other hard tissue in the body (even the teeth, which it is supposed to protect).

Realizing that the pineal gland was the target of so much fluoride, Dr. Luke conducted animal experiments to determine if the accumulated fluoride could negatively impact the regulation of melatonin. She found that animals treated with fluoride had lower levels of circulating melatonin. This reduced level of melatonin was accompanied by an earlier onset of puberty in the fluoride treated female animals.

Luke summarized her human and animal findings as follows:

“…the human pineal gland contains the highest concentration of fluoride in the body. Fluoride is associated with depressed pineal melatonin synthesis by prepubertal gerbils and accelerated onset of sexual maturation in the female gerbil. The results strengthen the hypothesis that the pineal has a role in the timing of the onset of puberty …” [7]

So far we’ve exposed two major environmental assaults on the normal functioning of our pineal gland. If this is truly the “seat of the soul” or the “gateway to enlightenment” then humanity has successfully scuttled this natural path to self-knowledge. The environment you are in right now — sitting in front of your computer — is having a negative effect on your pineal gland. So we ask the question: is there anything we can do to improve the health of this important brain structure? Perhaps there is.

Hope and the Pineal

Rhythmic Breathing and Chanting

The pineal gland sits on the roof of the 3rd ventricle of the brain, directly behind the root of the nose and floats in a small lake of cerebrospinal fluid. It doesn’t have a blood-brain barrier like other brain structures, where certain molecules in the circulating blood are blocked. Instead it relies on a constant supply of blood delivered through a particularly rich vascular network.

Activities such as rhythmic breathing and chanting create an oxygen rich supply to the pineal gland. Many yogis describe the object of their breathing technique is to increase the heart rate while reducing the blood pressure. Ironically, this is what happens just before we die. It may be that the goal of this procedure is to release DMT, which many believe is stored in the pineal.

Remember, DMT is the body’s own psychedelic. It’s a neurochemical specifically created to allow the focus of our thinking to be directed inward. Although the exact chemical reaction is yet to be understood, DMT allows synaptic paths to escape from the routinely travelled pathways, allowing for novel thoughts and sensations to happen. The authority of specific hemispheres is suspended, allowing for what can be desribed asincommensurables — factual realities that can not be rationally (cause-effect) explained, nevertheless are real. All of these prerequisites are needed to confront the elusive self.

Instant karma

While low frequency and magnetic radiation have been shown to reduce melatonin production, some other types of radiation seem to energize the pineal gland. In an article posted many years ago on viewzone, ESP and LST, it was shown that psi or paranormal abilities, such as remote viewing or ESP, were at their peak when the center of the Milky Way galaxy was in a certain position in the sky. The exact time was 13.30 LST (Local Sidereal Time).

As the galactic map [above] shows, the center of the Galaxy is a rich source of radio emissions. This radiation could be something “seen” by the pineal in ways that we have not yet understood. The fact that the peak abilities were not at 12:00 LST, when the center and maximum radiation was directly overhead, may be either due to some delay in pineal response or could reflect some ideal angle at which the radio emissions are optimal in reaching the surface of Earth.

As I was writing this story, I received an interesting e-mail from a man named Drew Hempel, MA. Drew has an interesting theory about music, mathematics and consciousness that I hope we can share in future editions of viewzone. One of his theories described how ultrasonic vibrations can influence our consciousness. It’s so relevent to this discussion on the pineal that I’d like to show you what he found.

It is already established that the pineal gland is reactive to light, radio frequencies and ELF radiation — extremes on the electromagnetic spectrum. Sound waves are also part of this spectrum. The ability of something as simple as a sound to penetrate our skull and transform the function and structure of our brain is hard to imagine. I was a skeptic until I watched this video:

And if that wasn’t amazing enough to make me re-think the power of sound, this most certainly was:

Certainly, sonic stimulation is the next frontier. As Drew described this phenomenon, he mentioned a recent patent, filed by Sony, which uses sound waves to create thoughts!

“Jenny Hogan and Barry Fox’s article, Sony patent takes first step towards real-life Matrix, New Scientist, April 7, 2005, details plans for total sensory mind-machine interface relying on ultrasound pulses. ‘The technique suggested in the patent is entirely non- invasive. It describes a device that fires pulses of ultrasound at the head to modify firing patterns in targeted parts of the brain, creating sensory experiencesranging from moving images to tastes and sounds. This could give blind or deaf people the chance to see or hear, the patent claims.’

Magnetic fields can not be finely focused whereas ultrasound can be. That is the key difference for ultrasound. This ultrasound heard as the highest external tone ionizes our electrochemicals. Ultrasound also creates cavitation which turns into light! This cavitation has extremely high temperature which then enables alchemical results — the transformation of matter! This cavitation of ultrasound into light is known in science as piezonuclear fusion or sonofusion — ‘cold fusion.’

Perhaps we will soon see a spiritual use of technology, capable of stimulating the pineal gland to re-energize it and facilitate a state of mind capable of experiencing the true self. The potential seems there. But is there the will?

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Illuminating The Pineal Gland & Moving Into The Sun
(from: ‘The Heart of Soul Healing’, Chapter 19)

My main teachers in this life were family members, friends, and co-workers. One of my friends, Duncan Cameron, is a kindred spirit who has very unique ideas. Duncan said he was a main psychic for the Montauk Project and had vivid memories of being part of the Philadelphia Experiment. I have worked with him twice; helping to heal his emotional body.
One of Duncan’s functions was to use his sexual, life-force energy to create and open time tunnels. While we were eating breakfast at a restaurant one morning, Duncan shared with me ideas that became part of a meditation. This allows me to use the life-force energy of my body in a new and more powerful way. I named this new technique “Moving into the Sun.”
The Taoists call life-force energy Chi (Qi) and charted its movement through the body. Indian yoga adepts call it Prana and used it for healing. In the West, Dr. Wilhelm Reich discovered the same energy and called it Orgone energy. Reich felt this creative energy was the basis of life and could sometimes be seen in the air as blue or white balls of energy. The Chinese, Hindus, and Dr. Reich all taught their students the benefits of arousing this energy and moving it throughout the spine and brain.
Moving into the Sun is a way for you to move the life-force energy up the spine from the base chakra and into the pineal gland. This exercise will help awaken your paranormal talents and your ability to time travel. Before attempting this meditation, you should first do the Living Light Breath Technique until you are comfortable. Remain with your tongue flat on the roof of your mouth and center in your pineal gland.
It is necessary to be physically moving to get into the flow of life-force energy. Begin by sitting on the edge of a strong chair with your spine straight and head erect. Place your feet together and pull them back until they are directly below your spine. Raise your heels so your feet are resting on your toes, and begin bouncing your feet up and down, keeping your toes on the floor. Let your arms hang straight down the sides of your body, open your fingers, and gently shake your arms and hands. This posture allows life-force energy to flow in your body.
Imagine in your mind a perfect sexual fantasy that will begin to activate the creativity in your first chakra, which lies at the base of the spine. If imagining a sexual fantasy is uncomfortable for you, remember a euphoric connection you had in the past, such as in a forest or nature setting. Create something energetically similar.
Create a fantasy that is different from any physical situation you have actually experienced. Do not use anyone else’s energy or any old sexual scenarios. If you imagine someone you have been with before, move to a different scene. This will keep you from looping or running anyone else’s energy. In this meditation, you will cease to use sexual energy for pleasure or procreation and will use it to activate your spiritual potential and skills.
Our base chakra is set up in three vibrations: sexual-survival, sexual-creative, and creative. We are going to use sexual-creative energy to move into creative energy. The purpose is to allow your creative energy to be active all the time. Later, you may choose to bring in sexual energy.
Some people have never experienced orgasm or been comfortable with sexual energy. Sexual fantasies are only tools and you may do this exercise by recalling, for example, the bliss you felt seeing a gorgeous sunset, walking in a majestic forest, or hearing beautiful music. You may also activate this energy in prayer or while meditating.
As you let yourself go into bliss with your body and mind, allow your feet to move. Be aware of the creative energy accumulating at the base of your spine. Do this for five to ten minutes.
As the life-force energy in your base chakra begins to move, use your intention to move it up your spine. It will feel warm as it begins to ascend. Still centered in your pineal and loving yourself, call the collective consciousness of the planet into your pineal as quickly as possible. What you should feel next is a quiet oneness, with no separation from anything. Let go and move into the experience. Practice this a few times before moving on to the next step.
Once the creative energy is activated and starts to move up the spine, tilt your head back about thirty degrees and then move the head forward to its level starting position, then back, then forward, then back, repeating the movement over and over. Be careful not to strain your neck. Be gentle.
With each set of back-front head movements, use your intention to push the rising energy back down the spine, to the base chakra. This simple movement “pumps” the energy, multiplying its power. The energy will move up faster each time you do this. Repeat this movement about twenty-five times until the life-force energy becomes so powerful that it surges up the spine and penetrates a point known as the occiput, giving the current direct access to the old brain.
The compressed, intensified energy then moves through the old brain and into the pineal gland. As the energy sparks the pineal gland, you will become the sun. Allow this warmth to fill your head.
When I do this meditation, I feel my entire brain ignite. Staying in the moment, my amplified kundalini (a Hindu expression that describes the life-force energy lying at the base of the spine) moves into my pineal. I perceive an inner light, with the brilliance of one hundred suns, that fully engulfs my being and energizes the billions of neurons in my brain. I feel one with Source. I feel connected to all things, warm all over, full-bodied, peaceful, and at the center of creation.
As I was doing this meditation, I realized the limitations of being centered in the heart, as is taught in many religions and metaphysical circles. Centering in the heart makes it more difficult to move energy up the spine because any issues we have about love could prevent the energy from going any higher than the heart chakra. This prevents us from activating the higher brain states.
The healing techniques of Dr. Wilhelm Reich were designed to allow life-force energy to move freely through the body. Reich said that if people were centered in the heart when this orgasmic energy moved up the spine, they could possibly damage their hearts. He knew of three people who had heart attacks this way.
The main factor preventing activation of the higher brain states is that most of us are not energetically connected from the base of our spines all the way up to our brains. I believe that the base chakra, located at the bottom of the spine, represents Earth, (our full physical potential), and the pineal gland in the brain represents heaven, (our full spiritual potential). Connecting heaven and earth within our physical body is what we are here to master. The way to activate the higher spiritual centers in the throat, third eye, pineal, and crown is by moving the sexual/creative life-force energy up the spine and into the pineal.

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Why pineal gland and mental health are most important in these times

BY ADONAI

JANUARY 24, 2012POSTED IN: COSMIC EVOLUTION, EDITORS’ PICKS, HEALTH, SOCIAL EVOLUTION

The Watchers Tweet Tweet Clean pineal gland and strong mental health are most important to tell the truth from the lies and take control of your life back to your own hands. While we spend our days being manipulated slaves, science and spirituality are joining up and offering us clues. Today we can say that many of the secrets are right out in the open and that truth and knowledge can come to those that...

  • The Watchers

    Clean pineal gland and strong mental health are most important to tell the truth from the lies and take control of your life back to your own hands. While we spend our days being manipulated slaves, science and spirituality are joining up and offering us clues. Today we can say that many of the secrets are right out in the open and that truth and knowledge can come to those that seek them and are able to recognize them. Though this process is individual there are common things that all of us feel when our dormant knowledge bursts into our consciousness.

The pineal gland and mental health

The pineal gland, or third eye, is located in the geometric center of the brain. This correlates to the location of the Great Pyramid in the center of the physical planet.

The pineal gland was called the “third eye” by ancient people. It was thought to have mystical powers. This may be why the French philosopher Descartes decided that the pineal gland was the seat of the human soul, the location of what we call the mind. The pineal does contain a complete map of the visual field of the eyes, and it plays several significant roles in human functioning.

It is the center for the production of the hormone melatonin. Melatonin is implicated in a wide range of human activities. It regulates daily body rhythms, most notably the day/night cycle (circadian rhythms). Melatonin is released in the dark, during sleep.

The pineal gland has been implicated in a number of disorders including cancer, sexual dysfunction, hypertension, epilepsy, Paget’s disease… The pineal gland calcifies with age and melatonin production correspondingly decreases. This decline in melatonin has been suggested to be a trigger for the aging process.

Environmental stresses affect pineal function, impacting overall body alertness, temperature levels, and hormone operation. Stresses that affect pineal function include unusual light and dark rhythms, radiation, magnetic fields, nutritional imbalances, temperature swings, high altitude, and overall daily stress patterns.

Pineal gland contains magnetic material in birds and other animals. It is a center for navigation. This, of course, is important for blind individuals. If the pineal gland turns out to contain magnetic material in humans (researchers are looking), then it may be involved in navigational processing. Magnetic processing is subtle and may be part of the bodies unconscious navigational system. Mobility specialists are aware of this possibility, but we have yet to use it to train students.

Studies done mostly with birds strongly suggest that the pineal gland is a center for navigation. Scientists believe that the pineal body is a magnetoreceptor, capable of monitoring magnetic fields, and helping to align the body in space. Changing the direction of magnetic fields around the heads of birds alters their ability to orient.

Electromagnetic fields (EMF) suppress the activity of the pineal gland and reduce melatonin production. EMF activity therefore disrupts the bodies circadian rhythms.

A recent study published some years ago in the NewScientist, indicates a direct connection between the Sun’s solar storms and human biological effect. The conduit which facilitates the charged particles from the Sun to human disturbance — is the very same conduit which steers Earth’s weather —– The Magnetic Field. Yes, animals and humans have a magnetic field which surrounds them — in the very same way the magnetic field surrounds the Earth as a protector.

The NewScientist study states: “The most plausible explanation for the association between geomagnetic activity and depression and suicide is that geomagnetic storms can desynchronize circadian rhythms andmelatonin production,” says Kelly Posner, a psychiatrist at Columbia University in the US. The pineal gland, which regulates circadian rhythm and melatonin production, is sensitive to magnetic fields. “The circadian regulatory system depends upon repeated environmental cues to [synchronize] internal clocks,” says Posner. “Magnetic fields may be one of these environmental cues.”

Function and official research on pineal gland

This gland is activated by Light, and it controls the various biorhythms of the body. It works in harmony with the hypothalamus gland, which directs the body’s thirst, hunger, sexual desire and the biological clock, that determines our aging process.

The pineal gland was originally believed to be a “vestigial remnant” of a larger organ.  Dermatology professor Aaron B. Lerner and colleagues at Yale University, hoping that a substance from the pineal might be useful in treating skin diseases, isolated and named the hormone melatonin in 1958.

Melatonin

Melatonin is N-acetyl-5-methoxy-tryptamine, a derivative of the amino acid tryptophan, which also has other functions in the central nervous system. The production of melatonin by the pineal gland is stimulated by darkness and inhibited by light. Photosensitive cells in the retina detect light and directly signal the SCN, entraining its rhythm to the 24-hour cycle in nature. Fibers project from the SCN to the paraventricular nuclei (PVN), which relay the circadian signals to the spinal cord and out via the sympathetic system to superior cervical ganglia (SCG), and from there into the pineal gland.

Melatonin is a very ancient hormone that is found throughout the animal kingdom. In reptiles and birds the pineal is close to the skin and needs no interaction with the eye to register day/night cycles (this is where the notion of the ‘third eye” comes from). In these animals, the pineal gland is the master clock. In mammals, however, the pineal gland is subordinate to the eye/SCN system. Light severely curtails the production of melatonin.

Melatonin has been shown to inhibit the growth and metastasis of some tumors in experimental animals, and may therefore play a role in cancer inhibition. Removal of the pineal gland and/or reduction in melatonin output have been implicated in the increased incidence of breast cancer in laboratory animals. Patients who have breast cancer have lower levels of melatonin in the blood. The hormone has also been shown to be protective against genetic damage, and it has a stimulatory effect on the immune system.

The anticancer role of melatonin in humans is not established yet, but in a study involving blind women, melatonin production was found to be higher at all times. This finding was associated with the finding that breast cancer in this study was correspondingly lower for these blind women compared to the general population.

The abundant melatonin levels in children are believed to inhibit sexual development, and pineal tumors have been linked with precocious puberty. When puberty arrives, melatonin production is reduced. Calcification of the pineal gland is typical in adults.

Apparently the internal secretions of the pineal gland inhibit the development of the reproductive glands, because in cases where it is severely damaged in children, the result is accelerated development of the sexual organs and the skeleton. In animals, the pineal gland appears to play a major role in sexual development, hibernation, metabolism, and seasonal breeding.

Pineal cytostructure seems to have evolutionary similarities to the retinal cells of chordates. Modern birds and reptiles have been found to express the phototransducing pigment melanopsin in the pineal gland. Avian pineal glands are believed to act like the SCN in mammals.

Studies on rodents suggest that the pineal gland may influence the actions of recreational drugs, such as cocaine, and antidepressants, such as fluoxetine (Prozac), and its hormone melatonin can protect against neurodegeneration

Cleaning the pineal gland

Cleaning up the pineal gland is useful for those wishing to develop their multidimensional perception. The Pineal gland will naturally make its own DMT when fully operational and we will be able to remain in a visionary state most of the time. An awakened pineal gland brings the ability to consciously astral travel, explore other dimensions, foresee the future…

It is said that when the pineal gland or ‘third eye’ is awakened, one is able to see beyond space time into time space. It raises the frequency on which one operates and moves one into a higher consciousness.

When the pineal gland awakens, one feels a pressure at the base of the brain. This pressure will often be experienced, when connecting to higher frequency. A head injury, can also activate the Third Eye – Pineal Gland.

While the physiological function of the pineal gland, has been unknown until recent times, mystical traditions and esoteric schools, have long known, this area in the middle of the brain, to be the connecting link… between the physical and spiritual worlds.

Read more on cleaning:

Mercury poisoning of our mind, body and the planet – no multidimensional perception
Safely avoid and remove dangerous man-made fluoride
How to detox aluminum and why it’s necessary
The end of antibiotics and the rise of Iodine as an effective alternative

Considered the most powerful and highest source of ethereal energy available to humans, the pineal gland has always been important in initiating supernatural powers. Development of psychic talents… has been closely associated with this organ of higher vision.

The symbol of  the All-Seeing-EYE, has always been part of  Earth’s creation
mythologies and mysteries.

In Ancient Egypt, is was  symbolized by the Eye of  Horus.

The symbol was passed down, through the ancient mystery teachings and can
be found on the American dollar bill.

Why the symbol of the EYE?

The eye is the observer of reality – or the illusion of reality.

Nonsense? Well I’m sure that the majority of people reading this article would close their eyes so far and stop reading it have it been published some years ago.. and they would do so simply on the account of the fear. Deeply rooted fear! Ponder on that if you must as a change of direction comes here.

The power within us

Did you know that Nikola Tesla often said that his concepts came from his visions? So let’s explore what he had to say about that as that is the man whose inventions all of us are using today. Many of them are being suppressed, but still… our huge advancement as a species has this man to thank for that.

Extraordinary experiences of Nikola Tesla

Much has been made over Tesla’s amazing ability to visualize images from his mind. This talent came mostly involuntarily and often at inopportune moments. When he was younger, Tesla worried that he was suffering from some sort of madness when his visions would appear. Later he came to realize that this particular trait was a gift and the basis of all his inventions.

Tesla’s visions were so vivid that he was sometimes unsure of what was real and what imaginary. Strong flashes of light often accompanied these images. He would wave his hand in front of his eyes to determine whether the objects were simply in his mind or outside.

In 1919, Tesla wrote of these images and of his efforts to find an explanation for them. He had consulted with several doctors and psychologists, but no one was able to help.

“The theory I have formulated is that the images were the result of a reflex action from the brain on the retina under great excitation. They certainly were not hallucinations, for in other respects I was normal and composed.

“To give and idea of my distress, suppose that I had witnessed a funeral or some such nerve wracking spectacle. Then, inevitably, in the stillness of the night, a vivid picture of the scene would thrust itself before my eyes and persist despite all my efforts to banish it. Sometimes it would even remain fixed in space though I pushed my hand through it.”
It is well known that Tesla’s conception of his AC (alternating current) motor came to him during one of his visions.

“One afternoon … I was enjoying a walk with my friend in the city park and reciting poetry. At that age I knew entire books by heart, word for word. One of these was Goethes Faust. The sun was just setting and reminded me of a glorious passage: The glow retreats, done is the day of toil; It yonder hastes, new fields of life exploring; Ah, that no wing can lift me from the soil Upon its tract to follow, follow soaring!

“As I uttered these inspiring words the idea came like a flash of lightning and in an instant the truth was revealed. I drew with a stick on the sand the diagram shown six years later in my address before the American institute of Electrical Engineers.

“The images were wonderfully sharp and clear and had the solidity of metal. ‘See my motor here; watch me reverse it.’”
Tesla used his incredible power throughout his amazing career. He disliked drawing his conceptions down onto paper because they lacked the reality that Tesla’s internal drawing board could provide. For Tesla, drawing was utterly unrealistic and a nuisance.

He did not have to make plans and jot down dimensions, because of this power of instant recall. He could store any designs in his mind to be retrieved intact years later.

Despite his unusual abilities, Tesla at first had little patience with those who believed in psychic powers or spirits. Tesla often denied that he had supernatural powers or origins from beyond the earth. Such allegations, along with his conviction in the reality of extraterrestrials, almost certainly hurt Tesla’s reputation later in his life.

Tesla felt so strongly about such claims that he frequently wrote about his frustrations with people who wanted to believe that he was more than an ordinary human being.

“The by far greater number of human beings are never aware of what is passing around and within them and millions fall victims of disease and die prematurely just on this account. The commonest, everyday occurrences appear to them mysterious and inexplicable.

“One may feel a sudden wave of sadness and rack his brain for an explanation, when he might have noticed that it was caused by a cloud cutting off the rays of the sun. He may see the image of a friend dear to him under conditions which he construes as very peculiar, when only shortly before he has passed him in the street or seen his photograph somewhere.

“When he loses a collar button, he fusses and swears for an hour, being unable to visualize his previous actions and locate the object directly. Deficient observation is merely a form of ignorance and responsible for the many morbid notions and foolish ideas prevailing.

“There is not more than one out of every ten persons who does not believe in telepathy and other psychic manifestations, spiritualism and communion with the dead, and who would refuse to listen to willing or unwilling deceivers?

“Just to illustrate how deeply rooted this tendency has become even among the clear-headed American population, I may mention a comical incident. Shortly before the war, when the exhibition of my turbines in this city elicited widespread comment in the technical papers, I anticipated that there would be a scramble among manufacturers to get hold of the invention and I had particular designs on that man from Detroit (Ford) who has an uncanny faculty for accumulating millions.

“So confident was I, that he would turn up some day, that I declared this as certain to my secretary and assistants. Sure enough, one fine morning a body of engineers from the Ford Motor Company presented themselves with the request of discussing with me an important project.

“Didn’t I tell you?, I remarked triumphantly to my employees, and one of them said, ‘You are amazing, Mr. Tesla. Everything always comes out exactly as you predict.’

“As soon as these hard-headed men were seated, I of course, immediately began to extol the wonderful features of my turbine, when the spokesman interrupted me and said, ‘We know all about this, but we are on a special errand. We have formed a psychological society for the investigation of psychic phenomena and we want you to join us in this undertaking.’

“I suppose these engineers never knew how near they came to being fired out of my office. Ever since I was told by some of the greatest men of the time, leaders in science whose names are immortal, that I am possessed of an unusual mind, I bent all my thinking faculties on the solution of great problems regardless of sacrifice.

“For many years I endeavored to solve the enigma of death, and watched eagerly for every kind of spiritual indication. But only once in the course of my existence have I had an experience which momentarily impressed me as supernatural.

“It was at the time of my mother’s death. I had become completely exhausted by pain and long vigilance, and one night was carried to a building about two blocks from our home.

“As I lay helpless there, I thought that if my mother died while I was away from her bedside, she would surely give me a sign. Two or three months before, I was in London in company with my late friend, Sir William Crookes, when spiritualism was discussed and I was under the full sway of these thoughts.

“I might not have paid attention to other men, but was susceptible to his arguments as it was his epochal work on radiant matter, which I had read as a student, that made me embrace the electrical career. I reflected that the conditions for a look into the beyond were most favorable, for my mother was a woman of genius and particularly excelling in the powers of intuition.

“During the whole night every fibre in my brain was strained in expectancy, but nothing happened until early in the morning, when I fell in a sleep, or perhaps a swoon, and saw a cloud carrying angelic figures of marvelous beauty, one of whom gazed upon me lovingly and gradually assumed the features of my mother.

“The appearance slowly floated across the room and vanished, and I was awakened by an indescribably sweet song of many voices. In that instant a certitude, which no words can express, came upon me that my mother had just died. And that was true.

“I was unable to understand the tremendous weight of the painful knowledge I received in advance, and wrote a letter to Sir William Crookes while still under the domination of these impressions and in poor bodily health.

“When I recovered, I sought for a long time the external cause of this strange manifestation and, to my great relief, I succeeded after many months of fruitless effort. I had seen the painting of a celebrated artist, representing allegorically one of the seasons in the form of a cloud with a group of angels which seemed to actually float in the air, and this had struck me forcefully.

“It was exactly the same that appeared in my dream, with the exception of my mother’s likeness. The music came from the choir in the church nearby at the early mass of Easter morning, explaining everything satisfactorily in conformity with scientific facts.”

As Tesla grew older, he became more interested in spirituality and mankind’s place in the universe. Tesla had remarked once about inventing a machine that could project human thoughts onto a screen, much like a modern television. This idea would continue to be on his mind up until the time of his death.

Dale Alfrey remembers several notations concerning Tesla’s ideas on the nature of the human spirit and whether it continues on after physical death. Tesla had been brought up in a religious environment – but he had become more “humanistic” in his attitudes and considered physical life to be no more than a “automation of nature.”
“Tesla became more open to the idea that there is a spirit or soul that continues in another plane of existence after death,” recalls Alfrey. “At one point Tesla chided Edison for stealing his idea on using a form of radio to contact the dead.” (Extraordinary experiences of Nikola Tesla – read the rest here)

How about the rest of us?

The awakening

Well the biggest story here is that great powers are dormant in all of us. We can all clean ourselves and evolve to higher consciousness. Turn off your mainstream TV for start, you will not learn anything important, it’s a tool for mass control and manipulation, don’t read your daily mainstream media anymore.. find time to heal your mental and physical body. Find time for proper education. Enjoy… Detox from the poisons we are fed daily and follow your inner voice when deciphering truth from the lies. There are so many good people here on Earth… all we need to do is attune to the faster frequencies. Brave new world is upon us, you’ll be watching the big brothers house of glass tumble down as you evolve and become to enjoy your eternal conscious being.

We are not alone and most of the time the answers are right beside us, in friends and people that surround us. Notice that synchronicities rise each and every day as we comprehend more and more. Some describe the process of awakening as addiction, some as information overflow but generally speaking this processes are described as eternal drive to know more, to find out the truth. Many have realized that we fall only to rise again.

The story does not end here, for many this is just the beginning.

bann01

The Pineal Gland And The Ancient Art Of Iatromathematica
by Frank McGillion

http://www.astrology-research.net/researchlibrary/Iatr/pineal.htm

Abstract
The medical astrologers of Ancient Greece: the iatromathematici, and the later European physician-astrologers, assumed a correlation between events in the heavens and those on earth that was relevant to both health and disease. Some of the early practitioners of modern scientific medicine did the same under the aegis of what we might term, proto-cosmobiology, though none of them could provide an adequate mechanism to explain the nature of the link they believed existed between the skies and ourselves. With the discovery and elucidation of the pineal gland’s functions in the mid twentieth century, which are discussed in detail, we were in a position to provide such a link and we can now, to a great extent, explain in conventional scientific terms, how those influences of the sun, moon, planets and other celestial phenomena studied by the early iatromathematici and early cosmobiologists could, can, and do, affect us.

Key Words Pineal gland – melatonin – astrology – geomagnetism – planetary influences

Introduction
In Ancient Greece there was a distinction made between those who studied the stars in fairly general terms – the mathematici or magi, and those who did so for medical purposes – the iatromathematici. However the two areas of study overlapped considerably with little distinction being made between physical and metaphysical speculations. Accordingly, what we now know of as astronomy and astrology remained virtually indistinguishable for centuries (Tester, 1987a, b).
In addition to cosmological influences, Greek physicians stressed the importance of environmental factors in the welfare of their patients, and considerations of local geography and climate were deemed important in the diagnosis and prognosis of disease (Luce, 1977).
In the thirteenth century, Thomas Aquinas, while sympathetic to astrology, stressed the importance of “the oblique path” of the sun, i.e., what we know as the earth’s eccentric orbit, with respect to the links that existed between the earth and ourselves, and the fourteenth century Bishop of Liseux, Nicolas Orseme, stressed the importance of the sun and the moon in contemporary medicine, again making no clear distinction between astronomy and astrology (Tester, 1987c).
In the sixteenth century, Sir Francis Bacon, suggested that, while it was unlikely that the stars influenced us individually, collectively, populations might be affected by them (Tester, 1987d).
So it’s clear that the early mixture of astronomy and astrology, known as astrologia, gave rise to the due consideration of physical forces and their effects by informed physician-astrologers, in addition to those “forces” or “influences” we would now think on as purely “astrological.”

Traditional astrology had long been a part of medical curricula in Western Europe and, as far back as the eleventh century, it was taught at Bologna University where under the aegis of medical astrologers such as the eminent Professor Giovani Garonzi, physicians sought answers to clinical questions in horoscopes including specialist problems such as those presented by kidney disease (Bonomini et al, 1994; Kibre, 1967).
It seems that an interest in an association between astrology and urology persists, and a contemporary clinical study has repeated this search for such a correlation, concluding that: “… no significant link was found…disproving the traditional astrologer’s claims.” (Hughes, 1990).
With the onset of the Enlightenment, a combination of factors led to astrology being removed from formal medical curricula in the West and the subject itself becoming identified with superstition. However, the belief that celestial factors were significant in both medical conditions and physiological processes, continued to be held within the scientific and medical communities in modified form.
Thus, in 1898, the Nobel Laureate, Svante Arrhenius, published Cosmic Influences on Physiological Phenomena, while simultaneously, Sigmund Freud and his physician colleague, Wilhelm Fliess, were developing their own ideas on the nature of the extraterrestrial forces they believed influenced everything on earth, including health, and Freud was assuming he’d become what he termed: “an honorary astrologer.” (Fliess, 1906; McGillion, 1998; 2001).
In the mid twentieth century, Carl Jung was studying astrology and relating it from a variety of perspectives to his psychiatric practice (McGillion, 1997). However more practical researchers, such as Dr Franz Halberg, were studying putative interactions between living organisms and the skies and developing the sorts of concepts that helped define modern cosmobiology (Halberg, 1967; 1969).
What was lacking in all of these investigations, however, and what, in part, tarnished them with the by now unpopular taint of astrology, was the lack of a credible mechanism to explain how celestial events could interact with us biologically.
From Fliess’ work in particular which, like Aquinas’, stressed the importance of the eccentricity of the orbit of the earth, it was evident that, in order to substantiate his ideas in this respect, any “celestial” or “planetary” force would – like the horoscope used by the iatromathematicus – have to be capable of description in terms of the position of the sun, the moon and the planets at the time and place of birth. Further, such a force would also have to be evident at frequent intervals throughout life through ongoing celestial influences of a sort the iatromathematici believed influenced us on a day-to-day basis.
In the mid twentieth century, after centuries of searching by greater and lesser lights of science, such a mechanism duly arrived when the true physiological role of an anatomical structure, itself long associated with arcane matters, became known.

The Pineal Gland
At various times in the history of medicine the precise function of the small discrete pea-like structure we have in the centre of our brains, called the pineal gland, was considered to be: a memory valve, a valve controlling circulating vital fluids, the seat of the soul, and the site of a presumed pathology causing certain types of mental illness – “a stony hardness of the pineal gland” (McGillion, 1980).
In the mid nineteen fifties this confusion began to clear when the pineal gland’s true function was discovered and the nature of the link between ourselves and certain events in the skies above us was finally revealed.

The modern systematic study of the pineal gland began in 1954 when, after a review of the existing literature, Mark Altschule and Julian Kitay suggested it could be a productive area for research (Kitay & Altschule, 1954). Their comprehensive review suggested that the gland – until then generally held to be unimportant by modern scientific medicine – appeared to have a number of possible, if minor, physiological roles, many of which had been reported in the literature on the light sensitivity of certain mammals (Fiske, 1941).

Melatonin
It was soon established that the pineal gland produced a number of neuropeptides including one: 5-methoxy, N-acetyltryptamine, considered to be the most important of the pineal hormones and commonly called melatonin, (Figure 1).

The biosynthesis of melatonin was discovered to be dependent on a number of substrates and co-factors, and on the activity of a number of enzymes including the light-sensitive: hydroxy-indole-O-methyl transferase (HIOMT). (Lerner et al, 1958; 1959).
As Brownstein and Heller (1968) demonstrated, this enzyme – which catalyses the conversion of serotonin to melatonin – is modulated by nerves that impinge directly onto the pineal gland, the activity of which, in turn, depend upon input from the optic nerves. Thus a small proportion of the impulses set up in the optic nerves bypasses the main visual pathway and, instead, takes a circuitous route to the pineal. Stimulation of these nerves increases the activity of HIOMT and, hence, stimulates the synthesis of melatonin.
Bright light inhibits melatonin production by inhibiting nerve tone to the pineal, whereas darkness has the opposite effect and, by increasing neural activity to the gland, stimulates the production of melatonin. This effect of light is dependent both upon its wavelength and its intensity.
In 1973, Cardinali et al showed that red light produced minimal inhibition of melatonin synthesis, whereas green light caused maximal stimulation. In addition, illumination with a light intensity of 0.5 microwatt/cm2 for forty-eight hours produced a fifty per cent decrease in melatonin synthesis in the rat pineal gland.
By way of comparison, sunlight, which strongly inhibits melatonin production, has an intensity of around 50,000 microwatt/cm2, whereas full moonlight has an intensity of around 0.3 microwatt/cm2. (Altschule, 1975).
Because of its low light intensity, the moon was originally thought to have no effect on the production of melatonin by the pineal gland. However, as we discuss below, more recent studies have produced results that suggest there may be some link between lunar phase and the secretion of melatonin (Law, 1986).

In addition to light, other electromagnetic (EM) radiations influence melatonin production, and EM fields of varying strengths and types – including earth strength magnetic fields – have been shown to influence melatonin production to the same degree as the exposure to light does: both in vivo, and in vitro and in a number of species including humans (Reiter & Richardson, 1992; Reiter, 1993a,b; Schneider et al, 1994; Yaga et al, 1993). Further, magnetic fields of this general type have been found to be effective in directly stimulating pineal tissue (Richardson et al, 1992).

Human Studies
The change of the intensity of ambient lighting with season has long been considered to be a possible source of antigonadal activity in humans as well as animals and, in the late nineteenth century, a description was given in the medical literature of how Eskimo women ceased menstruation in the long winter nights of the Arctic (Cook, 1884).
Additional evidence was produced for a seasonal factor linked to reproduction and photoperiod when a positive bias towards summer conceptions in Finland was demonstrated, which showed an increase at more northerly latitudes. The fact that the incidence of multiple pregnancies was also increased at these latitudes strongly suggested that this was not an effect due to seasonal social influences, but that it was a true physiological effect due to an increased fertility associated with the longer periods of daylight that occur in the summer (Timonen & Carpen, 1968).
Other studies in humans suggested a possibly related phenomenon at work that also linked light to human reproductive processes. Thus Dewan (1967), and Dewan et al (1978), normalised irregular menstrual flow by using light midway through the menstrual cycle. Similarly, Elden (1971) demonstrated that, of one hundred and twenty predicted births in a sample of congenitally blind women, there was only one actual birth and, in an even larger sample, only six births occurred out of a predicted one thousand.
More recent studies have also shown that certain phenomena associated with hyperovulation – such as the incidence of twin births – are linked to both season and photoperiod. (Dionne et al, 1993; Fellman & Eriksson, 1999).

Thus with the discovery of the antigonadal activity of melatonin, and with the emergence of the fact that it was inhibited by light, we were starting to elucidate a more sophisticated mechanism to explain the effects of light-radiation on reproductive phenomena, one, moreover, that seemed to be closely related to the actual and putative effect(s) of melatonin on sexual development and hence to the effect of external EM radiation on the pineal gland.
However, one action of extraneously administered melatonin on sexual development that was identified early on by researchers in this area, appeared not only to be related to its antigonadal action, but to be dependent upon the age of the recipient when it was administered, also.

“Pre-Programming” from Birth
In a number of sophisticated studies of melatonin in animals, it appeared that, as with certain other hormones, the response of a neonatal animal to melatonin administration depended on precisely when the melatonin was administered in terms of chronological age. Thus it seemed that when melatonin was administered around the time of birth, it somehow produced changes in development that were delayed in onset until later in life and were therefore, in a biological sense, “pre-programmed” (Figure 2).

Figure 2: the “pre-programming” action of melatonin. Administration of melatonin to a neonate around the time of birth can cause developmental changes such as an inhibition or delay in the onset of secondary sexual characteristics. After a certain critical period post partum, however, – in rats six days – melatonin administraton has no such effect.

Further, these effects, which have been replicated in contemporary studies, appeared to influence both normal and pathological development (Arai, 1968; Esquifino, 1987; Vaughan & Vaughan, 1974).
It was also discovered that such changes in development did not take place if melatonin administration was delayed until a certain time after birth. Thus these delayed developmental effects of the hormone only occurred when it was administered at a set, critical time during the perinatal period.
As one researcher unambiguously stated in this context: “…alterations of the hormonal status of a neonate during a defined critical period [after birth] lead to profound sequelae in…subsequent biological function,” (Reiter et al, 1975a).
From consideration of this phenomenon it was clear that there were mechanisms involved that could potentially be of major significance to our long-term development. Thus: “neonatal administration of melatonin may cause…an abnormal secretion of biogenic amines in adulthood…” (Reiter et al, 1975b).

Such delayed-onset, or “pre-programming” effects of perinatally administered melatonin, while short lasting without reinforcement, were evident in a number of behavioural and physiological indices studied in animals, and they included, not only those associated with sexual development, but other developmental features also, including exploratory and maternal behaviour. Further, they could be produced either by the direct administration of melatonin, or by pinealectomy at birth, strongly suggesting a primary causal role for melatonin in these processes (Sampson, 1954; Sampson & Bigelow, 1971).
In addition, observations in humans where congenital blindness, or exposure to extremes of light-dark periods had been evident at the time of, and immediately after, birth, paralleled these findings; and studies in both congenitally blind women and in other groups continue to provide pertinent observations and findings in this respect (Boldsen, 1992; Commentz et al, 1997; Jaldo Alba et al, 1993a,b; Kennaway et al, 1992; Sans, 1977; Schmidt F, 1995).

Effects of Ambient Electromagnetic Radiation
Given that the production of melatonin is, amongst other things, controlled by the intensity and nature of ambient electromagnetic fields (EMFs) of geo-magnetic strength, then the intensity and orientation of the EM fields a neonate is exposed to perinatally could obviously alter the level of pineal melatonin in that neonate and, hence, influence its later development.
We know the exposure of neonatal animals to light significantly changes later melatonin secretion patterns, and we know that similar effects occur in human newborns (Fielke et al, 1994; Pelisek et al, 1994). We also know that, again, as in animals, EM radiations significantly alter circulation melatonin in humans (Graham et al, 1997; Juutilainen et al, 2000; Reiter, 1995).
There also appears to be a link between the geomagnetic field and developmental factors in humans. For example, the only significant factor that correlates with the development of epilepsy in young adults is the level of geomagnetic activity for two days after birth, and geomagnetic variables have also been considered to be a trigger for birth. There is also a significant correlation between the level of geomagnetism on, and for up to three days before, the birth of male children (Persinger & Hodge, 1999).

Hence an association between the precise time of birth and later general developmental traits might be expected and, in one of the most recent social studies of this general type, Wallace and Fisher (2001) have reported that our preference for day or night activity – i.e. whether we are a “day person” or a “night person” – appears to be determined quite simply by whether we were born during the day or born at night.
The mechanism they suggest for this predisposition is one relating to a setting of our body clock and, if true, the neonatal effects of melatonin and the light-dark sensitivity of the pineal gland discussed above could be important in this respect. Such an effect may also be related to season of birth, something we discuss in more detail below.

So, despite the many potential variables inherent in all these studies, what clearly emerges is the fact that the precise time of exposure to altered levels of melatonin, relative to the time of birth – is probably a critical factor in determining whether or not some change in development or behaviour is observed in adulthood.
In other words, exposure of a neonate to melatonin, or to factors that significantly alter circulating melatonin levels at the time of birth – such as local geomagnetic and other EM fields – can potentially lead to highly significant changes in later development.
Put simply: the place, time, and date of a child’s birth can – at least in part –determine its future development: an observation that would have been assumed by the iatromathematicus.

Magnetite
Despite our increased understanding of the functions and mechanisms of action of the pineal gland in the past few decades, the precise mechanism at a cellular level whereby electromagnetic radiation can produce biological effects was, until recently, unknown. However in the past decade or so, studies of the ferrous mineral known as magnetite, have shown that it can act as a transducer linking ambient electromagnetic activity to cellular function. In addition – in both animals and humans – magnetite has been identified in most tissues examined, including the pineal gland (Lohmann & Johnsen, 2000; Schultheiss-Grassi & Dobson, 1999).

Newborns
In part as a consequence of the potential development-modifying actions of pineal activity and melatonin on neonates, Reiter (1995) has indicated that any perturbations in electric and magnetic fields that cause a reduction in normal melatonin levels in humans could have significant physiological and pathophysiological consequences.
Such considerations have led some health professionals to re-assess the practice of exposing neonates in intensive care units and neonatal nurseries, to strong light and other EM fields, given the known, or postulated association of such exposure with breast cancer, reproductive irregularities, and depression (Glottzbach et al, 1993).

Given all of this, we should expect something else that our iatromathematicus would presumably have assumed: the existence of a quantifiable link between certain, long term developmental factor(s) in humans, and the purely physical factors that dictate the degree and type of radiation a neonate is exposed to post partum. Such physical factors include: photoperiod, local geomagnetic and other ambient EMFs, and what in great part determines these and what we shall consider here in some detail for the purposes of illustration: seasonality and the season of birth.
Seasonality
The second century Greek physician, Aretaeus of Cappadocia, in his On Airs, Waters and Places stated quite clearly that “…human diseases change along with the seasons.” This was a view shared by later scientists and physicians such as the eighteenth century English physician, Richard Meade, who stressed the importance of such seasonal factors in his seminal work, The Action of Sun and Moon In Animal Bodies. (Roos, 2000).
A number of our forebears believed that the season of conception was of some importance to our later lives and also, in contemporary epidemiological studies, there are some.htmects of development that have been looked at in this respect (Liederman & Flannery, 1994).
However, most studies of the relationship of seasonality to the subsequent development of normal or pathological traits refer to the season of birth.

Season-Of-Birth Effects
There are a great many month-of-birth and season-of-birth studies in the medical literature and they include attempts to associate this with conditions such as: diabetes (Laron et al, 1999); morning-evening preference (Natale & Adan, 1999); left or right handedness (Martin & Jones, 1999); cleft lip (Fraser & Gwyn, 1998); panic attack (Castrogiovanni et al, 1999); bulimia (Morgan & Lacey, 1999); alcoholism (Levine &Wojcik, 1999); ectopic pregnancy (Cagnacci, 1999); weight and length at birth (Wohlfahrt et al, 1998); psychiatric problems (Torrey et al, 1975) and many others.
Such studies are not always easy to analyse or interpret and they often show a diversity of results within the conditions or parameters being studied.
However, one parameter that has been both strongly and consistently associated with the season of birth for many years now – and the one we shall look at in detail to examine more fully the various seasonal factors that influence the pineal gland – is the population incidence of schizophrenia.

The Seasonality of Schizophrenia
Although the disorder termed, deficit schizophrenia, appears to shows an excess in summer births at northern latitudes (Kirkpatrick et al, 2000), there’s little doubt that there’s a tendency for people who go on to develop the psychotic disorder we generally call, schizophrenia, to be born at an increased incidence around the time of the spring (vernal) equinox in both the northern and southern hemispheres (Torrey, 1975; McGrath & Welham, 1999).
It is perhaps significant to note that this pattern of birth demonstrates a parallel with the idealised annual pattern of mammalian pineal gland activity, which, given its sensitivity to light and other EM radiations, is associated with photoperiod in a similar, seasonally related, manner (Figure 3).

Figure 3: Idealised correlation between seasonal pineal activity and schizophrenic births in the northern hemisphere.

To our physician-astrologer predecessors, this sort of pattern – on a month-to-month basis – would have borne a direct relationship to the Signs of the Zodiac (of the western, or tropical, zodiac as opposed to the sidereal zodiac that’s based on the background of fixed stars), which are effectively monthly divisions of the solar orbit. Further, the Sign of the Zodiac that astrological tradition associates with psychotic illness is the Sign of Pisces, which the sun “occupies” until precisely the day of the vernal equinox.

Both length of day and geomagnetic field fluctuate by season and both are associated with varying melatonin excretion, which peaks in June and November when low values of the geomagnetic field are recorded (Bergiannaki Joff et al, 1996).
In addition, naturally occurring EMFs that vary seasonally have also been associated with affective disorder (Sandyk et al, 1991), and at the equator, where there is no seasonal photoperiod change, the seasonal effect on schizophrenic births reportedly disappears (Parker et al, 2000).

All of this appears to be compelling evidence for a possible role of the pineal gland and melatonin in the apparent seasonal related aetiology of this disorder: a disorder, moreover, in which pineal extracts and melatonin had previously been thought to be beneficial (Altschule, 1957; Eldred et al, 1961). Obviously however, the possibility also exists that some rogue factor unconnected to pineal function but, nonetheless, related to season in some way, is associated with this effect.
It is interesting to observe that the presence of this particular seasonal pattern has led to the resurrection of iatromathematical thinking, and prompted contemporary psychiatrists to look for a correlation between schizophrenia and astrology. Indeed, a positive correlation between .htmects of schizoaffective disorder and astrological factors has recently been reported in the medical literature (Ohaeri et al, 1997).
However, a number of culprits other than astrological influences can be, and have been, suggested that could account for this putative relationship between season-of-birth and schizophrenia. They include: infectious diseases – including poliomyelitis and influenza (Battle, 1999; Suzisarari, 1999), various prenatal and perinatal factors (Geddes, 1999; Hultman et al, 1999); extremes in temperature (Mednick, 1984); exposure to EMFs, and light, (Sandyk et al, 1991); and other factors, including possible novel biochemical abnormalities (McGillion et al, 1974).

Seasonal Disorders
In other areas of psychopathology, however, there is little doubt that, at least in some cases, an overt pathological mood state is directly associated with a specific season of the year and with pineal gland function, though not specifically with the season of birth. In such cases, season and mood or other disorders are linked in a way that strongly suggests at least one prime cause could well be an influence – direct or indirect – of ambient EM radiation, including solar radiation, on the pineal gland and melatonin production (Summers & Shur, 1992; Clarke at al, 1999).
Thus, although changes in artificial lighting can have acute beneficial effects on such conditions (Hawkins, 1992), the occurrence of the depressive condition known as seasonal affective disorder (SAD), and of certain eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, appears to bear a direct relation to the seasonally induced change in daily, ambient, lighting (Rezaul, 1996).
Illumination of a type and magnitude that improves such disorders clinically is capable of changing the rhythm of melatonin excretion, and symptomatic improvement of affective disorder can be produced by light of the wavelength(s) the pineal gland is particularly sensitive to (Laakso et al, 1993; Oren et al, 1991).
Further, a reversal of seasonally induced changes in light intensity and duration, through, for example, the use of a light-box or simulation of dawn, can alter melatonin metabolism and reverse both the progression and outcome of the seasonal condition in question (Danilenko et al, 2000; Terman et al, 1998a,b).
Once again, there is probably no simple causal connection between melatonin secretion and clinical effect, as cognitive studies involving the use of what research workers have termed, “symbolic” light, can also improve these disorders, suggesting that both cognitive and physical factors are at work (Bouhuys et al, 1994).
However, the evidence for some sort of involvement of melatonin in seasonal mood and other disorders is compelling, and – given the role of ambient radiation in pineal melatonin metabolism – it seems reasonable to suggest the existence of a psycho-physical link between pineal activity and mood state; one that could, just conceivably, bear some connection to the seasonal birth effect in schizophrenia and other conditions.

Seasonal changes in melatonin levels that are directly associated with EMF intensity have been reported in the literature as indicated (Bergiannaki Joff et al, 1996), and this is suggestive of a possible linkage between: season, geomagnetic field fluctuation, melatonin production and immediate, or delayed, acute, or chronic, normal and pathophysiological states.
It is likely therefore, that, to a greater or lesser degree, the effect of such EM radiations on the human pineal gland during the perinatal period may, in some way, predispose certain children, born in a specific month and/or season, to developmental changes that, later in life, could lead to the development of physical, and/or psychological, traits related to specific pathologies, including schizophrenia.

Personality
There is also evidence to support the possibility of a, greater or lesser, biological basis of certain personality traits (Balada et al, 1993; Uvnas-Moberg et al, 1993) including those partly determined by season and by pre-natal hormonal effects (Frogon & Prokop, 1992).
If such reports are demonstrative of a causal link between early biological development and personality of the sort we referred to above in the studies on neonates, we could reasonably suggest that the season of birth, and/or the prevailing EM conditions at the time of birth, might equate with subsequent personality type through some such mechanism. Another relationship that would have been assumed by our iatromathematicus.

The Moon
The iatromathematici gave due consideration to the moon as well as the sun in terms of human physiology: the former often being associated with physical characteristics and the latter, psychical ones – a reversal of roles in terms of what later astrologers were to attribute to these “planets” (Tester,1987e). Similarly, many astrologer-physicians thought chronic diseases were associated with the sun, and acute ones with the moon (Cambden, 1930).
In more contemporary literature, there is evidence that suggests the existence of some sort of lunar effect on animals (Brown, 1968), and claims of a putative lunar effect on humans, though still controversial, continue to be reported (Cutler, 1980; Drysdale, 1999; Law, 1990; Mikulecky, 1996; Parry, 1999; Raison et al, 1999; Rotton & Kelly, 1985).
Despite this ongoing controversy, it would appear that some sort of biological effect of the moon, whether direct or indirect and of a greater or lesser significance to us, could possibly occur in humans in a number of conceivable ways of which some at least would appear to be credible scientifically.
Thus a putative effect of the moon on pineal activity such as that indicated above (Law, 1986) seems credible, as does another – that could be related – suggested through the theoretical mechanism of magnetospheric resonance, which is described below.

Other Astronomical Phenomena
In the medical and scientific literature, in addition to those reports concerning photoperiod, season, the sun and the moon, there are others of a number of more general astronomical phenomena that appear to be able to influence biological systems. Thus, sunspots (Takata, 1950), the solar wind (Randal, 1990), the regular movement of the earth through space (Piccardi, 1962), and even supernovae (Terry, 1966), have been implicated in this respect.
Perhaps importantly, a possible causal relationship between the solar wind, human birth rates, magnetism, and melatonin has also been proposed, which demonstrates troughs at the solstices and peaks at the equinoxes: the latter times being those when schizophrenic births have a greater incidence (Randal, 1990).
Additionally, one of the more general astronomical phenomena that reportedly influence biological systems has a peak in March and a lesser peak in September: again, a parallel with the findings on the incidence of schizophrenic births (Piccardi, 1962).
The Planets
For many years there have also been a variety of suggestions as to how the planets might influence us here on earth, though some of these findings and their suggested mechanisms of action have now been disputed and others put in a more appropriate context than they were perhaps assigned to formerly (Dean, 1976).
However, some astronomers have suggested that certain planets may influence the solar wind and solar and geophysical EM fields – collectively termed the magnetosphere – in a predictable manner through a resonance type effect (Seymour, 1988).
Such an effect is observed with the moon and the tides, an example of this being the tidal range in the Bay of Fundy, which varies between a few feet and sixty feet as a consequence of resonance phenomena that are linked to lunar movements at that location (Seymour 2000, personal communication). So, if there is a significant effect of certain planets on EM fields, of a type known to influence the pineal gland, it’s just possible the positions of certain planets at the time of our birth could also, to a greater or lesser degree through the perinatal actions of melatonin, influence our development and behaviour from the time of our birth as physician-astrologers have claimed for centuries

Size of Effects
Any influence of the planets on the magnetosphere that was based in a simple manner on the laws of gravitation would be infinitesimally small. However, the possibility of resonance effects suggests that through “tidal effects” of the gravitational forces of the planets interacting with the sun, moon and the solar wind affecting the magnetosphere; changes in local geomagnetism could cause changes in biological systems, including those in the newborn. Indeed there are reported correlations between the sun and moon, other celestial bodies, and geomagnetism (Mikulecky et al, 1996).

In this general context it is relevant to mention that in addition to purely solar or lunar phenomena, certain types of extraterrestrial influence involving both sun and moon appear to affect us to a degree where some people appear to be more susceptible to death due to heart attack (Sitar, 1989).
Despite these more specific considerations concerning the origins of the various astronomical influences on us, one researcher suggests that it isn’t necessarily productive to isolate and separate those that originate from the various terrestrial and extraterrestrial sources. Instead, it’s suggested we should attempt to integrate these through a series of experimental models; though caution in so doing is urged because: ”this may lead to popularisation of astrology which has nothing in common with serious research.” (Sitar, 1994).

Day-to-Day Effects of EMFs
There is now also a large body of work that suggests that changes in geomagnetic, and other, radiations in an individual’s immediate environment could – mainly it seems through actions on the temporal lobe of the brain – produce subjective experiences in humans that, certainly in some cases, could approach hallucinatory status (Persinger, 1995).
It has even been credibly suggested that there could be an association between wars, increased solar-geomagnetic activity and aggression (Persinger, 1999): in general terms, the sort of qualitative relationship between celestial force and political or military action, that the mathematici or magi, were traditionally consulted about.
Research in this general area of applied EMFs to human volunteers has also suggested the possible involvement of melatonin in both the objective and subjective phenomena produced by such fields (O’Connor & Persinger, 1996; 1999; Persinger, 1993), an association that is consistent with melatonin’s known sensitivity to these.
Hence, if astronomical factors do regularly alter such fields in a physiologically significant manner, we might well expect them, not only to be capable of influencing development in the long-term in neonates in a manner determined by the date, time and place of birth, but also to be capable of producing day-to-day changes in objective and subjective parameters in people of any age: precisely the sorts of conditions for “celestial” or “planetary” influences required by such as Fliess and the iatromathematici.
The existence of such acute changes is reminiscent of the possible role of sunlight and other EM radiations in SAD and other seasonal disorders. However, in the case of those that influence the temporal lobe and melatonin, their effect on us could well be a great deal more subtle in terms of effect than the gross mood changes seen, for example, in SAD.
Accordingly, when it comes to considering the possible effect on us of “celestial” and “planetary” influences other than the sun, to quote Sir Francis Bacon: the stars may “…rather incline than compel.” (Tester, 1987f).

Conclusion
It is evident that the consideration of the diverse factors that influence the activity of the pineal gland, including those that occur in the skies above us at and around the time of birth, might help us discover hitherto unknown relationships between these and our later development.
The sun, and possibly the moon – considered to be earth’s planets by our forebears – influence the pineal gland and its major hormone, melatonin which can in turn influence development. It is possible that some of the planets could do the same by way of a planetary resonance effect on the magnetosphere.
Further, the place, time and date of our birth – the essential foundations of the horoscope – determine our environment in terms of the intensity and type of light and other electromagnetic radiations we’re exposed to: thus also partly determining neonatal melatonin levels at birth.
Many of the above factors are also potentially related to certain types of subjective experience we may have due to ambient electromagnetic effects on our temporal lobes – again perhaps facilitated by alterations in melatonin metabolism. These could also predispose to, and/or cause influences on our mood, and other, states on a day-to-day basis.

Such considerations may provide a rational basis for many, though possibly not all, of the traditional belief system of the practitioners of medical astrology, the iatromathematici. They probably also give us a firm biophysical basis for the proto-cosmobiological theories of scientists and physicians like Svante Arrhenius and Wilhelm Fliess, as they undoubtedly do for many of the findings of the more modern, established science of cosmobiology.

In other words, many of the medical and physiological associations that have, for millennia, been thought to exist between celestial phenomena and ourselves, are probably not those of arcane astrological influence, or of some other esoteric quality of celestial phenomena. They are almost certainly the result of the effect of known physical forces on the pineal gland and melatonin, both at, and around, the time of our birth and, quite possibly, throughout the course of our life.

Thus, although the rationale may be different, and the context in cosmological terms considerably altered, it’s all very much like the practitioners of the ancient art of iatromathematica said it was.

Acknowledgements
I’d like to thank Eve McGillion B.A. for her assistance in the preparation of the manuscript and for translating original material; Dr Geoffrey Dean, for critical comment, and Professor Chris Bagley, for initially suggesting I prepare this paper.

The author is a member of the Research Colloquium on Astrology based at the University of Southampton, U.K. Enquiries on this paper should be emailed to: frank.mcgillion@btinternet.com

“This article was first published in the Journal of Scientific Exploration (2002), Vol. 16, No. 1 pp 19-38 and then, with the kind permission of the author and JSE editor-in-chief, Henry Bauer, reproduced in Correlation (2002/2003), Vol. 21 No. 1 pp 45-61.”

http://www.astrology-research.net/researchlibrary/Iatr/pineal.htm

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Rick Strassman’s Upcoming Documentary DMT The Spirit Molecule


Rick Strassman was permitted to embark on the first human research with psychedelic, hallucinogenic, or entheogenic substances in the 1990s in the United States after 20 years’ intermission in the field. In the intermission period it has only been legally possible to research on animals.
Strassman’s studies investigated the effects of N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT), a powerful entheogen, or psychedelic, that he theorizes is a substance produced by the human brain in the pineal gland and an active ingredient in the Ayahuasca brew. Ayahuasca is any of the various psychoactive infusions or decoctions prepared from the Banisteriopsis spp. vine, native to the Amazon Rainforest (which is also called ayahuasca). The resulting drinks are pharmacologically complex and used for shamanic, folk-medicinal, and religious purposes. Occidental ethno-biologists have noted a variety of 200-300 plants used in the different brews made by the Ayahuasceras. It is an open question whether Ayahuasca should be noted as one particular shamanic medicinal brew, or that it should be noted as an entire medicinal tradition alongside, for instance, Ayurveda or Tibetan Medicine.
During the project’s five years, he administered approximately 400 doses of DMT to 60 human volunteers. This research took place at theUniversity of New Mexico’s School of Medicine in Albuquerque, New Mexico where he was tenured Associate Professor of Psychiatry. Strassman has conjectured that when a person is approaching death, thepineal gland releases DMT, accounting for much of the imagery reported by survivors of near-death experiences.
Strassman wrote about the research program in his book DMT: The SpiritMolecule. A documentary movie based on this book is currently in production.
Dr. Rick Strassman writes …
Cottonwood Research Foundation ( http://cottonwoodresearch.org/ )
The Cottonwood Research Foundation, Inc.
PO Box 1100, Taos, New Mexico, 87571
cottonwood@cottonwoodresearch.org
Rick Strassman MD, President
Steve Barker PhD, Vice-President
Andrew Stone, Treasurer
Dear Friends:
Consciousness is a subject of increasing scientific inquiry in the West. One particular aspect of this research involves how psychoactive medicines affect consciousness. We at the Cottonwood Research Foundation will begin to address some of the most perplexing mysteries of the human mind with the aid of plant-based psychoactive compounds. For example, What are the varieties of human consciousness, and their genetic, biochemical and physiological bases? What are the medical, social, and spiritual implications of these different states, and how can we best apply these states towards healing, creativity, and greater wisdom?
For thousands of years, historical and indigenous cultures have used plant medicines to reliably induce extraordinarily compelling non-ordinary and mystical states of consciousness. Western science has only begun to tap the vast resources of traditional knowledge regarding these plants and their effects. By bringing to bear multiple scientific, anthropological, and spiritual perspectives, we will pursue several important goals: 1) develop a more thorough understanding of these plantsâ?? psychological and physical healing properties; 2) explore the states they elicit, in order to gain a deeper and broader understanding of the range of human consciousness; 3) determine how plant-based psychoactive medicines affect consciousness; and 4) clarify the role these compounds, found in our own bodies, play in dreams, mystical and near-death states, creativity, and mental illness.
The work I performed during the early-1990â??s at the University of New Mexico with DMT, a naturally occurring psychoactive, was the first new clinical research with these compounds in the US in two decades. Our founding of Cottonwood is intended to help revitalize the lagging pace of American research with this and other classical psychoactive compounds since my studies were interrupted in 1995.
We have already started our first research project. Our vice-president Dr. Steven Barker at Louisiana State University is developing a new ultra-sensitive method of measuring naturally occurring DMT and related compounds in the body. By doing so, we will be able to compare normal levels with those found in naturally occurring highly altered states and clinical conditions. We also held our inaugural fund-raiser in Taos, in which Beatriz Labate, a noted Brazilian anthropologist, presented her field research concerning the burgeoning Brazilian ayahuasca religions movement.
Our most enduring legacy will be the establishment of a thriving, independent research center in northern New Mexico structured in the manner of an institute of higher learning, with treatment, education, and research departments and activities. This campus will include living and dining accommodations, research, laboratory, and information technologyfacilities, a greenhouse, library, and classrooms. Integral to our vision is a vigorous exchange program with indigenous healers and teachers, which will inform our development of new models for the study and application of plant-based psychoactive medicines.
We invite you to help us build a strong foundation for a new model of consciousness studies in the West. It is only with your support and involvement that we can make this dream a reality.
We welcome any and all contributions, monetary or in-kind. All donations are tax deductible, as Cottonwood is a 501(c)3 tax-exempt organization. ( http://cottonwoodresearch.org/Donate.html )
With warm regards,
Rick Strassman MD
President and Co-Founder
Erik Davis
Dennis McKenna
DMT: The Spirit Molecule, the documentary (http://thespiritmolecule.com/ )
Allison Grey
Alex Grey
Rick Strassman
Daniel Pinchbeck
Graham Hancock
Robert Weisz
Ralph Metzner
Stan Grof
Andrew Stone
Marko Rodriguez
Antonopoulos Spiros
Slawek Wojtowicz
Dave Nichols
Steven Barker
SYNOPSIS
THE SPIRIT MOLECULE weaves an account of Dr. Rick Strassman’s groundbreaking DMT research through a multifaceted approach to this intriguing hallucinogen found in the human brain and hundreds of plants. Utilizing interviews with a variety of experts to explain their thoughts and experiences with DMT within their respective fields, and discussions with Strassmanâ??s research volunteers brings to life the awesome effects of this compound, and far-reaching theories regarding its role in human consciousness .
Several themes explored include possible roles for endogenous DMT; its theoretical role in near-death and birth experiences, alien-abduction experiences; and the uncanny similarities in Biblical prophetic texts describing DMT-like experiences. Our expert contributors offer a comprehensive collection of information, opinions, and speculation about indigenous use of DMT, the history and future of psychedelic research, and current DMT research. All this, to help us understand the nature of the DMT experience, and its role in human society and evolution.
The subtle combination of science, spirituality, and philosophy within the filmâ??s approach sheds light on an array of ideas that could considerably alter the way humans understand the universe and their relationship to it.

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Pineal Gland DNA Activation 2012 Awakening

Some call it the 3rd eye or the mind’s eye, thepineal gland was the last endocrine gland to have it’s functions discovered as it is located deep at the center of the brain, almost hidden away like it were a secret from which comes the word secretion, which is what the pineal gland does. It secretes the hormone melatonin which affects our wake / sleep patterns, photoperiodic (seasonal / circadian) functions and also activates the dormant codons in our DNA often referred to as ‘Junk DNA’. Melatonin affects our biorhythms and the aging process …

The Pineal Gland is found to have piezoelectric calcitecrystals which act like transmitters or recievers to channel light or information coming through in waves from the centre of the galaxy or any other resonating transdimensional entities. What may seem as an unusual tickling sensation at the frontal lobe is simply the activation of the Ajna Chakra or the Pineal Gland. We are evolving into multi-sensory entities, beginning to see beyond the limiting 5 senses and awakening our 6th sense, the all seeing mind’s eye !

The Human Pineal Gland & the shifting human consciousness ….

Dr.Rick Strassman On The Pineal Gland in the Documentary DMT – The Spirit Molecule ….

Time to empower the spirit and connect with the Oneness in all creation !

The human brain also produces DMT (N,N-dimethyltryptamine) a naturally occurring tryptamine and potent psychedelic, found also in most plants … Dr. Rick Strassman wrote a book called “DMT – The Spirit Molecule” which describes the effects of DMT and how it is closely related to human neurotransmitters such as serotonin and melatonin affecting primarily our dream state. DMT creates a dream state which is like slipping into a different realm(s), other parallel realities …

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ILLEGAL DRUGS

IN THE BIBLE

AND IN YOU !

GREEK WRITERS KNEW OF THE PINEAL GLAND

AND SO DID JACOB OF THE BIBLE

Jacob wrestles with an angel.

THE QUESTION

WAS THIS MAN WHO WRESTLED WITH THE ANGEL

HIGH ON SOMETHING

OTHER THEN THE SPIRIT ?


THE PLACE OF ENLIGHTENMENT IS PINEAL

Jacob sees God face to face, and calls the place Peniel

And Jesus also identifies the place of enlightenment.

THE SINGLE EYE IS THE PINEAL GLAND OF THE BRAIN

Jacob was filled with light at Peniel, because he saw God face to face, and God is light.


DRUGS

ILLEGAL DRUGS IN YOU, RIGHT NOW !

Your whole body shall be full of light says Jesus, and  the single eye or Pineal, secretes DMT into the brain, and DMT is an illegal hallucinogenic called dimethyltriptamine

So it would seem reasonable for us to assume that there is set apart from our 3 dimensional physical reality, a reality where God dwells, and which is only accessible when one transcends the limits of the human brain.

This in no way suggests that one should take drugs of any kind.

YOU DON’T HAVE TO TAKE DRUGS

THEY’RE BUILT IN

God has built in  DMT to the human brain, and it is available to take you where you need to go.

What you must do is consume yourself in meditation, and this is something that most people have a stiff reluctance to do.


HEAVENLY MANNA WILL CERTAINLY GET YOU HIGH

When we previously discussed this element of God, or spirits ,or angels, or those who have passed on,  being accessible only when one is high preferably through naturally secreted DMT, we discussed the question of bread from heaven.

Manna.

Scientific research tells us that manna is actually a hallucinogen.

Knowing this we should have a better idea where the bizarre Biblical stories come from.


THE BIBLE PROPHETS WERE STONED !

BUT NOT WITH ROCKS

This is so critically important because if indeed the Biblical prophets were stoned, and hallucinating, then our holy book is one that may indeed tell us of the bizarre nature of the sub atomic we refer to as Heaven, or the place of angels and God.

The manna is described in the Book of Exodus.

THAT ABOVE DESCRIPTION FITS MAGIC MUSHROOMS

That is the description from the Bible concerning manna.

Found in the early morning, and if left , it rots, fills with worms, and smells.

Now compare this with the description of something not mentioned in name by the Bible.

THERE IS YOUR MANNA

FOOD FROM GOD THAT TAKES YOU PLACES YOU CAN’T GET TO

ANY OTHER WAY

The Bible description provides all the unique characteristics of mushrooms.

The  proposal is that the Biblical manna was actually mushrooms, and of course it became the food of the Gods, as it was referred to, because people were having hallucinations as a result of ingesting it.

It certainly gives the statement, manna from heaven, a whole new meaning doesn’t it?

No wonder Moses wandered in the desert 40 years, he didn’t want to leave !


THIS MAGIC MUSHROOM MANNA WAS HIDDEN AWAY

IN A VERY SPECIAL PLACE

The Biblical manna description is the same as the description of mushrooms, and the fact that this manna was kept in the most holy place as described  in the Bible,  gives credence to the fact that the Biblical prophets were high on something.

Let us look at the mushroom as a hallucinogenic from Wikipedia.

ABOVE. Mushrooms that  contains psychedelic substances psilocybin

and other psychoactive tryptamines.

PSYCHEDELIC MUSHROOMS

CONTAIN THE SAME STUFF THAT IS IN YOUR PINEAL GLAND

Where it identifies a psychoactive tryptamine in the first paragraph, keep in mind that the drug secreted by the pineal gland into the brain is dimethyltryptamine.

ABOVE : Users experience a connection with a higher power. John Hopkins University

studied the spiritual effects.

MUSHROOMS AND A SPIRITUAL FEELING OF HIGHER POWER

I want you to look closely at the first paragraph above where people experience intense feelings of being connected with a higher power, and it is believed that this is what is referred to in the Bible as the Bread of God.


REPORT FROM JOHN HOPKINS UNIVERSITY

Now let us look at the results of the mushroom test at John Hopkins.

ABOVE : John Hopkins University test results. One third reported the most

spiritually significant experience of their lifetimes. Two thirds said it was among

the top five most significant spiritual experiences.

USERS CAN LOSE TOUCH WITH REALITY

OR ARE THEY IN TOUCH WITH A REALITY THE REST OF US ONLY PRAY TO


ANGELS FOOD

ABOVE: Bible, How manna tasted. Man ate angels food. It was kept in a golden

pot in the Holy of Holies, where only the HIGH PRIEST could get at it..

IT SURE WAS ANGELS FOOD

The evidence is very strong that the manna was mushroom, and that it certainly could be the source of the visions experienced by Bible writers, and prophets.


HALLUCINATIONS ARE THE PRODUCT OF SPIRIT

WHICH IS THE PRODUCT OF SUBSTANCE

What I want to share with you is a fact, and a very important fact.

We are talking about  hallucinations, as being very possibly what we have been raised to consider as spirit, or God, or angels, or Holy Spirit, etc.

The hallucinatory drug DMT is naturally produced within the human brain.

Now consider this.

What is the scientific name for hallucinatory drugs such as DMT?


ENTHEOGEN IS THE SCIENTIFIC NAME

FOR PSYCHODELIC PLANTS

ABOVE: An entheogen is plant matter with hallucinogenic effects.  Alterations

of consciousness similar to those of shamans.

Hence Manna.


THE ORIGIN OF THE WORD ENTHEOGEN

ABOVE: THE WORD ENTHEOGEN FROM THE ANCIENT GREEK MEANING

“THAT WHICH GENERATES GOD WITHIN  A PERSON”

A plant substance which provides a hallucination is called an entheogen, which literally means something that generates God within a person.


HOLY COMMUNION WAS ONCE ENTHEOGEN

Now what is also interesting, is that taking the wafer of communion which is certainly not a hallucinogenic experience, was approached differently in earlier times.

ABOVE: In early Christianity, the bread and wine of communion fits the description of an

entheogenic substance.

The Eucharist induced the Holy Splirit as a shared unity experience in the mystic altered state.

In order to pursue the reality of this I want to introduce you to psychoanalyst Dan Merkur


MEET DAN MERKUR

DAN MERKURS CREDENTIALS

ABOVE: He obviously is a credible witness with good credentials.

Dan Merkur and his book

THE PSYCHEDELIC SACRAMENT

These are the various points that Dan Merkur makes in the book relative to his evaluation of the Bible, and its connection with hallucinogenics.

ABOVE :Secret teachings of Judeo Christian traditions promote the use of

psychedelic substances to enhance religious experiences. The manna in the

wilderness was psychedelic. Religious people over the centuries have secretly

known the experience of manna and what it was.

ABOVE: The traditions of visionary mysticism. Teachings of the ancients

Rabbi Moses Maimonides and St. Bernard spoke of special meditations to

be performed while partaking of the psychedelic sacrament.

These activities combine the revelatory power of psychedelics with the

rational exercise of the mind allowing the seeker to reach a state of

religious transcendence.


WE SHOULD NOW HAVE A CLEARER UNDERSTANDING

ABOUT THOSE IN THE BIBLE THAT HAD VISIONS

I researched Moses Maimonides and could not find a reference to the meditation which Merkur refers to, but of course that does not mean he did not find it somewhere.

I have read reviews of his book and I do not find anyone challenging him on this.

Let us consider the Bible for a moment, and let us consider the fact that so many people of this generation, and ones before who turned out to be significant contributors to the culture etc, turned out to be taking drugs.

Wouldn’t that apply to Biblical characters as well?


PSYCHEDELIC PLANTS

These are all psychedelic plants.

They certainly were around during Biblical times, and the Bible itself testifies to this fact.

It testifies to the fact that Bible heroes used psychedelics.


IN THE BIBLE

JACOBS WIFE SWAPS HIM TO ANOTHER WOMAN

FOR SOME POT

Leah was married to Jacob.

Leah and Jacob had a son by the name of Reuben.

A pretty young thing named Rachel broke that marriage  up and moved in  with Jacob.

Leah the ex wife moved out but lived next doorf.

This is what happened.

ABOVE:  Reuben gave mandrakes to his mother Leah. These are psychedelic plants.

Jacobs wife Rachel tells Leah, his ex wife  that she will let Leah sleep with Jacob tonight

if Leah will give her some of the Mandrakes.

THIS IS A BIBLE STORY

YOU GIVE ME THE POT AND I’LL LET YOU USE MY HUSBAND TONIGHT

ABOVE: LEAH MEETS HER EX HUSBAND JACOB,

SHE TELLS HIM THAT SHE BOUGHT HIS SERVICES FOR THE NIGHT

BY SELLING SOME POT TO HIS WIFE RACHEL.

SO JACOB SLEPT WITH HIS EX WIFE THAT NIGHT

This  tale of sex and drugs is recorded in the Bible, and in this particular case it was over a bunch of mandrakes.


WHAT ARE MANDRAKES ?

ABOVE MANDRAKES ARE PLANTS THAT ARE STRONGLY NARCOTIC

Jacob, the hero of the Bible who was into wife swapping was also into smoking psychedelics.

Is it any wonder that the Bible has stories of him wrestling all night with an angel and then watching angels going up and down a ladder in the desert.

Think of that.

The guy in the Bible who had psychedelics used in his home, wrestles with an angel, observes  angels going up and down the stairs, and sees God face to face.

IT GIVES PEOPLE GETTING STONED IN THE BIBLE

A WHOLE DIFFERENT MEANING

DOESN’T IT?

There is certainly enough evidence to suggest that some of the scripture we have been raised with, and consider most holy comes from the fried minds of people who were stoned on psychedelic substances.

That does not necessarily mean that what was written in the scripture was not true.

The things they saw. the really saw.

But how they saw them is fun part.


BIBLE STORIES WERE ABOUT PEOPLE SEEING INTO DIFFERENT DIMENSIONS

WHILE UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF PSYCHEDELICS

What it does mean, is that it is not true from a literal sense, but certainly can be pointing us to an alien world of very strange things that can only be reached when the mind is detached from the 3 dimension physical reality we occupy now.

But what have we taken as our directions for quality of life and moral standards?

We have great question concerning the origin of the things written in the Bible which is the foundation for so many people.

Is it possible that all of those strange things in the Bible were the result of people ingesting things that made them hallucinate

If you feel offended by the thought of Biblical people being high on psychedelics, ask yourself.

How else would it be possible for the human brain to allow you to see into the other world?


WHAT SHOULD YOU DO?

Don’t take drugs.

You already have yours in the pineal gland or single eye.

Go into meditation.

As Jesus said, when the single eye is activated, you will be filled with light.

Natural DMT from the pineal will open your window on heaven

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Pineal Gland Our Third Eye: The Biggest cover-up in human history

The pineal gland (also called the pineal body, epiphysis cerebri, epiphysis or the “third eye”) is a small endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain. It produces the serotonin derivative melatonin, a hormone that affects the modulation of wake/sleep patterns and seasonal functions. Its shape resembles a tiny pine cone (hence its name), and it is located near the center of the brain, between the two hemispheres, tucked in a groove where the two rounded thalamic bodies join.

The Secret : What they don’t want you to KNOW!

Every human being’s Pineal Gland or The third eye can be activated to spiritual world frequencies and enables you to have the sense of all knowing, godlike euphoria and oneness all around you. A pineal gland once tuned into to proper frequencies with help of meditation, yoga or various esoteric, occult methods, enables a person to travel into other dimensions, popularly known as astral travel or astral projection or remote viewing.

With more advance practice and ancient methods it is also possible to control the thoughts and actions of people in the physical world. Yes, it is bizarre, but the United States, former Soviet Union governments and various shadow organization have been doing this type of research for ages and have succeed far beyond our imagination.

Pineal Gland is represented in Catholicism in Rome; they depict the pineal as a pine cone in art. The ancient societies like the Egyptians and the Romans knew the benefits and exemplified this in their vast symbologies with a symbol of an eye.

Pineal Gland reference is also in back of the U.S. dollar bill with what is called the ‘all seeing eye’, which is a reference to the ability of an individual (or group of individuals) to use this gland and go to the other side (spiritual world) and possibly control the thoughts and actions of people in the physical world by knowing what they are thinking at all times in our physical world.

Various research being conducted so far confirms that there are certain periods in the night, between the hours of one and four in the morning where chemicals are released in the brain that bring about feelings of connectedness to one’s higher source.

The Conspiracy : How they are Killing your Pineal Gland

In the late 90′s, a scientist by the name of Jennifer Luke carries out the first study the effects of sodium fluoride on the pineal gland. She determined that the pineal gland, located in the middle of the brain, was a target for fluoride. The pineal gland simply absorbed more fluoride than any other physical matter in the body, even bones.
Pineal gland is like a magnet to sodium fluoride. This calcifies the gland and makes it no longer effective in balancing the entire hormonal processes through the body.

Various Researches every since have proved Sodium Fluoride goes to the most important gland in the brain? It’s the only thing that attacks the most important center of our gland in the brain. It’s prevalent in foods, beverages and in our bath and drinking water. Sodium Fluoride is put in 90% of the United States water supply. Water filters you buy in supermarkets do not take the fluoride out. Only reverse osmosis or water distillation. The cheapest way is to buy a water distiller.

Sodium Fluoride is in our water supply, food, pepsi, coke, to dumb down the masses, literally!.  The fluoride was introduced into the water by the Nazis and the Russians in their concentration camps to make the camp population docile and do not question authority.

I am not a conspiracy theorist, but I believe that if you take away the seat of the soul, this disconnects our oneness with our god and power of our source our spirituality and turn us into a mundane slave of secret societies, shadow organizations and the control freak corporate world.

I like to end my article with this quote..

“Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it. Do not believe in anything simply because it is spoken and rumored by many. Do not believe in anything simply because it is found written in your religious books. Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders. Do not believe in traditions because they have been handed down for many generations. But after observation and analysis, when you find that anything agrees with reason and is conducive to the good and benefit of one and all, then accept it and live up to it.”

- :Buddha

bann01

The very mention of the term “pineal gland” creates a mysterious aura. Renowned French philosopher, physiologist, physicist, natural scientist and mathematician Rene Descartes (1596-1650) called it “the seat of the soul.” Others believe it is the Centrum that carries the “life code” and conveys orders to the body. Recent academic studies have found that the pineal gland contains light-sensitive cells which function like those of the eye’s retina, testifying to the fact that the pineal gland can “see.” Thus, it is also known as the “third eye.” Modern research on melatonin production by the pineal gland has unraveled its mysteries to some extent.

The Pineal Gland and Melatonin

The pineal gland is a flat, cone-shaped organ about the size of a pea lying in the center of the midbrain. It reaches its largest mass during childhood, but calcifies and shrinks with age.

Melatonin production by the pineal gland is determined by the amount of light received, for the gland plays the role of a bodily clock, due to its sensitivity to light and regulation of the sleep-wake cycle. During nighttime sleep, melatonin levels in the body rise, reaching a peak between 11 PM and 2 AM, and then drop dramatically when a new day dawns.

Melatonin production is related to age, increasing at three months after birth, peaking at the age of six, and beginning to drop after puberty.

The Effect of Melatonin on the Human Body

Melatonin has a simple chemical structure, but it plays a decisive role in bodily functions, monitoring the work of the glands and organs, and regulating hormone production. It also controls over-stimulation of the sympathetic nerves to lower blood pressure and slow the heart rate, thus reducing the impact on the heart. It also alleviates mental stress, improves sleep, adjusts the body’s biological clock, relieves jet lag, strengthens immunity, increases the body’s resistance to germs and viruses, and prevents cancer and senile dementia.

Melatonin production is inversely proportional to that of serotonin, a chemical that constricts the blood vessels and acts as a neurotransmitter. The mind is most active during the day, when it runs wild and is distracted, resulting in an increase in the amount of serotonin required by the nerve cells. During the night or meditation, when the mind is less active, less serotonin and more melatonin are produced, and the situation changes. However, when the eyes perceive light, melatonin production is reduced. This is why night workers and those who sleep with the light on have a lower immunity to disease and a higher propensity to develop cancer than others.

Two studies in the U.S. have shown that bright light at night reduces melatonin production and induces estrogen secretion in women, which in turn increases the incidence of breast cancer among female night workers. Research on infants who died from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) found that the babies had underdeveloped pineal glands, which lowered melatonin levels and weakened the brain’s ability to deal with free radicals (molecules with an unpaired electron), thus making the brain vulnerable to free radical damage. Another study on children and adult hypochondria suggests that the melatonin levels of psychiatric patients are lower than those of healthy people.

The Origin of Melatonin

Melatonin exists in small quantities in many plant species, including oats, sweet corn, rice, ginger, tomatoes, bananas and barley. Intake of other foods such as kelp, soy beans, pumpkin seeds, water melon seeds, almonds, peanuts, yeast, malt, and milk helps to increase the body’s melatonin production.

Lower food intake ensures normal melatonin levels. Research shows that old mice given less food have healthy pineal glands like those of young mice, and can regulate melatonin production. Their melatonin levels are 80 percent of those found in young mice, compared to 40 percent for old mice without food restriction.

Conclusion

Although melatonin has a significant effect on the human body, no definite conclusions have been reached about whether melatonin supplements are beneficial to health. Research shows that melatonin production is higher in women who meditate. Big-toe exercises also stimulate melatonin production. Physical exercise during the day increases melatonin levels, while night exercises have the opposite effect. Therefore, it is advisable to eat less, meditate, exercise regularly during daylight hours and lead a disciplined life.

bann01

 


 

Pineal Gland and Flouride: The Biggest Cover-Up in Human History

Pineal Gland and Flouride: The Biggest Cover-Up in Human History

August 8, 2012 – The pineal gland (also called the pineal body, epiphysis cerebri, epiphysis or the “third eye”) is a small endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain. It produces the serotonin derivative melatonin, a hormone that affects the modulation of wake/sleep patterns and seasonal functions. Its shape resembles a tiny pine cone (hence its name), and it is located near the center of the brain, between the two hemispheres, tucked in a groove where the two rounded thalamic bodies join.
The Secret: What they don’t want you to KNOW!
Every human being’s Pineal Gland or The third eye can be activated to spiritual world frequencies and enables you to have the sense of all knowing, godlike euphoria and oneness all around you. A pineal gland once tuned into to proper frequencies with help of meditation, yoga or various esoteric, occult methods, enables a person to travel into other dimensions, popularly known as astral travel or astral projection or remote viewing.
With more advance practice and ancient methods it is also possible to control the thoughts and actions of people in the physical world. Yes, it is bizarre, but the United States, former Soviet Union governments and various shadow organization have been doing this type of research for ages and have succeed far beyond our imagination.
Pineal Gland is represented in Catholicism in Rome; they depict the pineal as a pine cone in art. The ancient societies like the Egyptians and the Romans knew the benefits and exemplified this in their vast symbologies with a symbol of an eye.
In the late 90′s, a scientist by the name of Jennifer Luke carries out the first study the effects of sodium fluoride on the pineal gland. She determined that the pineal gland, located in the middle of the brain, was a target for fluoride. The pineal gland simply absorbed more fluoride than any other physical matter in the body, even bones.
Pineal gland is like a magnet to sodium fluoride. This calcifies the gland and makes it no longer effective in balancing the entire hormonal processes through the body.
Various Researches every since have proved Sodium Fluoride goes to the most important gland in the brain? It’s the only thing that attacks the most important center of our gland in the brain. It’s prevalent in foods, beverages and in our bath and drinking water. Sodium Fluoride is put in 90% of the United States water supply. Water filters you buy in supermarkets do not take the fluoride out. Only reverse osmosis or water distillation. The cheapest way is to buy a water distiller.
Sodium Fluoride is in our water supply, food, pepsi, coke, to dumb down the masses, literally!. The fluoride was introduced into the water by the Nazis and the Russians in their concentration camps to make the camp population docile and do not question authority.

( via sott.net )

Sources and more information:

Fluoridation makes us stupid and unhealthy

Duh! I have read so much about fluoride and its dangers and if you have been following me for a while, you will know that I have blogged about this before. This study is just as scary as the rest of what I have said. Read on…. “A recent Chinese study concluded that low dose sodium fluoride in drinking water diminishes IQ, especially among…

Read more: http://www.disclose.tv/news/Pineal_Gland_and_Flouride_The_Biggest_CoverUp_in_Human_History/85737#ixzz23KwSfM5z

WAKE UP — HITLER USED FLUORIDE AGAINST THE JEWS TO KEEP THEM PASSIVE, SEDATED, DOCILE AND EASY TO CONTROL.
The pineal gland is outside the blood brain barrier, it has the second highest blood flow in the body, second to the kidneys. There is more fluoride in the pineal gland than any other organ in the body.
When Luke had the pineal gland from 11 human corpses analyzed, she found the levels of fluoride in the apatite crystals averaged about 9,000 ppm and went as high as 21,000 ppm. The average level is as high as you would expect in the bones of someone afflicted with skeletal fluorosis.
THIS IS THE ANTIDOTE TO GET THE FLUORIDE OUT OF THE PINEAL GLAND AND CHELATE THE ALUMINUM, BARIUM, FLUORIDE, CADMIUM, LEAD, ETC OUT OF THE BODY AND RE-MINERALIZE THE BODY WITH ORGANIC MINERALS.
READ ABOUT SHILAJIT
http://www.jivaka.com/org/docs/paper/Ta … 0Paper.pdf
The fulvic acid in Shilajit makes elemental minerals more absorbable by complexing them (refines, purifies, combines and re-refines) into organic, ionic forms that are easily transported into and through membranes and cell walls. Once the nutrients meld into the fulvic acid complex, they become bioactive and bioavailable.
Consumption of Shilajit by humans for many years has shown that organic minerals will not build up in the body tissues as do metallic minerals. The following observations and theories describe the reasons why: Cells have the ability to accept or reject minerals, including aluminum, lead, arsenic, mercury, etc., at their discretion when presented as organic fulvic acid complexes.
The fulvic acid in Shilajit carries complexed minerals in “trace” amounts only, and should not be confused with metallic minerals. Fulvic acid has the ability to complex and remove toxic metals and other minerals from the system. After you consume one kilo of Shilajit you will be out of the matrix.
Want all the FACTS Buy the Book Shilajit in Perspective
http://www.amazon.com/Shilajit-Perspect … 184265313X
If your body is not Ph balanced, it will reject most minerals.
CHEMTRAILS ARE MASS MURDER
These dim-witted, unscrupulous, hedonistic dejected street urchins are Spraying the Entire Globe with Barium Oxide and Aluminum Oxide under the guise that scientists have figured out how to reduce global warming.
Barium Oxide is a systemic poison that competes with potassium in the nervous system. It causes severe irritation of the gastrointestinal tract, tightness in the muscles of the face and neck, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, muscular tremors, anxiety, weakness, labored breathing, cardiac irregularity, convulsions, and death from cardiac and respiratory failure. Barium damages kidneys, blood and blood forming organs and the brain.
Barium also Knocks Out the Immune System
Aluminum is a protoplasmic poison and a pernicious and persistent neurotoxin. Aluminum affects diverse metabolic reactions.
Aluminum is Toxic to Osteoblasts and Directly Inhibits Skeletal Mineralization
Fluoride Exacerbates Aluminums Inhibition of Mineralization
Fluoride Helps Aluminum Cross the Blood-Brain Barrier
Read more: http://www.disclose.tv/forum/the-antidote-to-get-the-fluoride-out-of-the-pineal-gland-t40666-20.html#ixzz23L0DFWsB

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The soft tissue of the adult pineal gland contains more fluoride than any other soft tissue in the body – a level of fluoride (~300 ppm) capable of inhibiting enzymes.
“It is remarkable that the pineal gland has never been analysed separately for F because it has several features which suggest that it could accumulate F. It has the highest calcium concentration of any normal soft tissue in the body because it calcifies physiologically in the form of hydroxyapatite (HA). It has a high metabolic activity coupled with a very profuse blood supply: two factors favouring the deposition of F in mineralizing tissues. The fact that the pineal is outside the blood-brain barrier suggests that pineal HA could sequester F from the bloodstream if it has the same strong affinity for F as HA in the other mineralizing tissues. The intensity of the toxic effects of most drugs depends upon their concentration at the site of action. The mineralizing tissues (bone and teeth) accumulate high concentrations of F and are the first to show toxic reactions to F. Hence, their reactions to F have been especially well studied. If F accumulates in the pineal gland, then this points to a gap in our knowledge about whether or not F affects pineal physiology. It was the lack of knowledge in this area that prompted my study.”
SOURCE: Luke J. (1997). The Effect of Fluoride on the Physiology of the Pineal Gland. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Surrey, Guildford. p. 1-2.
Read more: http://www.disclose.tv/forum/pineal-gland-dmt-dna-tetrahedron-2012-t11760.html#ixzz23LAxjcW4

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Metaphysics and philosophy
The secretory activity of the pineal gland is only relatively understood. Historically, its location deep in the brain suggested to philosophers that it possessed particular importance. This combination led to its being a “mystery” gland with myth, superstition and occult theories surrounding its perceived function.

René Descartes, who dedicated much time to the study of the pineal gland,[23] called it the “seat of the soul”.[24] He believed that it was the point of connection between the intellect and the body.[25] The relevant quotation as to Descartes’ reason for believing this is,

“My view is that this gland is the principal seat of the soul, and the place in which all our thoughts are formed. The reason I believe this is that I cannot find any part of the brain, except this, which is not double. Since we see only one thing with two eyes, and hear only one voice with two ears, and in short have never more than one thought at a time, it must necessarily be the case that the impressions which enter by the two eyes or by the two ears, and so on, unite with each other in some part of the body before being considered by the soul. Now it is impossible to find any such place in the whole head except this gland; moreover it is situated in the most suitable possible place for this purpose, in the middle of all the concavities; and it is supported and surrounded by the little branches of the carotid arteries which bring the spirits into the brain

Read more: http://www.disclose.tv/action/viewphoto/18370/harvard_university_pineal_gland/#ixzz23L2GbgD9

Solar Storms and the Pineal Gland – Riding the Wave

A very interesting read regarding solar activity and how CME’s affect us.
No doubt it has been discussed previously, especially the calcification of the pineal gland but never the less very informative.
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By Adonai– July 14, 2012
According to study published in the New Scientist back in 1998, there is a direct connection between the Sun’s solar storms and human biological effects.
The conduit which facilitates the charged particles from the Sun to human disturbance — is the very same conduit which steers Earth’s weather —– the magnetic field. Animals and humans have a magnetic field which surrounds them — in the very same way the magnetic field surrounds the Earth as a protector.
From 1948 to 1997, the Institute of North Industrial Ecology Problems in Russia found that geomagnetic activity showed three seasonal peaks each of those years (March to May, in July, and in October). Every peak matched an increased incidence of anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, and suicide in the city Kirovsk.
Electromagnetic activity from the sun affects our electronic devices and human electromagnetic field. We are physically, mentally, and emotionally altered by electromagnetic charges from the sun, our body can feel sleepy but also become highly energized.
Psychological effects of CMEs (coronal mass ejections) are typically short lived and include headache, palpitations, mood swings, and feeling generally unwell. Chaotic or confused thinking, and erratic behaviors also increase. Solar storms can drive our emotions and maximize it to both good and bad side – the point here is to be aware of it.
Pineal gland in our brain is also affected by the electromagnetic activity which causes the gland to produce excess melatonin, a hormone which can cause sleepiness but it’s also known that some people have opposite side effects, usually those that are aware of the effects.
Riding the power wave – pineal gland stimulation
Our pineal glands have excess melatonin production during solar storms – electromagnetic activity. Many biological effects of melatonin are produced through activation of melatonin receptors, while others are due to its role as a pervasive and powerful antioxidant, with a particular role in the protection of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA.
Pineal gland is also referred as the third eye, and the third eye is also known as the inner eye. The third eye is a mystical and esoteric concept referring in part to the ajna (brow) chakra in certain dharmic spiritual traditions, in particular Hinduism. This concept was later adopted by Christian mystics and spiritualists as well as people from other religious faiths. It is also spoken of as the gate that leads within to inner realms and spaces of higher consciousness. Among Christian mystics, the term is used in a broad sense to indicate a non-dualistic perspective. In New Age spirituality, the third eye may symbolize a state of enlightenment or the evocation of mental images having deeply personal spiritual or psychological significance. The third eye is often associated with visions, clairvoyance (which includes the ability to observe chakras and auras), precognition, and out-of-body experiences. People who have allegedly developed the capacity to utilize their third eyes are sometimes known as seers.
For the reasons most of you know – humans tend to have their pineal glands heavily calcified – sleeping.
Fluoride (found in tap water, toothpaste, processed foods…) is just one of the things that causes calcification of pineal gland. Fluoride is magnetically attracted to the pineal gland where it forms calcium phosphate crystals more than anywhere else in the body. How to decalcify pineal gland? One excellent link is here.
Third eye should be active, vibrant and strong… the process of decalcification sometimes includes headaches and sleepiness… – the same as they say for solar storms like the one in effect now.
Source http://thewatchers.adorraeli.com/2012/0 … ower-wave/

I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought,
but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones.
Albert Einstein

 http://www.disclose.tv/forum/solar-storms-and-the-pineal-gland-riding-the-wave-t75312.html#ixzz23L32d500

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There has been some controversy over the activity of adding synthetic fluoride to municipal water supplies and elsewhere, but not enough. The seriousness of this issue is more than what most realize. Fluoridation ranks with GMO’s and tainted, forced vaccinations among the great crimes against humanity.
Understanding the Different Fluorides
There are two types of fluoride. Calcium Fluoride, which appears naturally in underground water supplies, is relatively benign. However, too much consumed daily can lead to bone or dental problems. Calcium is used to counter fluoride poisoning when it occurs. This redeeming factor indicates that the calcium in naturally formed calcium fluoride neutralizes much of fluoride’s toxic effects.
On the other hand, the type of fluorides added to water supplies and other beverages and foods are waste products of the nuclear, aluminum, and now mostly the phosphate (fertilizer) industries. The EPA has classified these as toxins: fluorosilicate acid, sodium silicofluoride, and sodium fluoride.
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For this article, the term Sodium Fluoride will include all three types. Sodium fluoride is used for rat poison and as a pesticide. According to a scientific study done several years ago, Comparative Toxicity of Fluorine Compounds, industrial waste sodium fluorides are 85 times more toxic than naturally occurring calcium fluoride.
Health Hazards of Sodium Fluoride
Generally, most fluoride entering the body is not easily eliminated. It tends to accumulate in the body’s bones and teeth. Recently, it has been discovered to accumulate even more in the pineal gland, located in the middle of the brain.
This consequence of dental fluorosis, which seriously harms teeth, from daily fluoridation has been documented. Yet, the American Dental Association (AMA) continues beating a dead horse, promoting fluoride. There is a refusal to admit that instead of preventing tooth decay, fluoride causes even more dental harm.
The flood of sodium fluoride in water and food also creates other more serious health problems that are not widely publicized, even suppressed. Nevertheless, in addition to fluorosis, independent labs and reputable researchers have linked the following health issues with daily long term intake of sodium fluoride:
*Cancer
*Genetic DNA Damage
*Thyroid Disruption – affecting the complete endocrine system and leading to obesity
*Neurological – diminished IQ and inability to focus, lethargy and weariness.
*Alzheimer’s Disease
*Melatonin Disruption, lowers immunity to cancer, accelerates aging, sleep disorders.
*Pineal Gland, calcification, which clogs this gland located in the middle of the brain.
How Did We Get Stuck With Stuff?
According to investigative journalist Christopher Bryson, author of The Fluoride Deception, getting large quantities of sodium fluoride into the water and food system was a ploy of public relations sponsored by the industries who were saddled with getting rid of the toxic materials.
Fluoride was necessary for the processing or enriching of uranium. The pro-fluoride propaganda was started during the Manhattan Project to create the first atom bombs in the 1940′s. The spin was to convince workers and locals where the largest nuclear plant was located in Tennessee that fluoride was not only safe, it was good for kids’ dental health.
In the early 1950′s, the notorious spin master and father of advertising, Edward Bernays, continued the campaign for adding fluorides to water supplies as an experiment in engineering human consent! Then the AMA picked up on the dental issue and endorsed sodium fluoride’s addition to water supplies. The few dissenting health studies and reports were usually squashed. Those dissenting voices were dismissed as quacks regardless of their credentials.
Approximately 2/3 of the USA water supply is laced with sodium fluoride. Sodium fluoride is a common pesticide. So that residue is in some foods. Some sodas, packaged orange juices, and even bottled drinking water for babies contain fluoride additives. Buyer beware. Read your labels carefully.
Avoiding Fluoridation
Keep in mind that boiling only increases the concentration of fluoride to water more. But removing fluoride from tap water is not so difficult. Reverse osmosis works well for removing fluorides. If you own your home and can spring for the bucks, you can have one installed under the sink in your kitchen. That makes things very convenient for your fluoride removal from tap water.
If this is not your situation, grab a couple of large jugs and fill them up from reverse osmosis machines in health food stores, supermarkets, and other locations. There are several such machines around, usually labeled as using reverse osmosis, and they usually take coins. So it is the most accessible and cheapest way to go if you can’t install one where you live.
The Physiological Importance of the Pineal Gland
During the late 1990′s in England, a scientist by the name of Jennifer Luke undertook the first study the effects of sodium fluoride on the pineal gland. She determined that the pineal gland, located in the middle of the brain, was a target for fluoride. The pineal gland simply absorbed more fluoride than any other physical matter in the body, even bones.
Because of the pineal gland’s importance to the endocrine system, her conclusions were a breakthrough. Her study provided the missing link to a lot of physiological damage from sodium fluoride that had been hypothesized but not positively connected. A veritable root source for the chain reaction of blocked endocrine activity had been isolated.
Good news though. Frequent exposure to outdoor sunshine, 20 minutes or so at a time, will help stimulate a fluoride calcified pineal gland. Just make sure you take off your hat. This is more important than most realize, because the pineal gland affects so much other enzyme and endocrine activity, including melatonin production.
The 2012 Connection
First a bit about 2012, a date many have heard about. According to Carlos Barrios, anthropologist, historian, and investigator who was initiated as a Mayan ceremonial priest and spiritual guide, “Anthropologists visit the temple sites and read the inscriptions . . . but they do not read the signs correctly. . . . Other people write about prophecy in the name of the Maya. They say that the world will end in December 2012. The Mayan elders are angry with this. The world will not end. It will be transformed.”
Carlos Barrios goes on to say that the transformation will be both spiritual and physical. The transition started in 1987. He says that we are in a spiritual transition from the rule of materialism, greed, and enmity to a new period of cooperation and peace – but not without difficulty. The current oligarchy is happy with what they have and don’t want to give it up, and they are powerful. The Mayans claim that 2012 marks the end of the period of the fourth sun and the beginning of the fifth sun.
Carlos points out that adversarial revolution against the ruling class will not work. It is up to those who want this shift to connect with others of like mind and begin actively creating networks of real cooperation. The old will crumble. The new period will dawn with its growing pains, the severity of which depends on our ability to accept what is happening and go with the flow. This, he says, requires evolving to unconditional love, with an open and simple heart, forgiveness, and cooperation with less ego competition.
Connecting the Pineal Gland to This 2012 Matter
Well, what does all this have to do with the pineal gland? A lot. It is considered a portal to the inner or higher self by yogi masters, including Paramahansa Yogananda, author of Autobiography of a Yogi. Psychics consider it to be the link for inter dimensional experiences. It is associated with what many call the third eye or sixth chakra, which is a doorway to higher consciousness and bliss.
And it is vital for supporting intuition, an ability that will be needed during hard times. So it is necessary to evolve spiritually in order to help create better understanding, acceptance of our fellow humans, and easier group cooperation. Meditation is a part of this evolving. That and a little sunshine, good rest and food, can cause a calcified pineal gland to loosen up and allow that portal to open.
An unusual psychiatrist, professor of medicine at University of New Mexico, and practicing Buddhist, Dr. Rick Strassman, MD, has written a book based on actual human studies of people under the psychedelic drug, DMT, titled DMT, The Spirit Molecule. He has discovered, among other things, that the pineal gland is a source of DMT production during birth and at death, and during near death or mystical experiences. This chemical approach corroborates the idea of the pineal gland as a portal, where the spirit passes through to other dimensions, either entering this physical realm or leaving it.
South American and Central American shamans use Ayahuasca, an herbal potion that stimulates DMT for psychological healing and spiritual initiation ceremonies. They have expanded their ceremonies with Ayahuasca by traveling throughout the world or opening their local facilities to non natives. They are doing this urgently in anticipation of 2012. Their desire is to jump start and expand individuals’ consciousness so the transition of consciousness will be facilitated and incorporate as many as possible.
This information is meant to link the physical realm’s pineal gland to higher states of awareness and other realms. The point is not to advocate or discourage psychedelic drug use, but to encourage health, meditation and spiritual growth by maintaining a fluoride free pineal gland. 2012 is approaching. Time to get in shape!
Sources:
Fluroide: Friend or Foe? By Devid De Santo (
www.lewrockwell.com)
Germans and Russians Used Fluoride to Make Prisoners Stupid and Docile, by Devvy Kidd
(
www.newswithviews.com)
Fluoride Accumulates in the Pineal Gland, by Sepp Hasslberger of Health Supreme (
www.newmediaexplorer.org)
Transcribed interview of journalist Christopher Bryson: The Fluoride Deception: How a Nuclear Waste Byproduct Made Its Way Into the Nation’s Drinking Water
http://www.democracynow.org/2004/6/...
Article by Ingrid Nairman highlighting Mayan lecture in Santa Fe, NM by Carlos Barrios
ingridnaiman.com/subscription_lists/email_index.html.
The Pineal Gland: Interface Between the Spiritual and Physical Planes?
(
http://circleof12.blogspot.com)
The Fluoride Debate – (
www.fluoridedebate.com)
Read more:
http://www.disclose.tv/forum/how-to-keep-pineal-gland-fluoride-free-t18786.html#ixzz23LELup73

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Ancient Egyptians and the Pineal Gland Connection

Blog by MistaPrimeMinista Blogging in Documentary

egyptian pineal gland Ancient Egyptians and the Pineal Gland Connection

If you are unsure what the pineal gland is or what the chemical DMT is you should watch “The Spirit Molecule – DMT” first so that you can fully understand the contents of this video about Egyptians and the pineal gland. In short, DMT is a molecule found in every living organism but when consumed in higher doses or when someone is meditating, DMT stimulates a gland in the center of our brain called the pineal gland. Ancient Egyptians seemed to have picked up on that and knew much more about our consciousness than us. As always, do not believe everything you see and hear, research and question everything and everyone, including yourself.

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Image Image
http://photonichuman.50megs.com/whats_new_1.html

The pineal is a superconducting resonator. Ananda claims it potentiates DNA as a multidimensional transducer of holographic projection, through hadron toroids, and is implicated in staying youthful. 5meoDMT & DMT act on the T-RNA messengers which carry out the protein synthesis for the DNA, or the rebuilding of our our body image and organs.
Melatonin is exclusively made in the pineal gland, comprised of the same Tryptophane base materials as Pinoline. Melatonin induces mitosis. It does this, by sending a small electrical signal up the double helix of the DNA, which instigates an 8 HZ proton signal that enables the hydrogen bonds to the stair steps, to zip open, and the DNA can replicate.
The human Pineal gland not only produces the neuro-hormone Melatonin, one of the body’s most potent antioxidents, but the revolutionary Pinoline, 6-methoxy-tetra-dydro-beta carboline, or 6-MeO-THBC. Pinoline is superior to Melatonin in aiding DNA replication. Pinoline can make superconductive elements within the body. It encourages cell division by resonating with the very pulse of life – 8 cycles per second – the pulse DNA uses to replicate. This 8 Hz resonance was measured in healers by Andrea Puharich in the late 1970s.
Ananda implicates DMT in the hyperdimensional geometry or architecture operating in DNA through hadronic mechanics, a model of the 8 hz, or universal phase-conjugational force, that is also the most coherent Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and the DNA replication frequency. He relates this to the sacred geometry of the Merkabah, Flower of Life, Sri Yantra, Diamond Body, and Vector Equilibrium Matrix.
The living DNA in our bodies operates in hyperdimensions. The entire body holographic message is present in the single DNA molecule, in order to be capable of reproducing the entire whole. The local 8hz field component is a standard tetrahedron interlocked with a second tetrahedron representing the counter-rotary field that it is phase-conjugating with, and together comprising a “stellated cube.”
Ananda has also investigated Dark Room techniques for stimulating the pineal with Mantak Chia.. Ananda developed, researched, and has taught the Dark Room technology for endogenous Pineal Soma and DMT production (Endohuasca), since 1992, upgrading his technique with Mantak Chia in 2000. Isolated from external light, the third eye (pineal gland) overflows with certain neurotransmitters that awaken the higher brain, the ability to imprint the brain, reprogramming itself for an “instant experience of Being.” The retreat reopens the sourcecode of embryogenesis.
5-MEO-DMT acivates the whole spine, the whole tree of life (Djedi, the staff of Hermes, the Caduceus of the spine) becomes active to be reprogramed. This is the accessing and awakeing of the tree of life, the kundalini (which is a readout of the DNA, and the DNA is the tree of life in miniscal). So one can start to process the illusion of the dream from its binary code into the Unity Self.

Read more: http://www.disclose.tv/forum/pineal-gland-dmt-dna-tetrahedron-2012-t11760.html#ixzz23LHmpK1z

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Fluoride: Calcifier of the Soul

Sayer Ji
Infowars.com
November 4, 2011

The Discovery

Research published in 2001 showed that fluoride (F) deposits in the pineal gland with age and is associated with enhanced gland calcification. Eleven aged cadavares were dissected and their pineal glands assayed:

“There was a positive correlation between pineal F and pineal Ca (r = 0.73, p<0.02) but no correlation between pineal F and bone F. By old age, the pineal gland has readily accumulated F and its F/Ca ratio is higher than bone.” Source

What Is The Pineal Gland?

The pineal gland is a small endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain, and is sometimes called the “third eye” as it is a light sensitive, centrally-located organ with cellular features resembling the human retina.

One article describes the role of the pineal gland in more technical terms here:

“The role of the nonvisual photoreception is to synchronise periodic functions of living organisms to the environmental light periods in order to help survival of various species in different biotopes”  Source

The pineal gland is best known for its role in producing the hormone melatonin from serotonin (triggered by the absence of light) and affects wake/sleep patterns and seasonal/circadian rhythms. Like a tiny pea-sized pine cone it is located near the center of the brain, between the two hemispheres  and is a unique brain structure insofar as it is not protected by the blood-brain-barrier. This may also explain why it is uniquely sensitive to calcification via fluoride exposure.

More Than An Endocrine Gland

Technically the mammalian pineal gland is neural tissue, and the cells within the pineal gland – the pinealocytes – have characteristics that resemble the photorecetpor cells in the retina.

This has given rise to the opinion that it should be reclassified:

“In our opinion, the main trend of today’s literature on pineal functions–only considering the organ as a common endocrine gland–deviates from this structural and histochemical basis.” Source

The pineal gland has been a subject of much interest since ancient times. Galen described it in the 3rd century, and the philosopher René Decartes (1596-1650) identified the pineal gland as the “seat of the soul.” His explanation for this conclusion is quite interesting:

“My view is that this gland is the principal seat of the soul, and the place in which all our thoughts are formed. The reason I believe this is that I cannot find any part of the brain, except this, which is not double. Since we see only one thing with two eyes, and hear only one voice with two ears, and in short have never more than one thought at a time, it must necessarily be the case that the impressions which enter by the two eyes or by the two ears, and so on, unite with each other in some part of the body before being considered by the soul. Now it is impossible to find any such place in the whole head except this gland; moreover it is situated in the most suitable possible place for this purpose, in the middle of all the concavities; and it is supported and surrounded by the little branches of the carotid arteries which bring the spirits into the brain.” Source: Wikipedia

Decartes was one of the few philosophers who was experienced in vivisection and anatomy, and who righly pointed out the unique nature of the pineal gland’s location in the brain and blood supply.

The “third eye” is also a well known symbol in Eastern literature, and may be concretely grounded in the anatomical structure and function of the pineal gland.

Calcium Stones In the Brain

Pineal gland calcifications upon dissection resemble gravel, and are composed of calcite (calcium carbonate) and/or calcium hydroxylapatite, the latter of which is not unlike dentin or bone.  (Source)

Pineal gland calcification is associated with a number of diseases in the medical literature:

Alzheimer Disease
Bipolar Disease
Circadian Dysregulation
Hormone Imbalances: Low Melatonin
Insomnia
Low Back Pain
Parkinson Disease
Schizophrenia
Sleep Disorders
Stroke

Source: GreenMedInfo.com

Fluoride As A “Therapeutic” Neurotoxin?

Now that it has been established that fluoride (F) exposure contributes to the calcification of the pineal gland, the question remains: what are the subjective affects of these tissue changes to those who undergo them?

Prozac may represent an archetypal example of how fluoride affects the personality/soul. This drug (chemical name fluoxetine) is approximately 30% fluoride by weight and marketed as an “antidepressant,” even while a major side effect of its use and/or withdrawal is suicidal depression.  Modern psychiatry often treats depressive disorders – the “dark night of the soul” – as an organic disorder of the brain, targeting serotonin reuptake by any chemical means necessary. Fluoride and fluoxetine, in fact,  may accomplish their intended “therapeutic effects” by poisoning the pineal gland.  Animal studies confirm that when mice have their pineal glands removed they no longer respond to fluoxetine.  Source

Perhaps the primary reason why Prozac causes a favorable reaction in those who are treated (poisoned) with it, is that it disassociates that person from the psychospiritual conflicts that they must normally suppress in order to maintain the appearance of sanity and functionality in society, i.e. it is control and not health that is the goal of such “treatment.”

If Prozac and other sources of fluoride in our environment deposits within the pineal gland, accelerating the transformation of functional pineal tissue into calcification, is it possible that it works by dehumanizing and flattening the affect of those who are under its influence?

How Do We Prevent Pineal Gland Calcification?

Eliminating exposure to fluoride is the #1 priority.  We can start by being careful about surreptitious forms of fluoride in Teflon, foods and beverages produced with muncipal water, tap water, infant formula, fluoride containing drugs like Prozac, toothpaste, etc. We have collected a number of studies from the US National Library of Medicine on natural substances which mitigate fluoride toxicity here.  We also have a section on our database dedicated to finding substances which prevent or reverse other forms of pathological calcification which may have relevance for pineal gland calcification here. Lastly, there is research on the potential value of magnesium and phytate in reducing pineal gland calcification which can be viewed here

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View the Evidence: Ailments

Analysis: pineal gland calcifications are chemically similar to dentin and bone.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Ann Anat. 1995 Jul;177(5):413-9. PMID: 7645736

Article Published Date : Jul 01, 1995

Study Type : Meta Analysis

Additional Links

Diseases : Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24)


Pineal calcification may contribute to melatonin deficiency and circadian timing irregularities.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Neuropsychopharmacology. 1999 Dec;21(6):765-72. PMID: 10633482

Article Published Date : Dec 01, 1999

Study Type : Meta Analysis

Additional Links

Diseases : Circadian Dysregulation : CK(518) : AC(8), Hormone Imbalances: Low Melatonin : CK(64) : AC(7), Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24), Sleep Disorders : CK(158) : AC(16)

Additional Keywords : Diseases that are Linked : CK(2162) : AC(265)


Patients with gradual onset schizophrenia had pineal calcification size that was significantly larger than those with sudden onset.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Int J Neurosci. 1992 Nov-Dec;67(1-4):9-17. PMID: 1305641

Article Published Date : Nov 01, 1992

Study Type : Human Study

Additional Links

Diseases : Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24), Schizophrenia : CK(247) : AC(29)

Additional Keywords : Diseases that are Linked : CK(2162) : AC(265)


Degree of pineal calcification (DOC) is associated with polysomnographic sleep measures in primary insomnia patients.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Sleep Med. 2009 Apr;10(4):439-45. Epub 2008 Aug 27. PMID: 18755628

Article Published Date : Apr 01, 2009

Study Type : Human Study

Additional Links

Diseases : Insomnia : CK(471) : AC(56), Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24)

Additional Keywords : Diseases that are Linked : CK(2162) : AC(265)


Fluoride deposits in the pineal gland with age and is associated with enhanced gland calcification.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Caries Res. 2001 Mar-Apr;35(2):125-8. PMID: 11275672

Article Published Date : Mar 01, 2001

Study Type : Human Study

Additional Links

Diseases : Ectopic Calcification : CK(754) : AC(113), Fluoride Toxicity : CK(142) : AC(40), Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24), Pineal Gland Diseases : CK(10) : AC(1)

Problem Substances : Fluoride : CK(224) : AC(33)


Physiologic pineal calcification is more common in children than previously reported.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Acad Radiol. 2006 Jul;13(7):822-6. PMID: 16777555

Article Published Date : Jul 01, 2006

Study Type : Human Study

Additional Links

Diseases : Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24)

Additional Keywords : Childhood Diseases : CK(10) : AC(1)


Pineal calcification (DOC) might indicate a decrease of melatonin production, which consecutively might lead to a disturbed circadian rhythmicity in the sleep-wake cycle.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Psychiatry Res. 1998 Jun 30;82(3):187-91. PMID: 9754443

Article Published Date : Jun 30, 1998

Study Type : Human Study

Additional Links

Diseases : Circadian Dysregulation : CK(518) : AC(8), Hormone Imbalances: Low Melatonin : CK(64) : AC(7), Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24), Sleep Disorders : CK(158) : AC(16)

Additional Keywords : Diseases that are Linked : CK(2162) : AC(265)


Pineal calcification and melatonin secretion may be linked to the pathophysiology of tardive dyskinesia and Tourette’s syndrome.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Int J Neurosci. 1991 Jun;58(3-4):215-47. PMID: 1365044

Article Published Date : Jun 01, 1991

Study Type : Human Study

Additional Links

Diseases : Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24), Tardive Dyskinesia : CK(40) : AC(6),Tourette Syndrome : CK(139) : AC(17)

Additional Keywords : Diseases that are Linked : CK(2162) : AC(265)


Pineal calcification plays a possible role in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Int J Neurosci. 1992 Jan;62(1-2):107-11. PMID: 1342008

Article Published Date : Jan 01, 1992

Study Type : Human Study

Additional Links

Diseases : Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24), Schizophrenia : CK(247) : AC(29)

Additional Keywords : Diseases that are Linked : CK(2162) : AC(265)


Pineal calcification plays a role in relation to menopause in schizophrenia.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Int J Neurosci. 1992 Nov-Dec;67(1-4):1-8. PMID: 1305625

Article Published Date : Nov 01, 1992

Study Type : Human Study

Additional Links

Diseases : Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24), Schizophrenia : CK(247) : AC(29)

Additional Keywords : Diseases that are Linked : CK(2162) : AC(265)


Pineal gland calcification has been linked with stroke incident.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Lik Sprava. 2007 Apr-May(3):47-50. PMID: 18271180

Article Published Date : Apr 01, 2007

Study Type : Human Study

Additional Links

Diseases : Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24), Stroke : CK(540) : AC(47)

Additional Keywords : Diseases that are Linked : CK(2162) : AC(265)


Pineal gland calcification is higher in industralized societies compared with traditional ones.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Med Hypotheses. 2000 May;54(5):825-8. PMID: 10859694

Article Published Date : May 01, 2000

Study Type : Human Study

Additional Links

Diseases : Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24)


Pineal gland calcification with calcium hydroxyapatite may be inhibited by magnesium.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Boll Soc Ital Biol Sper. 1991 Sep;67(9):837-44. PMID: 1725704

Article Published Date : Sep 01, 1991

Study Type : Human Study

Additional Links

Substances : Magnesium : CK(827) : AC(116)

Diseases : Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24)


Pineal gland calcification, lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration and abdominal aorta calcifying atherosclerosis correlate in low back pain subjects: A cross-sectional observational CT study.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Bioorg Med Chem. 2003 Feb 20;11(4):483-8. PMID: 18215511

Article Published Date : Feb 20, 2003

Study Type : Human Study

Additional Links

Diseases : Aortic Calcification : CK(180) : AC(7), Low Back Pain : CK(234) : AC(24), Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24)

Additional Keywords : Diseases that are Linked : CK(2162) : AC(265)


The degree of pineal gland calcification is significantly higher in Alzhemier’s disease patients vs. other types of dementia.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Neurobiol Aging. 2008 Feb;29(2):203-9. Epub 2006 Nov 13. PMID: 17097768

Article Published Date : Feb 01, 2008

Study Type : Human Study

Additional Links

Diseases : Alzheimer’s Disease : CK(609) : AC(160), Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24)

Additional Keywords : Diseases that are Linked : CK(2162) : AC(265)


There appears to be a premature pineal calcific process in schizophrenics.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Eur Psychiatry. 1999 Jun;14(3):163-6. PMID: 10572342

Article Published Date : Jun 01, 1999

Study Type : Human Study

Additional Links

Diseases : Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24), Schizophrenia : CK(247) : AC(29)

Additional Keywords : Diseases that are Linked : CK(2162) : AC(265)


There is a meaningful association between the presence of enlarged pineal calcification and axial dyskinesias in bipolar patients.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Int J Neurosci. 1990 Oct;54(3-4):307-13. PMID: 2265981

Article Published Date : Oct 01, 1990

Study Type : Human Study

Additional Links

Diseases : Bipolar Disorder : CK(157) : AC(18), Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24), Tardive Dyskinesia : CK(40) : AC(6)

Additional Keywords : Diseases that are Linked : CK(2162) : AC(265)


The gerbil pineal gland form calcium concretions in response to stress.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Gen Comp Endocrinol. 1998 Jun;110(3):237-51. PMID: 9593645

Article Published Date : Jun 01, 1998

Study Type : Animal Study

Additional Links

Diseases : Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24), Stress : CK(434) : AC(60)

Anti Therapeutic Actions : Stress : CK(2) : AC(1)


Analysis: physical composition of pineal gland calcifications.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : J Inorg Biochem. 1993 Feb 15;49(3):209-20. PMID: 8381851

Article Published Date : Feb 15, 1993

Study Type : Review

Additional Links

Diseases : Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24)

Additional Keywords : Hydroxyapatite : CK(3) : AC(3)


Parkinson’s disease may be a neuroendocrine disorder of circadian function involving dopamine-melatonin imblance and pineal calcification.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Nutr Neurosci. 2009 Jun;12(3):135-40. PMID: 19145986

Article Published Date : Jun 01, 2009

Study Type : Review

Additional Links

Diseases : Circadian Dysregulation : CK(518) : AC(8), Parkinson Disease : CK(541) : AC(79), Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24)


Pineal gland calcification may contribute to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease and may reflect an absence of crystallization inhibitors.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi. 2007 Apr;37(3):276-85. PMID: 19666212

Article Published Date : Apr 01, 2007

Study Type : Review

Additional Links

Substances : Phytate : CK(9) : AC(9)

Diseases : Alzheimer’s Disease : CK(609) : AC(160), Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24)

Pharmacological Actions : Antioxidants : CK(3508) : AC(1292), Neuroprotective Agents : CK(922) : AC(466)


Review: A preliminary study of human pineal gland concretions.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Boll Soc Ital Biol Sper. 1990 Jul;66(7):615-22. PMID: 1964562

Article Published Date : Jul 01, 1990

Study Type : Review

Additional Links

Diseases : Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24)

Additional Keywords : Hydroxyapatite : CK(3) : AC(3)


Review: comparative histology of pineal calcification.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Histol Histopathol. 1998 Jul;13(3):851-70. PMID: 9690142

Article Published Date : Jul 01, 1998

Study Type : Review

Additional Links

Diseases : Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24)


Schizophrenics may have pineal gland calcifications which contain flouride.

Click here to see the entire article

Pubmed Data : Arkh Patol. 2004 Jul-Aug;66(4):13-6. PMID: 15449681

Article Published Date : Jul 01, 2004

Study Type : Review

Additional Links

Diseases : Ectopic Calcification : CK(754) : AC(113), Fluoride Toxicity : CK(142) : AC(40), Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24)

Additional Keywords : Hydroxyapatite : CK(3) : AC(3)

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The pineal gland and anxiogenic-like action of fluoxetine in mice.

Uz T, Dimitrijevic N, Akhisaroglu M, Imbesi M, Kurtuncu M, Manev H.

Source

The Psychiatric Institute, Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1601 West Taylor Street, MC912, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.

Abstract

Fluoxetine produces initial paradoxical anxiogenic effect in some patients. In an elevated plus-maze (EPM), fluoxetine triggers an anxiogenic-like effect in rodents. Behavioral responses to psychoactive drugs can be modified by the pineal gland. We assessed the actions of fluoxetine in the EPM in melatonin-proficient C3H mice, melatonin-deficient C57BL6 mice, and in sham-operated and pinealectomized mice. Mice were assayed 30 min after the first injection and on day 14. Protracted fluoxetine treatment reduced the time on the anxiogenic open arms and increased the entries into the safe closed arms in sham-operated C3H mice. Fluoxetine was ineffective in pinealectomized C3H or C57BL6 mice. It is possible that the pineal system contributes to the previously observed anxiogenic action of fluoxetine in humans.

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Fluoride deposits in the pineal gland with age and is associated with enhanced gland calcification. - GreenMedInfo Summary

Abstract Title:

Fluoride deposition in the aged human pineal gland.

Abstract Source:

Caries Res. 2001 Mar-Apr;35(2):125-8. PMID: 11275672

Abstract Author(s):

J Luke

Article Affiliation:

School of Biological Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK. jenniluke@compuserve.com

Abstract:

The purpose was to discover whether fluoride (F) accumulates in the aged human pineal gland. The aims were to determine (a) F-concentrations of the pineal gland (wet), corresponding muscle (wet) and bone (ash); (b) calcium-concentration of the pineal. Pineal, muscle and bone were dissected from 11 aged cadavers and assayed for F using the HMDS-facilitated diffusion, F-ion-specific electrode method. Pineal calcium was determined using atomic absorption spectroscopy. Pineal and muscle contained 297+/-257 and 0.5+/-0.4 mg F/kg wet weight, respectively; bone contained 2,037+/-1,095 mg F/kg ash weight. The pineal contained 16,000+/-11,070 mg Ca/kg wet weight. There was a positive correlation between pineal F and pineal Ca (r = 0.73, p<0.02) but no correlation between pineal F and bone F. By old age, the pineal gland has readily accumulated F and its F/Ca ratio is higher than bone.

Pubmed Data : Caries Res. 2001 Mar-Apr;35(2):125-8. PMID: 11275672

Article Published Date : Mar 01, 2001

Study Type : Human Study

Additional Links

Diseases : Ectopic Calcification : CK(754) : AC(113), Fluoride Toxicity : CK(142) : AC(40), Pineal Gland Calcification : CK(198) : AC(24), Pineal Gland Diseases : CK(10) : AC(1)

Problem Substances : Fluoride : CK(224) : AC(33)

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Ultrastructure and x-ray microanalytical study of human pineal concretions.

Nakamura KT, Nakahara H, Nakamura M, Tokioka T, Kiyomura H.

Source

2nd Department of Oral Anatomy, Meikai University, School of Dentistry, Saitama, Japan.

Abstract

We examined human pineal concretions and found them to exhibit a multi-layered concentric structure consisting of irregularly spaced dense and sparse zones containing fine crystals. The hydroxyapatite crystallites were shown to be irregularly outlined plate forms (measuring 11-70 nm in their longest dimension and 2-10 nm in thickness). At the center of each crystallite a central dark line was observed by means of high resolution electron microscopy. The structure and size of the crystals were similar to those of dentin and bone. The ground surface of the concretions was observed metallurgically by means of an electron probe microanalyzer (EPMA). The surface zones of the concretions contained a higher concentration of zinc, which seems to play an important role during the mineralization process, whereas calcium and phosphorus exhibited higher concentrations at the center.

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Pineal gland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pineal gland

Illu pituitary pineal glands.jpg

Diagram of pituitary and pineal glands in the human brain

Latin
glandula pinealis

Gray’s
subject #276 1277

Artery
posterior cerebral artery

Precursor
Neural Ectoderm, Roof of Diencephalon

MeSH
Pineal+gland

The pineal gland (also called the pineal body, epiphysis cerebri, epiphysis, conarium or the “third eye“) is a small endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain. It produces the serotonin derivative melatonin, a hormone that affects the modulation of wake/sleep patterns and seasonal functions.[1][2] Its shape resembles a tiny pine cone (hence its name), and it is located near the centre of the brain, between the two hemispheres, tucked in a groove where the two rounded thalamic bodiesjoin.

Location

The pineal gland is reddish-gray and about the size of a grain of rice (5–8 mm) in humans, located just rostro-dorsal to the superior colliculus and behind and beneath the stria medullaris, between the laterally positioned thalamic bodies. It is part of the epithalamus.

The pineal gland is a midline structure shaped like a pine cone,[3] and is often seen in plain skull X-rays, as it is often calcified;[4] calcification has been shown in one small study to correlate with the accumulation of flouride. [5]

Structure and composition

Pineal gland parenchyma with calcifications.

Micrograph of a normal pineal gland – very high magnification.

Micrograph of a normal pineal gland – intermediate magnification.

The pineal body consists in humans of a lobular parenchyma of pinealocytes surrounded by connective tissue spaces. The gland’s surface is covered by a pial capsule.

The pineal gland consists mainly of pinealocytes, but four other cell types have been identified. As it is quite cellular (in relation to the cortex and white matter) it may be mistaken for a neoplasm.[6]

Cell type
Description

Pinealocytes
The pinealocytes consist of a cell body with 4–6 processes emerging. They produce and secrete melatonin. The pinealocytes can be stained by special silver impregnation methods. Their cytoplasm is lightly basophilic. With special stains, pinealocytes exhibit lengthy, branched cytoplasmic processes which extend to the connective septa and its blood vessels.

Interstitial cells
Interstitial cells are located between the pinealocytes. They have elongated nuclei and a cytoplasm which is stained darker than that of the pinealocytes.

Perivascularphagocyte
Many capillaries are present in the gland, and perivascular phagocytes are located close to these blood vessels. The perivascular phagocytes are antigen presenting cells.

pineal neurons
In higher vertebrates neurons are located in the pineal gland. However, these are not present in rodents.

peptidergicneuron-like cells
In some species, neuronal-like peptidergic cells are present. These cells might have a paracrine regulatory function.

The pineal gland receives a sympathetic innervation from the superior cervical ganglion. However, a parasympathetic innervation from the sphenopalatine and otic ganglia is also present. Further, some nerve fibers penetrate into the pineal gland via the pineal stalk (central innervation). Finally, neurons in the trigeminal ganglion innervate the gland with nerve fibers containing the neuropeptide, PACAP. Human follicles contain a variable quantity of gritty material, called corpora arenacea (or “acervuli,” or “brain sand”). Chemical analysis shows that they are composed of calcium phosphate, calcium carbonate, magnesium phosphate, and ammonium phosphate.[7] In 2002, deposits of the calcite form of calcium carbonate were described.[8] Calcium, phosphorus[9] deposits in the pineal gland have been linked with aging.

Miscellaneous anatomy

Pinealocytes in many non-mammalian vertebrates have a strong resemblance to the photoreceptor cells of the eye. Some evolutionary biologists believe that the vertebrate pineal cells share a common evolutionary ancestor with retinal cells.[10]

In some vertebrates, exposure to light can set off a chain reaction of enzymatic events within the pineal gland that regulate circadian rhythms.[11] Some early vertebrate fossil skulls have a pineal foramen (opening). This correlates with the physiology of the modern “living fossils,” the lamprey and the tuatara, and some other vertebrates that have a parietal organ or “third eye,” which, in some of them, is photosensitive. The third eye represents evolution’s earlier approach to photoreception.[12] The structures of the third eye in the tuatara are analogous to the cornea, lens and retina, though the latter resembles that of an octopus rather than a vertebrate retina. The asymmetrical whole consists of the “eye” to the left and the pineal sac to the right. “In animals that have lost the parietal eye, including mammals, the pineal sac is retained and condensed into the form of the pineal gland.”[12]

Unlike much of the rest of the mammalian brain, the pineal gland is not isolated from the body by the blood–brain barrier system;[13] it has profuse blood flow, second only to the kidney.

Fossils seldom preserve soft anatomy. The brain of the Russian Melovatka bird, about 90 million years old, is an exception, and it shows a larger-than-expected parietal eye and pineal gland.[14]

In humans and other mammals, the light signals necessary to set circadian rhythms are sent from the eye through the retinohypothalamic system to the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) and the pineal.

Function

The pineal gland was originally believed to be a “vestigial remnant” of a larger organ. In 1917 it was known that extract of cow pineals lightened frog skin. Dermatology professor Aaron B. Lerner and colleagues at Yale University, hoping that a substance from the pineal might be useful in treating skin diseases, isolated and named the hormone melatonin in 1958.[15] The substance did not prove to be helpful as intended, but its discovery helped solve several mysteries such as why removing the rat’s pineal accelerated ovary growth, why keeping rats in constant light decreased the weight of their pineals, and why pinealectomy and constant light affect ovary growth to an equal extent; this knowledge gave a boost to the then new field of chronobiology.[16]

Melatonin is N-acetyl-5-methoxy-tryptamine, a derivative of the amino acid tryptophan, which also has other functions in the central nervous system. The production of melatonin by the pineal gland is stimulated by darkness and inhibited by light.[17]Photosensitive cells in the retina detect light and directly signal the SCN, entraining its rhythm to the 24-hour cycle in nature. Fibers project from the SCN to the paraventricular nuclei (PVN), which relay the circadian signals to the spinal cord and out via the sympathetic system to superior cervical ganglia (SCG), and from there into the pineal gland.

The compound pinoline is also produced in the pineal gland; it is one of the beta-carbolines.[citation needed]

The human pineal gland grows in size until about 1–2 years of age, remaining stable thereafter,[18][19] although its weight increases gradually from puberty onwards.[20][21] The abundant melatonin levels in children are believed to inhibit sexual development, and pineal tumors have been linked with precocious puberty. When puberty arrives, melatonin production is reduced.

Calcification of the pineal gland is typical in adults, and has been observed in children as young as 2. Calcification rates vary widely by country and tend to increase by age, with calcification occurring in an estimated 40% of Americans by their 17th year.[4]

Apparently the internal secretions of the pineal gland inhibit the development of the reproductive glands, because in cases where it is severely damaged in children, the result is accelerated development of the sexual organs and the skeleton.[22] In animals, the pineal gland appears to play a major role in sexual development, hibernation, metabolism, and seasonal breeding.[23]

Pineal cytostructure seems to have evolutionary similarities to the retinal cells of chordates.[10] Modern birds and reptiles have been found to express the phototransducing pigment melanopsin in the pineal gland. Avian pineal glands are believed to act like the SCN in mammals.[24]

Studies on rodents suggest that the pineal gland may influence the actions of recreational drugs, such as cocaine,[25] and antidepressants, such as fluoxetine (Prozac),[26] and its hormone melatonin can protect against neurodegeneration.[27]

Conjecture

Dr. Rick Strassman, while conducting research on the psychedelic dimethyltryptamine (DMT) in the 1990s at the University of New Mexico, advanced the controversial hypothesis that a massive release of DMT from the pineal gland prior to death or near death was the cause of the near death experience (NDE) phenomenon. Several of his test subjects reported NDE-like audio or visual hallucinations. His explanation for this was the possible lack of panic involved in the clinical setting and possible dosage differences between those administered and those encountered in actual NDE cases. Several subjects also reported contact with ‘other beings’, alien like, insectoid or reptilian in nature, in highly advanced technological environments[28] where the subjects were ‘carried,’ ‘probed,’ ‘tested,’ ‘manipulated,’ ‘dismembered,’ ‘taught,’ ‘loved,’ and even ‘raped’ by these ‘beings’ (one could note the strong similarities of these bodily tests/invasions in other psychedelic experiences throughout time, outlined in Graham Hancock’s “Supernatural”[29]). Basing his reasoning on his belief that all the enzymatic material needed to produce DMT is found in the pineal gland (see evidence in mammals), and moreover in substantially greater concentrations than in any other part of the body, Strassman ([28] p. 69) has speculated that DMT is made in the pineal gland.

Pathology

All tumors involving the pineal gland are rare; most (50% to 70%) arise from sequestered embryonic germ cells. They most commonly take the form of so-called germinomas, resembling testicular seminoma or ovarian dysegerminoma. Other lines of germ cell differentiation include embryonal carcinomas; choriocarcinomas; mixtures of germinom, embryonal carcinoma, and choriocarcinoma; and, uncommonly, typical teratomas (usually benign). Whether to characterize these germ cell neoplasms as pinealomas is still a subject of debate, but most pinealophiles favor restricting the terms pinealoma to neoplasms arising from the pineocytes.

A pineal tumor can compress the superior colliculi and pretectal area of the dorsal midbrain, producing Parinaud’s syndrome. Pineal tumors also can cause compression of the cerebral aqueduct, resulting in a noncommunicating hydrocephalus.

Pinelomas

These neoplasms are divided into two categories, pineoblastomas and pineocytomas,[citation needed] based on their level of differentiation, which in turn, correlates with their neoplastic aggressiveness. The clinical course of patients with pineocytomas is prolonged, averaging 7 years.[citation needed] The manifestations are the consequence of their pressure effects and consist of visual disturbances, headache, mental deterioration, and sometimes dementia-like behaviour.[citation needed] The lesions being located where they are, it is understandable that successful excision is at best difficult.

Metaphysics and philosophy

The secretory activity of the pineal gland is only partially understood. Historically, its location deep in the brain suggested to philosophers that it possessed particular importance. This combination led to its being a “mystery” gland with myth, superstition and occult theories surrounding its perceived functions.

René Descartes, who dedicated much time to the study of the pineal gland, called it the “principal seat of the soul.”[30] He believed that it was the point of connection between the intellect and the body.[31] Descartes attached significance to the gland because he believed it to be the only section of the brain which existed as a single part, rather than one half of a pair. He argued that because a person can never have “more than one thought at a time,” external stimuli must be united within the brain before being considered by the soul, and he considered the pineal gland to be situated in “the most suitable possible place for this purpose,” located centrally in the brain and surrounded by branches of the carotid arteries.[30]

Baruch de Spinoza criticized Descartes’ viewpoint for neither following from self-evident premises nor being “clearly and distinctly perceived” (Descartes having previously asserted that he could not draw conclusions of this sort), and questioned what Descartes meant by talking of “the union of the mind and the body.”[32]

The notion of a “pineal-eye” is central to the philosophy of the French writer Georges Bataille, which is analyzed at length by literary scholar Denis Hollier in his study Against Architecture. In this work Hollier discusses how Bataille uses the concept of a “pineal-eye” as a reference to a blind-spot in Western rationality, and an organ of excess and delirium.[33] This conceptual device is explicit in his surrealist texts, The Jesuve and The Pineal Eye.[34]

The notion of an inner third eye (attributed mystical significance) also occurs in ancient, central and east Asian, and new age philosophies.

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Immunocytochemistry and calcium cytochemistry of the mammalian pineal organ: a comparison with retina and submammalian pineal organs.

Vigh-Teichmann I, Vigh B.

Source

Neuroendocrine Section, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Semmelweis University Medical School, Budapest.

Abstract

Morphologically the mammalian pineal organ is a part of the diencephalon. It represents a neural tissue histologically (“pineal nervous tissue”) and is dissimilar to endocrine glands. Submammalian pinealocytes resemble the photoreceptor cells of the retina, and some of their cytologic characteristics are preserved in the mammalian pinealocytes together with compounds demonstrable by cyto- and immunocytochemistry and participating in photochemical transduction. In our opinion, the main trend of today’s literature on pineal functions–only considering the organ as a common endocrine gland–deviates from this structural and histochemical basis. In mammals, similar to the lower vertebrates, the pinealocytes have a sensory cilium developed to a different extent. The axonic processes of pinealocytes form ribbon-containing synapses on secondary pineal neurons, and/or neurohormonal terminals on the basal lamina of the surface of the pineal nervous tissue facing the perivascular spaces. Ribbon-containing axo-dendritic synapses were found in the rat, cat, guinea pig, ferret, and hedgehog. In the cat, we found GABA-immunoreactive interneurons, while the secondary nerve cells, whose axons enter the habenular commissure, were GABA-immunonegative. GABA-immunogold-labeled axons run between pinealocytes and form axo-dendritic synapses on intrapineal neurons. There is a similarity between the light and electron microscopic localization of Ca ions in the mammalian and submammalian pineal organs and retina of various vertebrates. Calcium pyroantimonate deposits–showing the presence of Ca ions–were found in the outer segments of the pineal and retinal photoreceptors of the frog. In the rat and human pineal organ, calcium accumulated on the plasmalemma of pinealocytes and intercellularly among pinealocytes. The formation of pineal concrements in mammals may be connected to the high need for Ca exchange of the pinealocytes for their supposed receptor and effector functions.

PMID:
1351408
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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Nonvisual photoreceptors of the deep brain, pineal organs and retina.

Vigh B, Manzano MJ, Zádori A, Frank CL, Lukáts A, Röhlich P, Szél A, Dávid C.

Source

Department of Human Morphology and Developmental Biology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary. vigh@ana2.sote.hu

Abstract

The role of the nonvisual photoreception is to synchronise periodic functions of living organisms to the environmental light periods in order to help survival of various species in different biotopes. In vertebrates, the so-called deep brain (septal and hypothalamic) photoreceptors, the pineal organs (pineal- and parapineal organs, frontal- and parietal eye) and the retina (of the “lateral” eye) are involved in the light-based entrain of endogenous circadian clocks present in various organs. In humans, photoperiodicity was studied in connection with sleep disturbances in shift work, seasonal depression, and in jet-lag of transmeridional travellers. In the present review, experimental and molecular aspects are discussed, focusing on the histological and histochemical basis of the function of nonvisual photoreceptors. We also offer a view about functional changes of these photoreceptors during pre- and postnatal development as well as about its possible evolution. Our scope in some points is different from the generally accepted views on the nonvisual photoreceptive systems. The deep brain photoreceptors are hypothalamic and septal nuclei of the periventricular cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-contacting neuronal system. Already present in the lancelet and representing the most ancient type of vertebrate nerve cells (“protoneurons”), CSF-contacting neurons are sensory-type cells sitting in the wall of the brain ventricles that send a ciliated dendritic process into the CSF. Various opsins and other members of the phototransduction cascade have been demonstrated in telencephalic and hypothalamic groups of these neurons. In all species examined so far, deep brain photoreceptors play a role in the circadian and circannual regulation of periodic functions. Mainly called pineal “glands” in the last decades, the pineal organs actually represent a differentiated form of encephalic photoreceptors. Supposed to be intra- and extracranially outgrown groups of deep brain photoreceptors, pineal organs also contain neurons and glial elements. Extracranial pineal organs of submammalians are cone-dominated photoreceptors sensitive to different wavelengths of light, while intracranial pineal organs predominantly contain rod-like photoreceptor cells and thus scotopic light receptors. Vitamin B-based light-sensitive cryptochromes localized immunocytochemically in some pineal cells may take part in both the photoreception and the pacemaker function of the pineal organ. In spite of expressing phototransduction cascade molecules and forming outer segment-like cilia in some species, the mammalian pineal is considered by most of the authors as a light-insensitive organ. Expression of phototransduction cascade molecules, predominantly in young animals, is a photoreceptor-like characteristic of pinealocytes in higher vertebrates that may contribute to a light-percepting task in the perinatal entrainment of rhythmic functions. In adult mammals, adrenergic nerves–mediating daily fluctuation of sympathetic activity rather than retinal light information as generally supposed–may sustain circadian periodicity already entrained by light perinatally. Altogether three phases were supposed to exist in pineal entrainment of internal pacemakers: an embryological synchronization by light and in viviparous vertebrates by maternal effects (1); a light-based, postnatal entrainment (2); and in adults, a maintenance of periodicity by daily sympathetic rhythm of the hypothalamus. In addition to its visual function, the lateral eye retina performs a nonvisual task. Nonvisual retinal light perception primarily entrains genetically-determined periodicity, such as rod-cone dominance, EEG rhythms or retinomotor movements. It also influences the suprachiasmatic nucleus, the primary pacemaker of the brain. As neither rods nor cones seem to represent the nonvisual retinal photoreceptors, the presence of additional photoreceptors has been supposed. Cryptochrome 1, a photosensitive molecule identified in retinal nerve cells and in a subpopulation of retinal photoreceptors, is a good candidate for the nonvisual photoreceptor molecule as well as for a member of pacemaker molecules in the retina. When comparing various visual and nonvisual photoreceptors, transitory, “semi visual” (directional) light-perceptive cells can be detected among them, such as those in the parietal eye of reptiles. Measuring diffuse light intensity of the environment, semivisual photoreceptors also possess some directional light perceptive capacity aided by complementary lens-like structures, and screening pigment cells. Semivisual photoreception in aquatic animals may serve for identifying environmental areas of suitable illumination, or in poikilotermic terrestrial species for measuring direct solar irradiation for thermoregulation. As directional photoreceptors were identified among nonvisual light perceptive cells in the lancelet, but eyes are lacking, an early appearance of semivisual function, prior to a visual one (nonvisual –> semivisual –> visual?) in the vertebrate evolution was supposed.

PMID:
11962759
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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The Pineal Gland

What is it?

The Pineal Gland

The pineal gland, the most enigmatic of endocrine organs, has long been of interest to anatomists. Several millennia ago it was thought to be a valve that controlled the flow of memories into consciousness. René Descartes, the 17th-century French philosopher-mathematician, concluded that the pineal was the seat of the soul. A corollary notion was that calcification of the pineal caused psychiatric disease, a concept that provided support for those who considered psychotic behavior to be rampant; modern examination techniques have revealed that all pineal glands become more or less calcified.

Pineal Gland Anatomy

The pineal organ is small, weighing little more than 0.1 gram. It lies deep within the brain between the two cerebral hemispheres and above the third ventricle of the spinal column. It has a rich supply of adrenergic nerve fibers that greatly influence its secretions. Microscopically, the gland is composed of pinealocytes (rather typical endocrine cells except for extensions that mingle with those of adjacent cells). Supporting cells that are similar to astrocytes of the brain are interspersed.

Pineal Gland Functions

Pineal Hormones

The pineal gland contains a number of peptides, including GnRH, TRH, and vasotocin, along with a number of important neurotransmitters such as somatostatin, norepinephrine, serotonin, and histamine. The major pineal hormone, however, is melatonin, a derivative of the amino acid tryptophan. Melatonin was first discovered because it lightens amphibian skin, an effect opposite to that of melanocyte-stimulating hormone of the anterior pituitary. Secretion of melatonin is enhanced whenever the sympathetic nervous system is stimulated. Of greater interest, however, is the fact that secretion increases soon after an animal is placed in the dark; the opposite effect takes place immediately upon exposure to light. Its major action, well documented in animals, is to block the secretion of GnRH by the hypothalamus and of gonadotropins by the pituitary. While it was long thought that a decrease in melatonin secretion heralded the onset of puberty, this hypothesis cannot be supported by studies in humans. It is possible that the pineal contains an as yet unidentified hormone that serves that function.
Melatonin is the major hormone secreted by the pineal gland. (The pineal gland is a tiny endocrine gland situated at the centre of the brain.) Melatonin was discovered in 1958 by Aaron B. Lerner and other researchers working at Yale University. Melatonin is produced in humans, other mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians. It is present in very small amounts in the human body.
Melatonin was previously known to cause the skins of amphibians to blanch, but its functions in mammals remained uncertain until research discoveries in the 1970s and ’80s suggested that it regulates both sleeping cycles and the hormonal changes that usher in sexual maturity during adolescence. The pineal gland’s production of melatonin varies both with the time of day and with age; production of melatonin is dramatically increased during the nighttime hours and falls off during the day, and melatonin levels are much higher in children under age seven than in adolescents and are lower still in adults. Melatonin apparently acts to keep a child’s body from undergoing sexual maturation, since sex hormones such as luteotropin, which play a role in the development of sexual organs, emerge only after melatonin levels have declined. This hypothesis is supported by the fact that children with tumors of the pineal gland often reach sexual maturity unusually early in life, presumably because the pineal’s production of melatonin has been hampered. Melatonin also seems to play an important role in regulating sleeping cycles; test subjects injected with the hormone become sleepy, suggesting that the increased production of melatonin coincident with nightfall acts as a fundamental mechanism for making people sleepy. With dawn the pineal gland stops producing melatonin, and wakefulness and alertness ensue. The high level of melatonin production in young children may explain their tendency to sleep longer than adults.
In mammals other than humans melatonin possibly acts as a breeding and mating cue, since it is produced in greater amounts in response to the longer nights of winter and less so during summer. Animals who time their mating or breeding to coincide with favorable seasons (such as spring) may depend on melatonin production as a kind of biological clock that regulates their reproductive cycles on the basis of the length of the solar day.

Pineal tumors

Pineal tumors are rare, occurring most often in children and young adults. The most common of these are germ cell tumors (germinomas and teratomas), which arise from embryonic remnants of germ cells. These tumors are malignant and invasive and may be life-threatening. Tumors of pinealocytes also occur and vary in their potential for malignant change.
Pineal tumors may cause headache, vomiting, and seizures due to the increase in pressure within the head that results from the enlarging tumor mass. Endocrinologic effects may also be observed. Some patients may become hypogonadal with regression of secondary sex characteristics, while others may undergo precocious puberty because of secretion of chorionic gonadotropin. Diabetes insipidus is frequently associated and is usually due to tumor invasion of the hypothalamus and posterior pituitary. Invasion of the pituitary stalk may interfere with the ongoing inhibition of prolactin secretion by dopamine from the hypothalamus, resulting in elevated serum prolactin levels, a finding that may lead to a mistaken diagnosis of prolactinoma. Treatment consists of surgical relief of the increased intracranial pressure and X-ray therapy.

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How to Clean Up the Pineal Gland

Cleaning up the Pineal Gland is useful for those wishing to develop their multidimensional perception. The Pineal gland will naturally make its own DMT when fully operational and we will be able to remain in a visionary state most of the time. An awakened pineal gland brings the ability to consciously astral travel, explore other dimensions, foresee the future and receive communications from loving dimensional beings.

DMT is a component of Ayahuasca – a plant medicine from the Amazon that brings profound physical and heart healing through its purgative effects and the perception of other dimensions. Those that use this medicine go into a period of “work” where issues come into awareness and can be healed with the insights that come from DMT consciousness.

The advantage of cleaning up our pineal gland so it makes its own DMT is that we can be in a continuous state of spiritual “work” and we are spared the purgative effects of drinking the ayahuasca. Thus we no longer need any medicines as an adjunct to our spiritual lives. DMT is a totally natural substance that the human body will manufacture and distribute when it is in a healed state. Thus it would appear human beings were intended to be visionary beings and be able to tap into the information in other dimensions. This dimensional perception transcends the ego and rapidly heals our sufferings, conflicts and thus karmas.
Here are some basics for pineal detox:
1. Mercury – this is really bad for the pineal gland. Its poison. Dont let this get into your body. Mercury tooth fillings are pineal toxins. Have them removed. All medical vaccines are also mercury tainted. Thimersal (a vaccine preservative) is methyl mercury and is very difficult to get out of the brain once its in there. Avoid eating fish and bottom feeders such as shrimps and prawns. Tuna and dolphin meat is particularly bad for mercury – the bigger the fish the higher the concentration of mercury in its body tissue.
Eco light bulbs – if one is smashed mercury vapour is released into the room and inhaled. Avoid at all costs breaking one indoors.
Mercury can be removed from the body by the daily use of chlorella, wheatgrass and spirulina. Cilantro herb taken daily can help remove mercury from brain tissue.
2. Fluoride – in toothpastes and tap water. Its another heavy duty poison. Avoid it at all costs. It calcifies the pineal tissue and basically shuts the gland down.
3. Organic foods – some pesticides are pineal toxins. Organic healthy food with a high ratio of raw is supportive to pineal detox. Meat is not helpful either. Some people who channel seem to not be affected but for many the toxicity and density of meat will pose challenges and we want to make the work easy if we can.
4. Alcohol + smoking. Naturally these need to go along with the emotional attachments to using them (usually boils down to self worth issues or unresolved trauma).
5. Heart Healing – raises the overal vibration of the being and heals fear – a useful advantage for when we start seeing other dimensions.
6. Other toxins – if something is toxic do not put it in your body. If you cant say its name its most likely bad. Toxins include artificial sweeteners (aspartame K) , refined sugar, phylenanine (in squashes), E numbers beginning with 1, deodorants, cleaning chemicals, dental mouthwashes (saltwater is suffice) and  air fresheners.
7. Raw chocolate. Raw cacao is a pineal gland stimulant / detoxifier in high doses because of the high antioxidant content.
Being disciplined with steps 1-6 for a year or so will certainly bring about pineal awakening. Step 6 is optional but very useful too.
Love and blessings,
Free Spirit.

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Fluoride & the Pineal Gland

Summation – Fluoride & Pineal Gland:

Up until the 1990s, no research had ever been conducted to determine the impact of fluoride on the pineal gland – a small gland located between the two hemispheres of the brain that regulates the production of the hormone melatonin. Melatonin is a hormone that helps regulate the onset of puberty and helps protect the body from cell damage caused by free radicals.

It is now known – thanks to the meticulous research of Dr. Jennifer Luke from the University of Surrey in England – that the pineal gland is the primary target of fluoride accumulation within the body.

The soft tissue of the adult pineal gland contains more fluoride than any other soft tissue in the body – a level of fluoride (~300 ppm) capable of inhibiting enzymes.

The pineal gland also contains hard tissue (hyroxyapatite crystals), and this hard tissue accumulates more fluoride (up to 21,000 ppm) than any other hard tissue in the body (e.g. teeth and bone).

After finding that the pineal gland is a major target for fluoride accumulation in humans, Dr. Luke conducted animal experiments to determine if the accumulated fluoride could impact the functioning of the gland – particulalry the gland’s regulation of melatonin.

Luke found that animals treated with fluoride had lower levels of circulating melatonin, as reflected by reduced levels of melatonin metabolites in the animals’ urine. This reduced level of circulating melatonin was accompanied – as might be expected – by an earlier onset of puberty in the fluoride-treated female animals.

Luke summarized her human and animal findings as follows:

“In conclusion, the human pineal gland contains the highest concentration of fluoride in the body. Fluoride is associated with depressed pineal melatonin synthesis by prepubertal gerbils and an accelerated onset of sexual maturation in the female gerbil. The results strengthen the hypothesis that the pineal has a role in the timing of the onset of puberty. Whether or not fluoride interferes with pineal function in humans requires further investigation.”

Online Papers - Fluoride & the Pineal Gland:

FULL TEXT – html: Luke J. (2001). Fluoride deposition in the aged human pineal gland. Caries Research 35:125-128.

FULL TEXT- pdf: • Luke J. (1997). PhD Thesis: The Effect of Fluoride on the Physiology of the Pineal Gland (298 pages)

EXCERPT – html: Luke J. (1997). The Effect of Fluoride on the Physiology of the Pineal Gland. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Surrey, Guildford.

Articles of Interest - Fluoride & the Pineal Gland:

Fluoride & the Pineal Gland: Study Published in Caries Research IFIN Bulletin, March 2001

Fluoride & Oxidative Stress: Yet more evidence FAN Science Watch September 30, 2004

Summation - Fluoride & Pineal Gland: (back to top)

“The single animal study of pineal function indicates that fluoride exposure results in altered melatonin production and altered timing of sexual maturity. Whether fluoride affects pineal function in humans remains to be demonstrated. The two studies of menarcheal age in humans show the possibility of earlier menarche in some individuals exposed to fluoride, but no definitive statement can be made. Recent information on the role of the pineal organ in humans suggests that any agent that affects pineal function could affect human health in a variety of ways, including effects on sexual maturation, calcium metabolism, parathyroid function, postmenopausal osteoporosis, cancer, and psychiatric disease.”
SOURCE: National Research Council. (2006). Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Scientific Review of EPA’s Standards. National Academies Press, Washington D.C. p221-22.

“In conclusion, the human pineal gland contains the highest concentration of fluoride in the body. Fluoride is associated with depressed pineal melatonin synthesis by prepubertal gerbils and an accelerated onset of sexual maturation in the female gerbil. The results strengthen the hypothesis that the pineal has a role in the timing of the onset of puberty. Whether or not fluoride interferes with pineal function in humans requires further investigation.”
SOURCE: Luke J. (1997). The Effect of Fluoride on the Physiology of the Pineal Gland. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Surrey, Guildford. p. 177.

Fluoride & Pineal Gland - Never Studied before 1990s:(back to top)

“It is remarkable that the pineal gland has never been analysed separately for F because it has several features which suggest that it could accumulate F. It has the highest calcium concentration of any normal soft tissue in the body because it calcifies physiologically in the form of hydroxyapatite (HA). It has a high metabolic activity coupled with a very profuse blood supply: two factors favouring the deposition of F in mineralizing tissues. The fact that the pineal is outside the blood-brain barrier suggests that pineal HA could sequester F from the bloodstream if it has the same strong affinity for F as HA in the other mineralizing tissues. The intensity of the toxic effects of most drugs depends upon their concentration at the site of action. The mineralizing tissues (bone and teeth) accumulate high concentrations of F and are the first to show toxic reactions to F. Hence, their reactions to F have been especially well studied. If F accumulates in the pineal gland, then this points to a gap in our knowledge about whether or not F affects pineal physiology. It was the lack of knowledge in this area that prompted my study.”
SOURCE: Luke J. (1997). The Effect of Fluoride on the Physiology of the Pineal Gland. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Surrey, Guildford. p. 1-2.

Fluoride & Pineal Gland - Accumulation of Fluoride in Soft Tissue of Pineal Gland: (back to top)

“After half a century of the prophylactic use of fluorides in dentistry, we now know that fluoride readily accumulates in the human pineal gland. In fact, the aged pineal contains more fluoride than any other normal soft tissue. The concentration of fluoride in the pineal was significantly higher (p <0.001) than in corresponding muscle, i.e., 296 ± 257 vs. 0.5± 0.4 mg/kg (wet weight) respectively.”
SOURCE: Luke J. (1997). The Effect of Fluoride on the Physiology of the Pineal Gland. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Surrey, Guildford. p. 167.

Fluoride & Pineal Gland - Accumulation of Fluoride in Calcified Tissue of Pineal Gland: (back to top)

“In terms of mineralized tissue, the mean fluoride concentration in the pineal calcification was equivalent to that in severely fluorosed bone and more than four times higher than in corresponding bone ash, i.e., 8,900 ± 7,700 vs. 2,040 ± 1,100 mg/kg, respectively. The calcification in two of the 11 pineals analysed in this study contained extremely high levels of fluoride: 21,800 and 20,500 mg/kg.”
SOURCE: Luke J. (1997). The Effect of Fluoride on the Physiology of the Pineal Gland. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Surrey, Guildford. p. 167.

Fluoride & Pineal Gland - Analagous to Dental Fluorosis? (back to top)

“Fluoride is now introduced at a much earlier stage of human development than ever before and consequently alters the normal fluoride-pharmacokinetics in infants. But can one dramatically increase the normal fluoride-intake to infants and get away with it? The safety of the use of fluorides ultimately rests on the assumption that the developing enamel organ is most sensitive to the toxic effects of fluoride. The results from this study suggest that the pinealocytes may be as susceptible to fluoride as the developing enamel organ.”
SOURCE: Luke J. (1997). The Effect of Fluoride on the Physiology of the Pineal Gland. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Surrey, Guildford. p. 176.

“Alongside the calcification in the developing enamel organ, calcification is also occurring in the child’s pineal. It is a normal physiological process. A complex series of enzymatic reactions within the pinealocytes converts the essential amino acid, tryptophan, to a whole family of indoles. The main pineal hormone is melatonin (MT)… If F accumulates in the pineal gland during early childhood, it could affect pineal indole metabolism in much the same way that high local concentrations of F in enamel organ and bone affect the metabolism of ameloblasts and osteoblasts.”
SOURCE: Luke J. (1997). The Effect of Fluoride on the Physiology of the Pineal Gland. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Surrey, Guildford. p. 5.

“Any adverse physiological effects of fluoride depend upon the concentration at various tissue sites. Can pinealocytes function normally in close proximity to high concentrations of fluoride? One would predict that a high local fluoride concentration would affect pinealocyte function in an analogous way that a high local fluoride concentration affects: i) bone cells, since histological changes have been observed in bone with 2,000 mg F/kg (Baud et al, 1978); ii) ameloblasts, sincedental fluorosis develops following fluoride concentrations of 0.2 mg F/kg in the developing enamel organ (Bawden et al, 1992). The consequences are disturbances in the functions of bone and enamel, i.e., changes in structure (poorly mineralized bone and enamel). If the pineal accumulates fluoride at an earlier age than in previous decades, one would anticipate that a high local concentration of fluoride within the pineal would affect the functions of the pineal, i.e., the synthesis of hormonal products, specifically melatonin… The controlled animal study carried out in this study produce compelling evidence that fluoride inhibits pineal melatonin output during pubertal development in the gerbil.”
SOURCE: Luke J. (1997). The Effect of Fluoride on the Physiology of the Pineal Gland. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Surrey, Guildford. p. 168-169.

Fluoride & Pineal Gland - Earlier Puberty in Animals: (back to top)

“The section on the effects of fluoride on the physiological signs of sexual maturity in the gerbil was a preliminary, pilot study. There were not enough subjects to make any firm conclusions so an interpretation of the data is conjectural. However, the results do suggest that the HF (High-Fluoride) females had an accelerated onset of puberty as judged by several indices of pubertal development in rodents. At 7 weeks, the HF females were significantly heavier than the LF females (p < 0.004); as heavy as the HF males and LF males. The ventral gland in the HF female developed significantly earlier than in the LF female (p < 0.004). Vaginal opening occurred earlier in the HF female than in the LF female (p <0.03).”
SOURCE: Luke J. (1997). The Effect of Fluoride on the Physiology of the Pineal Gland. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Surrey, Guildford. p. 173-174.

Fluoride & Pineal Gland - Earlier Puberty in Humans? (back to top)

“The first step in assessing a health risk by a substance to humans is the identification of its harmful effects on animals. A health risk to humans is assessed using results from human epidemiological studies in conjunction with results from animal studies. The Newburgh-Kingston Study (Schlesinger et al, 1956) showed an earlier age of first menarche in girls living in the fluoridated Newburgh than in unfluoridated Kingston. The current animal study indicates that fluoride is associated with an earlier onset of puberty in female gerbils. Furthermore, more research was recommended on the effects of fluoride on animal and human reproduction (USPHS, 1991). This project has contributed new knowledge in this area.”
SOURCE: Luke J. (1997). The Effect of Fluoride on the Physiology of the Pineal Gland. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Surrey, Guildford. p. 177.

Fluoride & Pineal Gland - Mechanism of Action: (back to top)

“The most plausible hypothesis for the observed significant decrease in the rate of urinary aMT6s excretion by the HF (High-Fluoride) group is that fluoride affects the pineal’s ability to synthesize melatonin during pubertal development in the gerbil. Fluoride may affect the enzymatic conversion of tryptophan to melatonin. Although melatonin was the hormone investigated in this project, fluoride may also affect the synthesis of melatonin precursors, (e.g., serotonin), or other pineal products, (e.g., 5-methoxytryptamine). This would depend on the position(s) of the susceptible enzyme(s). For some unknown reason, pineal calcification starts intracellularly. Calcium has been demonstrated in pinealocyte mitochondria. Therefore, it may be a mitochondrial enzyme that is sensitive to the effects of fluoride, e.g., tryptophan-5-hydroxylase. Alternatively, fluoride may affect pinealocyte enzymes which require a divalent co-enzyme because such enzymes are particularly sensitive to fluoride.”
SOURCE: Luke J. (1997). The Effect of Fluoride on the Physiology of the Pineal Gland. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Surrey, Guildford. p. 172-173.

Fluoride & Pineal Gland - Discussion: (back to top)

“Fluoride is now introduced at a much earlier stage of human development than ever before and consequently alters the normal fluoride-pharmacokinetics in infants.

But can one dramatically increase the normal fluoride-intake to infants and get away with it? The safety of the use of fluorides ultimately rests on the assumption that the developing enamel organ is most sensitive to the toxic effects of fluoride. The results from this study suggest that the pinealocytes may be as susceptible to fluoride as the developing enamel organ. The possibility of a species difference between humans and gerbils does not allow the extrapolation of the gerbil data to humans. However, if increased plasma-fluoride levels cause a decline in the levels of circulating melatonin during early human development, significant physiological consequences may have already occurred. Changes in plasma melatonin concentrations are serious functional disturbances because melatonin has many functions in the organism. The pinealogists have not completely unravelled the mechanisms by which the pineal gland performs its tasks in the brain. The neurochemical phenomenon elicited by melatonin in CNS are unclear.

The first step in assessing a health risk by a substance to humans is the identification of its harmful effects on animals. A health risk to humans is assessed using results from human epidemiological studies in conjunction with results from animal studies. The Newburgh-Kingston Study (Schlesinger et al, 1956) showed an earlier age of first menarche in girls living in the fluoridated Newburgh than in unfluoridated Kingston. The current animal study indicates that fluoride is associated with an earlier onset of puberty in female gerbils. Furthermore, more research was recommended on the effects of fluoride on animal and human reproduction (USPHS, 1991). This project has contributed new knowledge in this area.

I do not intend to discuss the relative merits of the claims made by the anti-fluoridationists that chronic ingestion of low levels of fluoride has harmful effects on human health, i.e., increases the risk of cancer, affects the immune system, and hastens the aging process. These claims could be associated with the effects of fluoride on the pineal because the gland has been linked to oncogenesis, immunocompetence, and, in recent years, to the process of aging.

In conclusion, the human pineal gland contains the highest concentration of fluoride in the body. Fluoride is associated with depressed pineal melatonin synthesis by prepubertal gerbils and an accelerated onset of sexual maturation in the female gerbil. The results strengthen the hypothesis that the pineal has a role in the timing of the onset of puberty. Whether or not fluoride interferes with pineal function in humans requires further investigation.”
SOURCE: Luke J. (1997). The Effect of Fluoride on the Physiology of the Pineal Gland. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Surrey, Guildford. p. 176-177.

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The Pineal Gland – The Bridge to Divine

 Consciousness

Part 1: Overview, Glands and Chakras

by Scott Mowry

INTRODUCTION
Although we often think of the organs in our bodies, such as the heart, lungs and kidneys, as the most important for our survival, yet our glands may play an even more crucial role when it comes to the interaction with the soul and consciousness.

Our bodies contain numerous glands within them. The glands are vital regulators of the body’s energy systems and as is now being discovered, they have a direct relationship to our Divine origins as spiritual beings.

Perhaps the single most important and essential gland in the entire body system is the pineal gland, so named for its shape, similar to that of a pine cone. David Wilcock’s in-depth research has uncovered some amazing functions of the this gland and its relation to our spiritual bodies.

The pineal gland is located within the precise geometric center of the brain. And although larger in children, as we age, it reduces in size to that of a pea as it undergoes a gradual calcification process. The optimum size of the pineal gland, when fully engorged and activated, is that of a grape.

GLANDS AND CHAKRAS

Glands are directly tied to the seven chakra energy points (pictured left) that begin at the groin area, move up through the body, and end at the crown of the head. The pineal gland is linked directly to the sixth chakra point, located between the eyebrows, which is commonly known as the “third eye.” French philosopher and scientist, René Descartesreferred to it as “the seat of the soul.” And for good reason.

What makes the pineal gland so important in terms of consciousness, is the vast amount of energy and blood that flows through it, more so than any other gland in the human body.

The pineal gland also is also the storehouse of imagination and creation. The very same rods and cones found within the eyes, can also be found within the composition of the pineal gland. With this similar type of physiology, the pineal gland allows us to visualize or imagine scenarios, fantasies, memories, dreams or any other visual constructs. Have you ever heard the expressions, “in the mind’s eye,” or “the third eye” or “the sixth sense?” These phrases are all referring directly to the function of the pineal gland.

The pineal gland is also responsible for secreting two extremely vital brain fluids related to our mental health. Those are,melatonin, which is the hormone that induces sleep, and serotonin, which is the chemical that helps to maintain a happy, healthy balanced mental state of mind, among other functions.

Anti-depressant drugs, such as Prozac and Zoloft, are often prescribed to raise the serotonin levels within the brain chemistry. While psychedelic drugs, such as LSD and DMT, (or Dimethyltryptamin, yet another natural tryptamine found in the brain), as well as, some shamanic substances, like peyote, ahuyasca and mushrooms, often mimic the chemical action of that of serotonin.

DMT is a natural substance found in many plant species and, although research is just in its initial stages, there is strong speculation emerging that DMT is produced naturally in the pineal gland, as well.

Hence, the “psychedelic,” hallucinatory or shamanic trips that are experienced when one takes these types of drugs or substances. The psychedelic journeys are all being accessed and experienced within the realms of the pineal gland.

As we grow older, the pineal gland begins to calcify from the numerous substances and hormones found in our foods including soft drinks, processed foods and refined sugars that contribute to this degenerative effect. There are even some who have uncovered scientific research that point to psyche drugs, anti-depressant, and fluoride in the water systems that may be causing irreparable damage to the pineal gland, as well.

(For products that assist to decalcify the pineal gland, see our Health and Wellness section Part 3.)

Within the last several years, there has been a growing suspicion that cell phones, with their dangerous radiation fields, may also be attacking the pineal gland and causing it great harm. Even computer wi-fi network routers are also being suspected as another harmful source to the brain and the pineal gland.

© 2009 MR, Productions, LLC

Part 2: History, Kundalini and the All-Seeing Eye

by Scott Mowry

THE PINEAL GLAND THROUGHOUT HISTORY
Given all of these conditions, it would appear as if there has been a concerted effort, throughout many years, to actively shut down the pineal gland and render it inert, due to its supreme importance in its connection to consciousness, and thus, awakening. And there is ample proof to discover that the pineal gland has been widely recognized throughout history by all ancient cultures and religions as being of great significance.

In his amazing video lecture, “The 2012 Enigma,” David Wilcock covers in great detail, many of the ancient cultures and religions that have prominently featured the pine cone in their symbolism and iconography. And the list is astounding.

These include the Sumerians, the Egyptians, the Babylonians, the Hindus, the Romans, the Greeks, the Buddhists, the Meso-Americans and most particularly, the Catholic Church and the Vatican, among many others.

In fact, the Vatican has constructed an area within its grounds known as“the Court of the Pigna,” or “Court of the Pine” (pictured right) and is symbolized by an extremely large statue of a pine cone that dominates the entire space. This pine cone statue is thought to be the largest of its kind in the entire world! Perhaps the Vatican knows more about the function of the pineal gland than it has so far revealed.

THE PINEAL GLAND AS A TRANSMITTER
Research is now coming to light that the pineal gland contains within its structure a zirconium diamond, similar to that used in a radio, that can literally function as a transmitter device. In fact, it is now being widely reported that the cell phone industry is actively researching this very effect and may be attempting to harness its potential in future cell phone technology.

The zirconium diamond can be found in other animal species, as well. In birds, for instance, it acts as a sort of GPS device, that assists in the navigation process as they travel great distances in their migratory stages.

Is it possible that cell phones are or will be linking in to this zirconium diamond in the human brain when activated to create some sort of a super wireless transmitter? There is also a great deal of controversy regarding the mass construction of cell towers throughout the country that are contributing to the alarming levels of EMF (or Electromagnetic Field) pollution, along with the growing number of wi-fi networks.

KUNDALINI and THE ALL-SEEING EYE
As the serpent-like kundalini energy moves up through the body and climbs the ladder of the chakra points, it reaches its zenith at the third eye and the pineal gland. It is during this process that the super consciousness or Divine consciousness becomes activated. As this process unfolds, it opens up the third eye, or the mind’s eye, or the sixth sense, as it is known, which essentially is the all knowing, all-seeing consciousness. Again, we can clearly find the link between the eyes and the pineal gland.

This third eye opening would then explain the predominance of the symbolism

of the all-seeing eye, (also known as “the eye of Horus” from Egyptian mysticism), prominently featured on the United Statesdollar bill, (pictured right) as a prime example. A parallel connection can then be made to the symbolism of the ancient pyramids on the Giza plateau in Egypt, and other parts of the world, that often have missing capstones, also symbolized on the dollar bill.

The all-seeing eye, may well be making reference to the pineal gland as the key to awakening, while at the same time, the master of control.

Therefore, within the realms of the pineal gland may lie the secrets to anti-aging, time travel, teleportation, the astral plane, telepathy, etc., in addition to, the all-knowing, all-seeing consciousness. David Wilcock has even stated that the pineal gland may act as a personal stargate within us.

“We all have this stargate in our own brain which we access primarily through meditation and stilling of the mind,” he said in a recent audio interview with Project Camelot. “(By) allowing the obstructions to fall away so that we get this sort of natural, intuitive, bubbling-up, which most people think of is daydreaming, they don’t think it has any value.”

“But when you go in that meditative state where thoughts just naturally surface in your mind without really having to work for them, that is actually the feed from your sub-conscious, super-consciousness, that comes through the pineal gateway,” he added.

Part 3: The Sacred Mushroom, Enthogens and DMT

by Scott Mowry

THE PINEAL GLAND and THE SACRED MUSHROOM
Here is where the story gets even more interesting.

Believe it or not, there is a direct link of the pineal gland to the legends of Christmas, Santa Claus, Jesus and, once again, to the Vatican, and it all has to do with the magical powers of an amazing plant known as the Amanita Muscaria mushroom.

The Amanita Muscaria or the Flying Agaric mushroom is referred to as an entheogen, or, a sacred plant. An entheogen is defined as “a chemical substance, typically of plant origin, that is ingested to produce a nonordinary state of consciousness for religious or spiritual purposes.”

This particular species of mushroom (pictured right) is a strikingly beautiful, brilliant red in color with white polka dots on its cap, and a long white stem which features a skirt or veil about halfway down. Quite astonishingly, the image of the Amanita Muscaria mushroom can be found in religious and spiritual iconography throughout many ancient civilizations, just as the pine cone/pineal gland symbolism.

The Amanita Muscaria mushroom contains a very high concentration of DMT and is considered to be the most naturally potent forms to be found in all of nature. It has been used in ancient rituals for thousands of years to induce an altered state of consciousness, or a “psychedelic” experience.

DMT is found in thousands of other plant species and is also the main ingredient in other shamanic potions such as the aforementioned ayuasca and peyote.

In so-called modern times, a psychedelic experience has often been negatively associated with drugs such as LSD or “acid,” emanating from the Hippie Movement of the 1960′s, yet the more accurate definition has ancient origins. In Latin, “psyche” means “mind,” while “delic,” or “delos,” means to “make clear or visible.” Therefore, psychedelic literally means “making the mind clear or visible.”

These sacred plants have been used in mystical ceremonies and often administered by a shaman, or a medicine man, to activate the pineal gland and take one on a psychedelic, spiritual experience that can be consciousness expanding and life-altering for the participant.

“THE SACRED MUSHROOM AND THE CROSS”

British scholar, philologist, author and Dead Sea Scrolls researcher, John Marco Allegro detailed the secret powers of the Amanita Muscaria mushroom in his amazing, yet controversial, book, “The Sacred Mushroom and The Cross,”(pictured left) originally published in 1970. This book has been out of print since 1985, however, efforts are now being made to re-release it sometime in 2009.

“The Sacred Mushroom and The Cross” sought to closely examine the myths of Jesus, the Bible, Christianity and other religions, and the role that the mushroom has played within religious or spiritual traditions by dispelling the myths from the historical records.

It basically set forth the notion that Christianity was nothing more than an off-shoot of astrotheology, and that the origins of Christian myths date back to ancient drug and fertility cults that relied heavily upon the symbolic representations of the psychedelic powers of the Amanita Muscaria mushroom.

Mr. Allegro was roundly criticized and his scholarly career ruined by those who vehemently disagreed with his research, particularly from Christian organizations and the Vatican. Yet, there has been a new found appreciation of his pioneering work, thanks in large part to the efforts of an organization known as Gnostic Media.

Gnostic Media has created an excellent video reviewing much of the research uncovered in “The Sacred Mushroom and the Cross” that is entitled “The Pharmacratic Inquisition,” produced by the team of Jan Irvin and Andrew Rutajit.

There are two different versions of “The Pharmacratic Inquisition,” the first incarnation being a lecture format released in 2004, while the second, “The Online Edition,” is a more polished video production and was re-released in 2007. Both are highly recommended.

“The Pharmacratic Inquisition” pre-dates a similarly themed film, “Zeitgeist,” by two years, which has become an internet sensation in 2006 and also is highly recommended. In addition, the Gnostic Media team has written a companion book to “The Pharmacratic Inquisition” entitled, “Astrotheology and Shamanism: Unveiling the Law of Duality in Christianity and Other Religions.”

Jan Irvin also released his latest book in 2009 entitled, “The Holy Mushroom: Evidence of Mushrooms in Judeo-Christianity: A critical re-evaluation of the schism between John M. Allegro and R. Gordon Wasson over the theory on the entheogenic origins of Christianity presented in the Sacred Mushroom and the Cross”.

Part 4: The Legends of Christmas and Santa Claus

by Scott Mowry

AMANITA MUSCARIA and THE LEGEND OF CHRISTMAS
The correlation of the Amanita Muscaria mushroom to the story of Christmas and Santa Claus is a truly fascinating tale. The legend, or more accurately, the myth of Christmas, began very differently from what we have come to believe in today.

Saint Nicholas (270-346 AD), it was said, was a real person and widely recognized as an actual Christian saint. He has origins in Greece around the third century AD. Saint Nicholas,
(pictured left), became well known as the patron saint of sailors, and most especially, of children. His popularity became widespread throughout Russia, and, most particularly, Siberia.

It is purported that Saint Nicholas was perscecuted for his Christian faith by the brutal Roman Emporer Diocletian (284-305 AD). Yet, perhaps, the story of his oppression may be more about supporting the Christian myth, than to historical accuracy, simply due to the fact that this appears to be a common thread. Wherein there have been numerous distortions and outright falsehoods centered around the legend of Christmas.

Somewhere along the way, Saint Nicholas morphed into Saint Nick, and eventually, so we are told, he became the origin of our modern day version of Santa Claus. Again, this blantanly appears to be more Christian myth, than reality.

However, when you add in the birth of the Jesus Christ into the mix, then religion drastically blurs the facts to support the Christian dogma, as put forth most notably by the Catholic Church. Christian mythology tells us that the holiday of Christmas is to commerate the alledged birth of Christ on Decmber 25th. Yet many alternative scholars have pinpointed his actual birth at around August 8th.

The Christian version of the birth of Jesus; ie, born of a virgin, in a manger, attended by three wise men, etc., is one that is often repeated throughout history, and may actually be based upon paganism and the astrological movement of the planets, Sun and stars. The film, “Zeitgeist” offers futher perspectives on the astonishing similiarites of the life of Jesus, to that of other significant religious figures, such as Horus, Krishna, Dionysus, Mithra and others.

However, in parts of eastern Siberia, a much different tradition was honored at this momentous time of year we have come to know as Christmas. In these ancient villages, the tribal shaman or medicine man, would be the one to co-ordinate a celebration that was meant to mark an act of expanding consciousness.

During those times, it was a tradition for the shaman to venture out into the forest in search

of the Amanita Muscaria mushrooms, which were found growing primarily under pine or evergreen trees. The shaman would collect the mushrooms into a sack or satchel for all the people of his village, as part of this celebration. In keeping with the ritual, the shaman would be dressed in a red and white clothing,(pictured right), sometimes with white fur around the collar, to symbolize the colors of the Amanita Muscaria mushroom.

The people of his village all lived in yurts, which were tent-like structures covered with reindeer skins. In the winter time, the main entrance to the yurts would often become buried in deep, heavy snow. So, out of necessity, the shaman would have to enter the home through the secondary entrance, which would be found at the top of the roof or the smoke hole, which would be considered to be the chimney in a modern home.

The shaman entering through the chimney was seen as both a symbolic, as well as, a necessary gesture, as he came bearing his gifts of the sacred Amanita Muscaria mushrooms, as if descending down from the heavens. Hence the legend of Santa Claus entering the home by way of the chimney.

Once the shaman delivered his “presents” to his villagers, the mushrooms would then be hung to dry above the home fires or the fireplace, suspended from strings or stockings. The shaman himself, may have even have placed them on the pine trees to dry in the sun, as he gathered them in the forest. Thus, our tradition of hanging stockings by the fireplace and placing brightly colored ornaments on the green Christmas tree.

The mushroom itself, (pictured below), could be seen as a symbol for the shaman (pictured above), or Santa

Claus, with its red and white cap (Santa’s hat), the long white stem with the hanging skirt (Santa’s beard) and the soiled black roots (Santa’s black boots).

To add even more irony to the story, it turns out that caribou, or reindeer, are also fond of eating the Amanita Muscaria mushrooms and just as humans, they too experience a psychedelic euphoria and may wander about high on a psychedelic experience of their own. Therefore, this is where the legend of Santa and his “flying” reindeer that pull his sleigh across the night sky on Christmas Eve comes into play.

So in essence, Christmas, at is

very incepetion, actually represents a celebration of expanding consciousness, as symbolized by the green pine tree/Christmas tree, aka, the pine cone, aka, the pineal gland. The pine tree also serves as symbology for the “Tree of Life”or the “World Tree”, while the lights or garlands we wrap around it represent the kundalini energy rising up the chakra ladder, or, the tree found within the human body.

While the colors of red and white would symbolize the shaman, (aka Santa Claus), or the gifts found under the tree, or in other words, the Amanita Muscaria mushroom that are found growing under the pine or evergreen tree.

In fact, it used to be traditional for the red and white mushroom to often be depicted in antique Christmas imagery (pictured below), such as cards, ornaments, elves, fairies, etc.

While the modern day image of Santa Claus (pictured left) that we have come to accept in this country, essentially was spawned in the marketing department of the Coca-Cola company in the 1930′s, as a ploy to sell more Coke to children. And as was noted earlier, soft drinks, such as Coca-Cola, are some of the main inhibitors in the healthy function of the pineal gland.

Coincidence? You decide.

So thus, the legend of Santa Claus, which was once strongly associated with a celebration of expanding consciousness in the pineal gland though the sacred mushroom and DMT, was rechristend by a soft drink company, whose ingredients are known to contribute to the calcification of said pineal gland.

Regardless, it is undeniable that the celebration of Christmas has lost much of its spiritual, and even to some extent its religious importance and has become completely overshadowed by its commercial significance. Once again, another common thread that now runs through all holidays such as Easter, Halloween, Valentine’s Day and even, to a lesser degree, our own birthdays.

The commercialization of religious holidays can be traced back to the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, which significantly altered the concept of time as was practised and followed by indigenous peoples around the world.

Particularly, the Mayan calendar, which were destroyed on orders by the Spanish King, who just happened to be the head of the Holy Roman Empire.

Part 5: Jesus and the Sacred Mushroom

by Scott Mowry

THE AMANITA MUSCARIA MUSHROOM and THE VATICAN
We have already seen how the Catholic Church has placed extreme importance upon the pine cone symbolism in their Court of Pine (found in Part 2) with their gigantic pine cone statue within the grounds of Vatican City. Well, as it so happens, the Catholic Church places equal significance upon the Amanita Muscaria mushroom, believe it or not.

As a matter of fact, just as Siberian shaman dressed in a clothing to resemble the sacred mushroom, so do the Cardinals and Bishops within the Catholic Church, and even on occasion, the Pope himself.

Their traditional style of dress includes a cap or beanie worn upon the top of the head, a red shawl or cape over the upper body, a white apron or skirt upon the lower body, and a pair black shoes to complete the ensemble. You can compare the Cardinal’s dress in the photo above with that of the mushroom and see how strikingly similar they are. Surely, this is not a coincidence.

What possible reason would a Catholic cardinal have to dress like an Amanita Muscaria

mushroom, of all things?

That question can be answered always the same, time and time again, when it comes to uncovering sacred knowledge: the clues are always strategically hidden in plain sight.

By dressing in this manner, the Vatican is symbolizing that it posseses the sacred powers of the mushroom, but would never, ever openly acknowledge these secrets to its followers, as it has kept hidden countless other great spiritual secrets of the world.

Afterall, the Vatican secret archives are proported to stretch some sixty miles of underground catacombs beneath Vatican City, which likely contain inumerable treasures that could free mankind of spiritual slavery.

In the latest film from the Da Vinci Code series, “Angels & Demons,” we are given just a glimpse of what could be stored within the massive underground chambers, which may soon be revealed to the people of the world, perhaps as early as the year 2012.

Yet the Vatican can blatantly display and mock their power over those who have no idea of these great secrets that can be found all around us. Sometimes as close as the nearby forest, to name but one. And it only takes the sacred knowledge to unlock those secrets.

But this is not the end of the mushroom symbolism for it continues on in the story of Jesus Christ, the Son of “sun” of God, as well.

JESUS AND THE HOLY MUSHROOM
In ancient religious iconography, the mushroom is often symbolized by a cross. In turn, the image of Jesus crucified on the cross is remarkedly similar to the compostion of the Amanita Muscaria mushroom.

From the top of the head of Jesus, where we find the crown of thorns, we see a similar image on the cap of the mushroom where white speckles remain from its separation from the egg stage as the mushroom grows.

Secondly, Jesus’ arms spread out on the horizontal section of the cross is representative of the veil of the mushroom. Moving down the body of Jesus we find a sash or cloth covering his pelvis, which is quite similar the the skirt that is found about half way down the stem of the mushroom.

Finally, as Jesus has been nailed to the cross with his feet on top of one another, this essentially portrays him standing upon one leg. This would be representative of the long stem of the Amanita Muscaria mushroom holding up the cap.

If we also examine the halo often found in religious art that surrounds the head of Jesus and other saints, these are commonly assumed to contain rays of the sun. Yet there is a striking similarity to the underside of the cap of the mushroom, which portrays an intricate spoke pattern within its wheel.

Therefore, it is not a stretch to believe that the halo is not reprensentative of the sun, but rather yet another symbol for the sacred mushroom.

Religion and psychedelic journeys of the mind –– not that distant of cousins afterall. And it is all there for you to see. Just check the ancient clues and you will find them.

© 2009 MR, Productions, LLC

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The Pineal Gland

The pineal gland was called the “third eye” by ancient people. It was thought to have mystical powers. This may be why the French philosopher Descartes decided that the pineal gland was the seat of the human soul, the location of what we call the mind. The pineal does contain a complete map of the visual field of the eyes, and it plays several significant roles in human functioning.

Also called the pineal body or epiphysis cerebri, the pineal gland is important to this discussion for two reasons. First, it is the center for the production of the hormone melatonin. Melatonin is implicated in a wide range of human activities. It regulates daily body rhythms, most notably the day/night cycle (circadian rhythms). Melatonin is released in the dark, during sleep. The recent melatonin craze sweeping through the health conscious community makes claims that the hormone slows the aging process (a defense against free radicals), prevents jet lag, is implicated in seasonal affective disorder, coordinates fertility, and allows for deep restful sleep patterns.

Melatonin is a very ancient hormone that is found throughout the animal kingdom. In reptiles and birds the pineal is close to the skin and needs no interaction with the eye to register day/night cycles (this is where the notion of the ‘third eye” comes from). In these animals, the pineal gland is the master clock. In mammals, however, the pineal gland is subordinate to the eye/SCN system. Light severely curtails the production of melatonin.

Melatonin has been shown to inhibit the growth and metastasis of some tumors in experimental animals, and may therefore play a role in cancer inhibition. Removal of the pineal gland and/or reduction in melatonin output have been implicated in the increased incidence of breast cancer in laboratory animals. Patients who have breast cancer have lower levels of melatonin in the blood. The hormone has also been shown to be protective against genetic damage, and it has a stimulatory effect on the immune system.

The anticancer role of melatonin in humans is not established yet, but in a study involving blind women, melatonin production was found to be higher at all times. This finding was associated with the finding that breast cancer in this study was correspondingly lower for these blind women compared to the general population.

The pineal gland has been implicated in a number of disorders including cancer, sexual dysfunction, hypertension, epilepsy, and Paget’s disease. The pineal gland calcifies with age and melatonin production correspondingly decreases. This decline in melatonin has been suggested to be a trigger for the aging process.

Environmental stresses affect pineal function, impacting overall body alertness, temperature levels, and hormone operation. Stresses that affect pineal function include unusual light and dark rhythms, radiation, magnetic fields, nutritional imbalances, temperature swings, high altitude, and overall daily stress patterns.

Melatonin, if any of these claims turn out to be substantial, is a powerful body chemical, with important implications for human functioning, especially (I would suggest) for blind and visually impaired individuals. If light inhibits melatonin production, then blind individuals lack a mechanism for balancing the melatonin levels in the blood.

Melatonin overload may be related to seasonal affective disorder, the depression some people feel during the overcast, short days of the winter months (when there is minimal sunlight). Are blind individuals more susceptible to depression because of a melatonin imbalance?

I’ve worked with enough blind children to know that their sleep patterns get all messed up. We usually tell parents that the reason is simply a lack of feedback about when day has set and night is here. We establish a routine for the blind students that replaces the natural rhythm. The role of melatonin may be important for these children. We may be able to help them sleep better and in a more balanced rhythm using medications to counter the excess melatonin in their blood streams. This is not an endorsement of drug therapy, only speculation as to whether its use would be helpful. For further discussion of sleep disorders associated with circadian rhythm interruption see the section on the hypothalamus.

Studies do show that partially sighted eyes may still maintain subconscious awareness of light or its absence. For these people, the circadian rhythms established by the pineal gland are intact. For totally blind individuals, with no subconscious feedback to the pineal gland, there may be periods of severe insomnia, or they may fall asleep at unusual times (like during math class).

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The second reason for interest in the pineal gland is that it contains magnetic material in birds and other animals. It is a center for navigation. This, of course, is important for blind individuals. If the pineal gland turns out to contain magnetic material in humans (researchers are looking), then it may be involved in navigational processing. Magnetic processing is subtle and may be part of the bodies unconscious navigational system. Mobility specialists are aware of this possibility, but we have yet to use it to train students.

Studies done mostly with birds strongly suggest that the pineal gland is a center for navigation. Scientists believe that the pineal body is a magnetoreceptor, capable of monitoring magnetic fields, and helping to align the body in space. Changing the direction of magnetic fields around the heads of birds alters their ability to orient.

Electromagnetic fields (EMF) suppress the activity of the pineal gland and reduce melatonin production. EMF activity therefore disrupts the bodies circadian rhythms.

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In lower vertebrates, the pineal gland has an eye like structure and it functions as a light receptor. The pineal gland may be the evolutionary forerunner of the modern eye. It is located within the third ventricle. It is large in children, but shrinks at puberty. It appears to play a major role in sexual development, hibernation in animals, metabolism, and seasonal breeding. In humans it affects circadian rhythms, sleep patterns (melatonin levels increase at night), and is implicated in seasonal affective disorder. The abundant melatonin levels in children is believed to inhibit sexual development. When puberty arrives, melatonin production is reduced.

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There is a pathway from the retinas to the hypothalamus called the retinohypothalamic tract. It brings information about light and dark cycles to a region of the hypothalamus called the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). From the SCN, nerve impulses travel via the pineal nerve (sympathetic nervous system) to the pineal gland. These impulses inhibit the production of melatonin. When these impulses stop (at night, when light no longer stimulates the hypothalamus), pineal inhibition ceases and melatonin is released. The pineal gland is therefore a photosensitive organ and an important timekeeper for the human body.

Retinal research done with hamsters demonstrates another center for melatonin production. Located in the retina, this center implies that the eyes have their own built in circadian timepiece. This retinal system is distinct from the brains body clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). Biologists found that they could throw the retinal rhythms out of sync with other circadian cycles. They also found that they could set and reset the retinal clock even when the SCN was destroyed.

The retinal clock produces (stimulates the production of?) melatonin. Researchers are now looking for the exact location (s) of this clock in the human eye (and expect to find it). No one yet knows what the separate clock is for or how it relates to the SCN. One thing is clear: there is a melatonin craze right now. People are taking regular doses of the hormone. There is a question whether or not regular doses of melatonin may damage the eye over time. Melatonin could affect the timing of hormone peaks in the eye. High retinal melatonin levels combined with exposure to bright light might cause retinal damage. This is speculation (a caution) at this time.

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The Pineal Gland and Melatonin


The pineal gland or epiphysis synthesizes and secretes melatonin, a structurally simple hormone that communicates information about environmental lighting to various parts of the body. Ultimately, melatonin has the ability to entrain biological rhythms and has important effects on reproductive function of many animals. The light-transducing ability of the pineal gland has led some to call the pineal the “third eye”.

Anatomy of the Pineal Gland

The pineal gland is a small organ shaped like a pine cone (hence its name). It is located on the midline, attached to the posterior end of the roof of the third ventricle in the brain. The pineal varies in size among species; in humans it is roughly 1 cm in length, whereas in dogs it is only about 1 mm long. To observe the pineal, reflect the cerebral hemispheres laterally and look for a small grayish bump in front of the cerebellum. The images below shows the pineal gland of a horse in relation to the brain.

Histologically, the pineal is composed of “pinealocytes” and glial cells. In older animals, the pineal often is contains calcium deposits (“brain sand”).

How does the retina transmit information about light-dark exposure to the pineal gland? Light exposure to the retina is first relayed to the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus, an area of the brain well known to coordinate biological clock signals. Fibers from the hypothalamus descend to the spinal cord and ultimately project to the superior cervical ganglia, from which post-ganglionic neurons ascend back to the pineal gland. Thus, the pineal is similar to the adrenal medulla in the sense that it transduces signals from the sympathetic nervous system into a hormonal signal.

Melatonin: Synthesis, Secretion and Receptors

The precursor to melatonin is serotonin, a neurotransmitter that itself is derived from the amino acid tryptophan. Within the pineal gland, serotonin is acetylated and then methylated to yield melatonin.

Synthesis and secretion of melatonin is dramatically affected by light exposure to the eyes. The fundamental pattern observed is that serum concentrations of melatonin are low during the daylight hours, and increase to a peak during the dark.

Examples of the circadian rhythm in melatonin secretion in humans is depicted in the figure to the right (adapted from Vaughn, et al, J Clin Endo Metab 42:752, 1976). The dark gray bars represent night, and serum melatonin levels are shown for two individuals (yellow versus light blue). Note that blood levels of melatonin are essentially undetectable during daytime, but rise sharply during the dark. Very similar patterns are seen in other species.The duration of melatonin secretion each day is directly proportional to the length of the night.

The mechanism behind this pattern of secretion during the dark cycle is that activity of the rate-limiting enzyme in melatonin synthesis – serotonin N-acetyltransferase (NAT) – is low during daylight and peaks during the dark phase. In some species, circadian changes in NAT activity are tightly correlated with transcription of the NAT messenger RNA, while in other species, post-transcriptional regulation of NAT activity is responsible. Activity of the other enzyme involved in synthesis of melatonin from serotonin – the methyltransferase – does not show regulation by pattern of light exposure.

Two melatonin receptors have been identified from mammals (designated Mel1A and Mel1B) that are differentially expressed in different tissues and probably participate in implementing differing biologic effects. These are G protein-coupled cell surface receptors. The highest density of receptors has been found in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus, the anterior pituitary (predominantly pars tuberalis) and the retina. Receptors are also found in several other areas of the brain.

Biological Effects of Melatonin

Melatonin has important effects in integrating photoperiod and affecting circadian rhythms. Consequently, it has been reported to have significant effects on reproduction, sleep-wake cycles and other phenomena showing circadian rhythm.

Effects on Reproductive Function

Seasonal changes in daylength have profound effects on reproduction in many species, and melatonin is a key player in controlling such events. In temperate climates, animals like hamsters, horses and sheep have distinct breeding season. During the non-breeding season, the gonads become inactive (e.g males fail to produce sperm in any number), but as the breeding season approaches, the gonads must be rejuvenated. Photoperiod – the length of day vs night – is the most important cue allowing animals to determine which season it is. As you’ve probably deduced by now, the pineal gland is able to measure daylength and adjust secretion of melatonin accordingly. A hamster without a pineal gland or with a lesion that prevents the pineal from receiving photoinformation is not able to prepare for the breeding season.

The effect of melatonin on reproductive systems can be summarized by saying that it is anti-gonadotropic. In other words, melatonin inhibits the secretion of the gonadotropic hormones luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone from the anterior pituitary. Much of this inhibitory effect seems due to inhibition of gonadotropin-releasing hormone from the hypothalamus, which is necessary for secretion of the anterior pituitary hormones.

One practical application of melatonin’s role in controlling seasonal reproduction is found in its use to artificially manipulate cycles in seasonal breeders. For example, sheep that normally breed only once per year can be induced to have two breeding seasons by treatment with melatonin.

Effects on Sleep and Activity

Melatonin is probably not a major regulator of normal sleep patterns, but undoubtedly has some effect. One topic that has garnered a large amount of interest is using melatonin alone, or in combination with phototherapy, to treat sleep disorders. There is some indication that melatonin levels are lower in elderly insomniacs relative to age matched non-insomniacs, and melatonin therapy in such cases appears modestly beneficial in correcting the problem.

Another sleep disorder is seen in shift workers, who often find it difficult to adjust to working at night and sleeping during the day. The utility of melatonin therapy to aleviate this problem is equivocal and appears not to be as effective as phototherapy. Still another condition involving disruption of circadian rhythms is jet lag. In this case, it has repeatedly been demonstrated that taking melatonin close to the target bedtime of the destination can alleviate symptoms; it has the greatest beneficial effect when jet lag is predicted to be worst (e.g. crossing many time zones).

In various species including humans, administration of melatonin has been shown to decrease motor activity, induce fatigue and lower body temperature, particularly at high doses. The effect on body temperature may play a significant role in melatonin’s ability to entrain sleep-wake cycles, as in patients with jet lag.

Other Effects of Melatonin

One of the first experiments conducted to elucidate the function of the pineal, extracts of pineal glands from cattle were added to water containing tadpoles. Interestingly, the tadpoles responded by becoming very light in color or almost transparent due to alterations in melanin pigment distribution. Although such cutaneous effects of melatonin are seen in a variety of “lower species”, the hormone does not have such effects in mammals or birds.

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fluoride

A Fluoride-Free Pineal Gland is More Important than Ever

Tuesday, June 02, 2009 by: Paul Fassa

Learn more: http://www.naturalnews.com/026364_fluoride_pineal_gland_sodium.html#ixzz23M17FfbH

(NaturalNews) There has been some controversy over the activity of adding synthetic fluoride to municipal water supplies and elsewhere, but not enough. The seriousness of this issue is more than what most realize. Fluoridation ranks with GMO’s and tainted, forced vaccinations among the great crimes against humanity.
Understanding the Different Fluorides
There are two types of fluoride. Calcium Fluoride, which appears naturally in underground water supplies, is relatively benign. However, too much consumed daily can lead to bone or dental problems. Calcium is used to counter fluoride poisoning when it occurs. This redeeming factor indicates that the calcium in naturally formed calcium fluoride neutralizes much of fluoride’s toxic effects.
On the other hand, the type of fluorides added to water supplies and other beverages and foods are waste products of the nuclear, aluminum, and now mostly the phosphate (fertilizer) industries. The EPA has classified these as toxins: fluorosilicate acid, sodium silicofluoride, and sodium fluoride.
For this article, the term Sodium Fluoride will include all three types. Sodium fluoride is used for rat poison and as a pesticide. According to a scientific study done several years ago, Comparative Toxicity of Fluorine Compounds, industrial waste sodium fluorides are 85 times more toxic than naturally occurring calcium fluoride.
Health Hazards of Sodium Fluoride
Generally, most fluoride entering the body is not easily eliminated. It tends to accumulate in the body’s bones and teeth. Recently, it has been discovered to accumulate even more in the pineal gland, located in the middle of the brain.
This consequence of dental fluorosis, which seriously harms teeth, from daily fluoridation has been documented. Yet, the American Dental Association (AMA) continues beating a dead horse, promoting fluoride. There is a refusal to admit that instead of preventing tooth decay, fluoride causes even more dental harm.
The flood of sodium fluoride in water and food also creates other more serious health problems that are not widely publicized, even suppressed. Nevertheless, in addition to fluorosis, independent labs and reputable researchers have linked the following health issues with daily long term intake of sodium fluoride:
*Cancer
*Genetic DNA Damage
*Thyroid Disruption – affecting the complete endocrine system and leading to obesity
*Neurological – diminished IQ and inability to focus, lethargy and weariness.
*Alzheimer’s Disease
*Melatonin Disruption, lowers immunity to cancer, accelerates aging, sleep disorders.
*Pineal Gland, calcification, which clogs this gland located in the middle of the brain.
How Did We Get Stuck With Stuff?
According to investigative journalist Christopher Bryson, author of The Fluoride Deception, getting large quantities of sodium fluoride into the water and food system was a ploy of public relations sponsored by the industries who were saddled with getting rid of the toxic materials.
Fluoride was necessary for the processing or enriching of uranium. The pro-fluoride propaganda was started during the Manhattan Project to create the first atom bombs in the 1940′s. The spin was to convince workers and locals where the largest nuclear plant was located in Tennessee that fluoride was not only safe, it was good for kids’ dental health.
In the early 1950′s, the notorious spin master and father of advertising, Edward Bernays, continued the campaign for adding fluorides to water supplies as an experiment in engineering human consent! Then the AMA picked up on the dental issue and endorsed sodium fluoride’s addition to water supplies. The few dissenting health studies and reports were usually squashed. Those dissenting voices were dismissed as quacks regardless of their credentials.
Approximately 2/3 of the USA water supply is laced with sodium fluoride. Sodium fluoride is a common pesticide. So that residue is in some foods. Some sodas, packaged orange juices, and even bottled drinking water for babies contain fluoride additives. Buyer beware. Read your labels carefully.
Avoiding Fluoridation
Keep in mind that boiling only increases the concentration of fluoride to water more. But removing fluoride from tap water is not so difficult. Reverse osmosis works well for removing fluorides. If you own your home and can spring for the bucks, you can have one installed under the sink in your kitchen. That makes things very convenient for your fluoride removal from tap water.
If this is not your situation, grab a couple of large jugs and fill them up from reverse osmosis machines in health food stores, supermarkets, and other locations. There are several such machines around, usually labeled as using reverse osmosis, and they usually take coins. So it is the most accessible and cheapest way to go if you can’t install one where you live.
The Physiological Importance of the Pineal Gland
During the late 1990′s in England, a scientist by the name of Jennifer Luke undertook the first study the effects of sodium fluoride on the pineal gland. She determined that the pineal gland, located in the middle of the brain, was a target for fluoride. The pineal gland simply absorbed more fluoride than any other physical matter in the body, even bones.
Because of the pineal gland’s importance to the endocrine system, her conclusions were a breakthrough. Her study provided the missing link to a lot of physiological damage from sodium fluoride that had been hypothesized but not positively connected. A veritable root source for the chain reaction of blocked endocrine activity had been isolated.
Good news though. Frequent exposure to outdoor sunshine, 20 minutes or so at a time, will help stimulate a fluoride calcified pineal gland. Just make sure you take off your hat. This is more important than most realize, because the pineal gland affects so much other enzyme and endocrine activity, including melatonin production.
The 2012 Connection
First a bit about 2012, a date many have heard about. According to Carlos Barrios, anthropologist, historian, and investigator who was initiated as a Mayan ceremonial priest and spiritual guide, “Anthropologists visit the temple sites and read the inscriptions . . . but they do not read the signs correctly. . . . Other people write about prophecy in the name of the Maya. They say that the world will end in December 2012. The Mayan elders are angry with this. The world will not end. It will be transformed.”
Carlos Barrios goes on to say that the transformation will be both spiritual and physical. The transition started in 1987. He says that we are in a spiritual transition from the rule of materialism, greed, and enmity to a new period of cooperation and peace – but not without difficulty. The current oligarchy is happy with what they have and don’t want to give it up, and they are powerful. The Mayans claim that 2012 marks the end of the period of the fourth sun and the beginning of the fifth sun.
Carlos points out that adversarial revolution against the ruling class will not work. It is up to those who want this shift to connect with others of like mind and begin actively creating networks of real cooperation. The old will crumble. The new period will dawn with its growing pains, the severity of which depends on our ability to accept what is happening and go with the flow. This, he says, requires evolving to unconditional love, with an open and simple heart, forgiveness, and cooperation with less ego competition.
Connecting the Pineal Gland to This 2012 Matter
Well, what does all this have to do with the pineal gland? A lot. It is considered a portal to the inner or higher self by yogi masters, including Paramahansa Yogananda, author of Autobiography of a Yogi. Psychics consider it to be the link for inter dimensional experiences. It is associated with what many call the third eye or sixth chakra, which is a doorway to higher consciousness and bliss.
And it is vital for supporting intuition, an ability that will be needed during hard times. So it is necessary to evolve spiritually in order to help create better understanding, acceptance of our fellow humans, and easier group cooperation. Meditation is a part of this evolving. That and a little sunshine, good rest and food, can cause a calcified pineal gland to loosen up and allow that portal to open.
An unusual psychiatrist, professor of medicine at University of New Mexico, and practicing Buddhist, Dr. Rick Strassman, MD, has written a book based on actual human studies of people under the psychedelic drug, DMT, titled DMT, The Spirit Molecule. He has discovered, among other things, that the pineal gland is a source of DMT production during birth and at death, and during near death or mystical experiences. This chemical approach corroborates the idea of the pineal gland as a portal, where the spirit passes through to other dimensions, either entering this physical realm or leaving it.
South American and Central American shamans use Ayahuasca, an herbal potion that stimulates DMT for psychological healing and spiritual initiation ceremonies. They have expanded their ceremonies with Ayahuasca by traveling throughout the world or opening their local facilities to non natives. They are doing this urgently in anticipation of 2012. Their desire is to jump start and expand individuals’ consciousness so the transition of consciousness will be facilitated and incorporate as many as possible.
This information is meant to link the physical realm’s pineal gland to higher states of awareness and other realms. The point is not to advocate or discourage psychedelic drug use, but to encourage health, meditation and spiritual growth by maintaining a fluoride free pineal gland. 2012 is approaching. Time to get in shape!
Sources:
Fluroide: Friend or Foe? By Devid De Santo (www.lewrockwell.com)
Germans and Russians Used Fluoride to Make Prisoners Stupid and Docile, by Devvy Kidd
(www.newswithviews.com)
Fluoride Accumulates in the Pineal Gland, by Sepp Hasslberger of Health Supreme (www.newmediaexplorer.org)
Transcribed interview of journalist Christopher Bryson: The Fluoride Deception: How a Nuclear Waste Byproduct Made Its Way Into the Nation’s Drinking Water http://www.democracynow.org/2004/6/17/the_fluoride_deception_how_a_nu…
Article by Ingrid Nairman highlighting Mayan lecture in Santa Fe, NM by Carlos Barrios
ingridnaiman.com/subscription_lists/email_index.html.
The Pineal Gland: Interface Between the Spiritual and Physical Planes?
(http://circleof13.blogspot.com)
The Fluoride Debate – (www.fluoridedebate.com)

About the author

Paul Fassa is dedicated to warning others about the current corruption of food and medicine and guiding others toward a direction for better health with no restrictions on health freedom. You can visit his blog at http://healthmaven.blogspot.com
Learn more: http://www.naturalnews.com/026364_fluoride_pineal_gland_sodium.html#ixzz23M0x5Efw

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“One of the pineal gland’s most powerful hormones is the neurotransmitter melatonin. The secretion of melatonin starts between 9:30-10:30 p.m. (depending on age), inducing sleepiness. It reaches peak levels between 1-2 a.m. and drops to its lowest levels at midday. The pineal gland controls reproduction, sleep and motor activity, blood pressure, the immune system, the pituitary and thyroid glands, cellular growth, body temperature, and many other vital functions. All of these depend on a balanced melatonin cycle. By going to sleep late (past 10 p.m.”
- Andreas Moritz, Cancer Is Not A Disease – It’s A Survival Mechanism (Get the book.)

“He has written in his book The Sunfood Diet Success System that the body decalcifies the pineal gland on a raw food diet. The pineal gland is thought to be the source of the “third eye,” or psychic center of the body. Indeed, children who are raised on a 100% raw food diet have been known to be more psychic, as are animals in the wild. Wolfe has also made the comment, “The Bible says the body is the temple of the soul. Unfortunately, I used to treat mine like an amusement park.” Many of us could say the same.”
- Susan E. Schenck, The Live Food Factor: The Comprehensive Guide to the Ultimate Diet for Body, Mind, Spirit & Planet (Get the book.)

“Endocrine glands Pineal The pineal gland is a small gland about the size of a pea located near the center of the brain between its two hemispheres. It works in harmony with the pituitary and hypothalamus to control the body’s hormonal systems and 24-hour rhythms. The pineal gland is sensitive to different levels of light, produces melatonin, and governs our sleep-wake cycle. As such, it is the body’s internal clock, and is sometimes referred to as the “third eye”. It is also responsible for directing the body’s signals for thirst, hunger, sexual desire, and biological aging.”
- Ron Garner, Conscious Health: A Complete Guide to Wellness Through Natural Means (Get the book.)

“When the pineal gland in humans becomes calcified, it cuts down its production of melatonin (14). This, in turn, stimulates the production of estrogen, which causes an increased amount of breast cancer (15). Up to 60 per cent of Americans have calcified pineal glands when they are over 50 years of age (16). In Japan, only 9.9 percent (17), and in Nigeria 5.04 per cent (18) of persons beyond 40 have calcined pineal glands. Since the Percent of calcified pineal glands 60% 9.9% 5.04% Americans Japanese Nigerians over 40 over 40 over 40 Calcified pineal glands of different cultures.”
- Zane R. Kime, Sunlight (Get the book.)

“THE VEHICLE OF SPIRIT IN THE BODY The body makes what is known as the “spirit molecule,” which is believed to be produced by the pineal gland (from pinus because it looks like a pinecone), the gland that is responsible for the management of light in our bodies. N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT) is the only endogenous (produced in the body) chemical that has been found to have psychoactive properties. According to Rick Strassman, M.D., “the pineal gland produces psychedelic amounts of DMT at extraordinary times in our lives,” such as birth, death, and orgasm.”
- Pam Montgomery, Plant Spirit Healing: A Guide to Working with Plant Consciousness (Get the book.)

“It is now understood that the pineal gland governs parts of the hypothalamus, making the pineal gland another master gland. On a diet of processed food, the pineal gland calcifies and hardens. The brain becomes dense and obstructed with waste matter which would have distorted the cosmic receiver and blocked out the cosmic life energies. A diet of alkaline-plant food dissolves these obstructions and deposits, freeing the flow of energy. Thus we see that the cleaner your body, the greater your latent powers of mind.”
- David Wolfe, The Sunfood Diet Success System (Get the book.)

“Melatonin is produced by the pineal gland, a gland in the brain that helps regulate circadian rhythm. It’s actually made along the same metabolic assembly line as serotonin. Both start out as the amino acid tryptophan, which then gets converted into 5-HTP and then to serotonin. Two more steps along the pathway and you’ve got melatonin. Natural Prescription for Jet Lag Melatonin: 3-6 mg at bedtime Note: The above dosages are daily dosages and in pill or capsule form, unless otherwise noted. Melatonin is stimulated by darkness and turned off by light.”
- Jonny Bowden, Ph.D., C.N.S., The Most Effective Natural Cures on Earth: The Surprising, Unbiased Truth about What Treatments Work and Why (Get the book.)

“My face turns up to the sun allowing my pineal gland to revel in such direct contact. I feel the shifting inside as if some giant wheel is turning. The quiet dreamtime energy of winter is giving way 129 to a dynamic stirring. I face the east, the direction from which spring emerges, and give thanks for the faithful return of the sun and the healing gift of new beginnings the east offers. Journal Entry, March 2007 Foundational healing modalities are existing forms of healing that provide a framework within which to work with plant spirits.”
- Pam Montgomery, Plant Spirit Healing: A Guide to Working with Plant Consciousness (Get the book.)

“When your eyes stop seeing light as it is getting dark outside, your pineal gland will begin to produce melatonin, but stops secretion altogether when you switch on a light or watch television. As a result, the sleep-inducing effect of melatonin becomes inhibited, and you may not feel sleepy at all for several more hours. In fact, the stimulation by the light at this time of the night may actually prevent you from falling asleep and cause you to develop a permanent sleeping disorder. Sleep deprivation is a common condition that afflicts 47 million American adults.”
- Andreas Moritz, Cancer Is Not A Disease – It’s A Survival Mechanism (Get the book.)

“One of the pineal gland’s most powerful hormones is the neurotransmitter melatonin. The secretion of melatonin starts between 9:30 and 10:30 p.m. (depending on age), inducing sleepiness. It reaches peak levels between 1 and 2 a.m. and drops to its lowest levels at midday. The pineal gland controls reproduction, sleep and motor activity, blood pressure, the immune system, the pituitary and thyroid glands, cellular growth, body temperature, and many other vital functions. All of these depend on a balanced melatonin cycle.”
- Andreas Moritz, The Liver and Gallbladder Miracle Cleanse: An All-Natural, At-Home Flush to Purify and Rejuvenate Your Body (Get the book.)

“If your pineal gland does not produce adequate melatonin early enough in the evening, both the quality and quantity of your sleep may suffer. Lack of melatonin may make it difficult for you to fall asleep, or may cause you to wake up too soon. Too much melatonin and you will feel yourself feeling exhausted, or “drugged” throughout the day. If secretion does not continue, you may wake up too soon. By taking melatonin instead of other so-called sleeping aids, rapid eye movement sleep (REM=dreaming) is not suppressed nor does it induce “hangover” effects when used as directed.”
- Jon Barron, Lessons from The Miracle Doctors: A Step-by-Step Guide to Optimum Health and Relief from Catastrophic Illness (Get the book.)
“Melatonin Melatonin is a natural hormone made in the pineal gland, a pea-sized gland located in the brain. Since its first discovery in 1958, melatonin has been studied extensively and has been shown to be widely beneficial to the body. As with all of the other hormones we’re discussing, melatonin levels decline significantly as we age. An interesting note on melatonin. The trigger for production of melatonin is darkness—total darkness.’ Any light in the room will inhibit production of your body’s melatonin.”
- Jon Barron, Lessons from The Miracle Doctors: A Step-by-Step Guide to Optimum Health and Relief from Catastrophic Illness (Get the book.)

“Some people place the pituitary here, but because this chakra is associated with light and the pineal gland controls light in the body, I believe that this is its proper placement. The seventh chakra is the crown, and it sits on the top of the head and has a purple or violet color. It corresponds with the nervous system and brain function, with integrity and wisdom as its pervading qualities. The endocrine gland associated with this chakra is the pituitary.”
- Pam Montgomery, Plant Spirit Healing: A Guide to Working with Plant Consciousness (Get the book.)

“Natural sunlight exposure stimulates your pineal gland which controls your sleep and waking cycles, seasonal affective disorder (the winter blues) and improves your mood. • Seek the support of a trusted friend, counsellor or your church. • Take 5HTP or 5-hydroxytryptophan. This is a precursor to serotonin and helps mood and carbohydrate cravings. This is not suitable for those taking antidepressants. • B complex helps with stress, mood and the nervous system. Typical dosage is 50 mgs per day. You can increase B6 by 100 mgs per day.”
- Heather Caruso, Your Drug-Free Guide to Digestive Health (Get the book.)

“What Melatonin Does for You Melatonin is the hormone of hibernation in animals and is produced in a tiny region of the human brain known as the pineal gland. Melatonin does all the things you would want to do if you were hibernating—it relaxes you, makes you sleepy, cools your body, and lets you sleep while entertaining you with interesting dreams. It is the only hormone affected by light, temperature, and electromagnetic fields. Melatonin controls the deep and dream phases of your sleep.”
- Phuli Cohan, The Natural Hormone Makeover: 10 Steps to Rejuvenate Your Health and Rediscover Your Inner Glow (Get the book.)

“The pineal gland controls reproduction, sleep and motor activity, blood pressure, the immune system, the pituitary and thyroid glands, cellular growth, body temperature, and many other vital functions. All of these depend on a balanced melatonin cycle. By going to sleep late (past 10 p.m.) or working the night shift, you throw this and many other hormonal cycles out of balance. The ongoing Nurse’s Study has shown that nurses working the night shift have a more than 50% higher risk of developing cancer, but have among the lowest levels of melatonin in the blood.”
- Andreas Moritz, Cancer Is Not A Disease – It’s A Survival Mechanism (Get the book.)

“Pizzorno Jr, ND GENERAL DESCRIPTION Melatonin (not to be confused with melanin, the compound responsible for skin pigment) is a hormone manufactured from serotonin and secreted by the pineal gland (see Fig. 97.1). The pineal gland, a small pea-sized gland at the base of the brain, has been a source of curiosity since antiquity. The ancient Greeks considered the pineal gland as the seat of the soul, a concept that was extended by the philosopher Descartes. In the 17th and 18th centuries, physicians associated “madness” with the pineal gland.”
- Michael T. Murray, ND, Textbook of Natural Medicine 2nd Edition Volume 1
(Get the book.)

“It bioenergetically connects to the thalamus, pineal gland, medulla oblongata, and the arachnoid membrane (lining of the skull). It relates to the skull as a cavity and its role in the attraction and storage of Source energy, which, of course, has immense ramifications for brain function. Energetic Integrator 6 also has strong connections to the emotional self, so it is important in maintaining physical-emotional harmony. Energetic Integrator 6 generally adheres to the connections noted in TCM for the kidney meridian.”
- Peter h. Fraser and Harry Massey, Decoding the Human Body-Field: The New Science of Information as Medicine (Get the book.)

“It works in harmony with the pituitary and hypothalamus to control the body’s hormonal systems and 24-hour rhythms. The pineal gland is sensitive to different levels of light, produces melatonin, and governs our sleep-wake cycle. As such, it is the body’s internal clock, and is sometimes referred to as the “third eye”. It is also responsible for directing the body’s signals for thirst, hunger, sexual desire, and biological aging. Hypothalamus The hypothalamus gland is situated just above the pituitary gland.”
- Ron Garner, Conscious Health: A Complete Guide to Wellness Through Natural Means (Get the book.)

“His research indicated that the pineal gland had awakened, and the vibration has only gotten stronger over the years. Comedian-turned-raw-fooder Dick Gregory reported in Dick Gregory’s Natural Diet for Folks Who Eat, “As my body was cleansed of years of accumulated impurities, my mind and spiritual awareness were lifted to a new level. I felt closer to Mother Nature and all her children. I felt more in tune with the universal order of existence.”
- Susan E. Schenck, The Live Food Factor: The Comprehensive Guide to the Ultimate Diet for Body, Mind, Spirit & Planet (Get the book.)

“Some neurocardiology researchers claim the heart can communicate via these neurochemicals with the brain, immune system, pineal gland, thalamus, and pituitary gland, concluding that the heart has the capability to function as a center of emotion, learning, and memory. Because the Imprinter Driver field is linked to body-wide communication via the signals transmitted from your heart through your blood circulation, it is connected to an overall feeling of well-being on an emotional level as well as a physical level.”
- Peter h. Fraser and Harry Massey, Decoding the Human Body-Field: The New Science of Information as Medicine (Get the book.)

“In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, physicians associated “madness” with the pineal gland. Physicians in the early 1900s believed that the pineal gland was somehow involved with the endocrine system. The identification of melatonin in 1958 provided the first solid scientific evidence of an essential role of the pineal gland. It is now thought that the sole function of the pineal gland is to manufacture and secrete melatonin. The exact function of melatonin is still poorly understood, but it is critically involved in the synchronization of hormone secretion.”
- Michael T. Murray, N.D., Joseph E. Pizzorno, N.D., Encyclopedia of Natural Medicine, Revised Second Edition (Get the book.)

“As the light continues to fade, our body clock signals the pineal gland to convert serotonin into melatonin, and we become more lethargic. As melatonin and other sleep hormones increase, our temperature continues to drop, and we start thinking about withdrawing. It becomes difficult to stay awake or be active. This is the best time to fall asleep. And our body temperature continues to drop as melatonin is released into the bloodstream. Sleeping in a cool room reflects our body’s own natural rhythm of cooling for sleep. A sleeping temperature of 60?to 65?F.”
- Frank Lipman, Mollie Doyle, Spent: Revive: Stop Feeling Spent and Feel Great Again (Get the book.)
“At night, if there is even the tiniest bit of light in the room, it can disrupt your circadian rhythm and your pineal gland’s production of melatonin and serotonin. Cover or move your clock, use dark shades or drapes on windows if they are exposed to light, or SLEEP BEAT wear an eye mask. There should also be as little light in the bathroom as possible if you get up in the middle of the night. Try keeping the light off when you go to the bathroom at night. Use a flashlight or night light.”
- Frank Lipman, Mollie Doyle, Spent: Revive: Stop Feeling Spent and Feel Great Again (Get the book.)

“Melatonin Melatonin (not to be confused with melanin, the compound responsible for skin pigmentation) is a hormone manufactured from serotonin (an important neurotransmitter; see Depression for more information) and secreted by the pineal gland. The pineal gland, a small pea-sized gland at the base of the brain, has been a source of curiosity since antiquity. The ancient Greeks considered the pineal gland to be the seat of the soul, a concept that was extended by the philosopher Descartes. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, physicians associated “madness” with the pineal gland.”
- Michael T. Murray, N.D., Joseph E. Pizzorno, N.D., Encyclopedia of Natural Medicine, Revised Second Edition (Get the book.)

“It also has a strong endocrine association, especially to your pineal gland, which controls your sleep-wake cycle, and to dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), which is a precursor to female hormones such as estrogens and progesterone, relating this Integrator bioenergetically to parts of the menstrual cycle. Trace minerals have an important link to Energetic Integrator 6, so this Integrator is involved bioenergetically in enzyme and hormone production and function. The thymus is also correlated to Integrator 6, making this Integrator important to your overall immune function.”
- Peter h. Fraser and Harry Massey, Decoding the Human Body-Field: The New Science of Information as Medicine (Get the book.)

“Melatonin and breast cancer Melatonin is a hormone, produced in the pineal gland at the base of the brain, during sleep. Close your eyes and a signal is sent to produce melatonin. Melatonin is known as the sleep hormone and is often used as a sleep aid for travelers crossing time zones. Its peak production occurs around 2 to 3: a.m. Melatonin is a strong antioxidant and influences the immune system. It is also known as a cancer-fighting hormone. [Pathological Biology 53: 265-68, 2005] Even low intensity light for short periods can reduce melatonin production at night.”
- Bill Sardi, You Don’t Have to be Afraid of Cancer Anymore (Get the book.)

“When light hits the eyes, it disrupts the sleep rhythm of the pineal gland and production of melatonin and serotonin. This is why it’s a bad idea to keep a nightlight burning in direct line-of-sight of the eyes. Besides ruining night vision, any amount of light while sleeping can keep you from getting sufficient rest! 5. Receive Regular Chiropractic Adjustments The human body is an intricate design made up of millions of nerves executing our every move. One group of vital nerves is located in the Lumbar Spine region.”
- Dr. Edward F. Group III, DC, ND, DACBN, Health Begins in the Colon (Get the book.)

“During darkness, high levels of melatonin released by the pineal gland block the ability of tumors to take up linoleic acid and convert it to 13-HODE (a molecule called 13-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid). While exposed to light, however, melatonin levels are extremely low, and tumors are no longer protected by melatonin from the tumor-stimulating action of linoleic acid. In other words, exposure to artificial light when it is naturally dark, scrambles the molecular clocks in our brains. Light presented during the night will immediately turn off melatonin production and thus support tumor growth.”
- Andreas Moritz, Timeless Secrets of Health & Rejuvenation: Unleash The Natural Healing Power That Lies Dormant Within You (Get the book.)

“Upon awakening, as light enters the eyes the pineal gland at the base of the brain ceases production of melatonin. Melatonin inhibits cancer in many ways. First, it is a powerful antioxidant that increases the production of another antioxidant in the body called glutathione. Second, it calms the production of estrogen that spurs the growth of ovarian and breast cancer. Third, it boosts the immune system, elevating the production of natural killer cells. Four, melatonin inhibits omega-6 fatty acids (linoleic acid), such as from corn oil, from entering tumor cells.”
- Bill Sardi, You Don’t Have to be Afraid of Cancer Anymore (Get the book.)

“Suddenly, we may feel “out of sync” or shaky and become susceptible to developing an illness, which could include a simple head cold, headache, depression or even a cancerous tumor. The pineal gland controls reproduction, sleep and motor activity, blood pressure, the immune system, the pituitary and thyroid glands, cellular growth, body temperature, and many other vital functions. All of these depend on the regular melatonin cycle which, yet again, is controlled by our body’s ability to be in synchrony with nature’s rhythms.”
- Andreas Moritz, Timeless Secrets of Health & Rejuvenation: Unleash The Natural Healing Power That Lies Dormant Within You (Get the book.)

“On a diet of processed food, the pineal gland calcifies and hardens. The brain becomes dense and obstructed with waste matter which would have distorted the cosmic receiver and blocked out the cosmic life energies. A diet of alkaline-plant food dissolves these obstructions and deposits, freeing the flow of energy. Thus we see that the cleaner your body, the greater your latent powers of mind. After you go on a raw diet, and especially when you fast, moments of inspiration from infinite intelligence will drop into your mind, sometimes at random.”
- David Wolfe, The Sunfood Diet Success System (Get the book.)

“The function of the pineal gland and its cyclic secretion of melatonin (page 555) may be disturbed in people with migraine headaches.47 Preliminary evidence suggests that 5 mg pet day of melatonin, taken 30 minutes before bedtime, may reduce symptoms of migraine headache.48 Are there any side effects or interactions? Refer to the individual supplement fot information about any side effects or interactions. Herbs that may be helpful The most frequently used hetb fot the long-term prevention of migraines is feverfew (page 677).”
- Alan R. Gaby, M.D., Jonathan V. Wright, M.D., Forrest Batz, Pharm.D. Rick Chester, RPh., N.D., DipLAc. George Constantine, R.Ph., Ph.D. Linnea D. Thompson, Pharm.D., N.D., The Natural Pharmacy: Complete A-Z Reference to Natural Treatments for Common Health Conditions (Get the book.)
“Melatonin is produced by the pineal gland, located within the brain. Levels of melatonin in the body fluctuate with the cycles of night and day. The highest melatonin levels are found at night. Melatonin is present in foods only in trace amounts.”
- Alan R. Gaby, M.D., Jonathan V. Wright, M.D., Forrest Batz, Pharm.D. Rick Chester, RPh., N.D., DipLAc. George Constantine, R.Ph., Ph.D. Linnea D. Thompson, Pharm.D., N.D., The Natural Pharmacy: Complete A-Z Reference to Natural Treatments for Common Health Conditions (Get the book.)

“The pineal gland secretes this hormone directly into the bloodstream, which makes it instantly available to all the cells in the body and tells them “what time it is” in nature, meaning, what position the Earth is in related to the sun. It also tells a specific gene in the DNA of every single cell when it is time for it to die and be replaced by a new cell. Without the timely secretion of melatonin, the timelines of normal cell-division become extended and cancer cells develop, according to the latest cancer research (Nurses’ Study 2006).”
- Andreas Moritz, Timeless Secrets of Health & Rejuvenation: Unleash The Natural Healing Power That Lies Dormant Within You (Get the book.)

“Physicians in the early 1900s believed the pineal gland was somehow involved with the endocrine system. The identification of melatonin in 1958 provided the first solid scientific evidence of an essential role for the pineal gland. It is now thought that the sole function of the pineal gland is to manufacture and secrete melatonin. The exact function of melatonin is still poorly understood, but it is critically involved in the synchronization of hormone secretion. The natural biorhythm of hormone secretion is referred to as the “circadian” rhythm.”
- Michael T. Murray, ND, Textbook of Natural Medicine 2nd Edition Volume 1
(Get the book.)

“There is evidence that even a night light in the bedroom will alter the production of melatonin by the pineal gland. Researchers believe this may increase the risk for cancer. Sleeping in dark, unlighted bedrooms is recommended. An experiment simulated night-shift conditions with human subjects wearing goggles that filter out the blue portion of the light spectrum which shuts off melatonin production via ocular exposure. Subjects who wore the blue-filter goggles from 8am to 8pm maintained melatonin levels typically measured at night.”
- Bill Sardi, You Don’t Have to be Afraid of Cancer Anymore (Get the book.)

“Obtaining enough light is also of great importance to the pineal gland, a pea-sized gland situated in the brain behind the eyes. This gland is known to regulate both melatonin and serotonin and is considered to be a gland of the endocrine system. It is believed to be important in the role of sexual development in children and other hormonal functions in adults. Melatonin regulation is essential to a good night’s sleep. Serotonin is also involved in the sleep process but is known particularly to help us avoid depression.”
- Mary-Ann Shearer, Perfect Health the Natural Way (Get the book.)

“Likewise, upon entering the pineal gland in the brain, the different rays are chemically encoded in the brain and passed on to the organs and systems in the body. The vital organs of the body are dependent on specific colors of the light spectrum. For kidney cells to function properly, for example, they require red light. Heart cells need yellow light, and liver cells require green light. Light deficiencies in any of the organs and systems of the body can lead to disease. Regular sun gazing can help restore balance and efficiency to all cells in the body.”
- Andreas Moritz, Timeless Secrets of Health & Rejuvenation: Unleash The Natural Healing Power That Lies Dormant Within You (Get the book.)

“Melatonin, a hormone produced in the pineal gland, plays a major role in regulating the daily biological clock, sleep patterns, and core body temperature at night. Taking low doses of melatonin (1-3 mgtwo to three hours before bedtime) has been shown to be effective in treating SAD. 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) is effective in increasing levels of serotonin in the body. Take 100-200 mg at night on an empty stomach or with a protein-free snack. Vitamin B6 is an important co-factor involved in the production of serotonin.”
- Marshall Editions, 1000 Cures for 200 Ailments: Integrated Alternative and Conventional Treatments for the Most Common Illnesses (Get the book.)

“We access those areas through internal purification, positive thinking, spiritual connection and by activating the glands (including the “spiritual” pineal gland, located in the mid-brain). When our nervous system is clear of toxicity, we can receive clear information and then take action. This is powerful information. The Sunfood Diet creates a whole new paradigm of possibility. Many, many people I have met have searched throughout the personal development, self-help genre of literature for a book on living foods and success.”
- David Wolfe, The Sunfood Diet Success System (Get the book.)

“SAD is associated with the pineal gland, which is sometimes called “The Third Eye” is esoteric circles. The pineal gland is located directly between your eyes on your forehead. When the amount of sunlight striking the pineal gland is reduced, it produces less of certain brain chemcials which help maintain your mood. Fixing SAD can be a simple as getting more sunlight. How do you do that during the dark days of winter? Well, just about any health care supply store, and some health food stores, stock lamps which produce the same kind of light radiation that the sun produces.”
- American Medical Publishing, Prescription Medicines, Side Effects and Natural Alternatives (Get the book.)

“These glands include the pituitary gland, pineal gland, hypothalamus, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, thymus, adrenal glands, ovaries (in females) or testes (in males), and islets of Langerhan’s in the pancreas. The main neural control center in the brain is the hypothalamus, also known as the “keeper of internal balance” or the “master switchboard.” The hypothalamus secretes hormones that cause other endocrine glands to secrete hormones. It directs the fight-or-flight response of the autonomic nervous system. Its main function is homeostasis, or maintaining the body’s balance.”
- David Winston, RH(AHG), and Steven Maimes, Adaptogens: Herbs for Strength, Stamina, and Stress Relief (Get the book.)

“Melatonin is a hormone that is made primarily by the pineal gland in the brain in response to darkness. During the daytime, the blood level is low, but at night melatonin climbs until it reaches its peak between 2:00 and 4:00 a.m. It is crucial for regulating sleep and wake cycles. Some extraordinary claims have been made for melatonin. Some proponents say that it can reverse aging, improve immune function, reduce the risk of cancer, control blood pressure, and lower cholesterol. The best-known use of melatonin is as a sleep aid.”
- Joe Graedon, M.S. and Teresa Graedon, Ph.D., Best Choices From the People’s Pharmacy (Get the book.)

“Physicians in the early 1900s believed that the pineal gland was somehow involved with the endocrine system. The identification of melatonin in 1958 provided the first solid scientific evidence of an essential role of the pineal gland. It is now thought that the sole function of the pineal gland is to manufacture and secrete melatonin. The exact function of melatonin is still poorly understood, but it is critically involved in the synchronization of hormone secretion. The natural daily cycle of hormone secretion is referred to as a circadian rhythm.”
- Michael T. Murray, N.D., Joseph E. Pizzorno, N.D., Encyclopedia of Natural Medicine, Revised Second Edition (Get the book.)

“Affected by the absence or presence of light, the pineal gland is responsible for controlling such bodily functions as hormone production, body temperature, and the timing of sleep. Disturbances in the circadian rhythm can lead to depression as well as insomnia and other sleep disorders. The use of natural sunlight and various forms of light therapy has been effective in reestablishing the body’s natural rhythm. Natural sunlight contains the full wavelength spectrum needed for maintaining health. It triggers the impulses that regulate most bodily functions.”
- Phyllis A. Balch, CNC, Prescription for Nutritional Healing, 4th Edition: A Practical A-to-Z Reference to Drug-Free Remedies Using Vitamins, Minerals, Herbs & Food Supplements (Get the book.)
“Melatonin The hormone melatonin is naturally produced by the pineal gland, a cone-shaped structure in the brain. The body’s pattern of melatonin production is similar to that of the other “antiaging” hormones, human growth hormone (HGH) and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). Throughout early life, melatonin is produced in abundance. It was thought for some time that the production of melatonin begins to drop at puberty, and then continues to decline steadily as we age. This may not be true, according to research done at the Harvard Medical School.”
- Phyllis A. Balch, CNC, Prescription for Nutritional Healing, 4th Edition: A Practical A-to-Z Reference to Drug-Free Remedies Using Vitamins, Minerals, Herbs & Food Supplements (Get the book.)
“This is a natural hormone produced by the pineal gland that controls the body’s sleep/wake cycle. Caution: This supplement is not suitable for children. Multivitamin and mineral complex As directed on label. To maintain a balance of all necessary nutrients in the body. Proteolytic enzymes (Novenzyme from International Health Products) As directed on label 3 times daily, on an empty stomach. Aids in absorption of nutrients and reduces inflammation. Herbs Q Astragalus enhances the immune system.”
- Phyllis A. Balch, CNC, Prescription for Nutritional Healing, 4th Edition: A Practical A-to-Z Reference to Drug-Free Remedies Using Vitamins, Minerals, Herbs & Food Supplements (Get the book.)
“The functioning of the pineal gland, which plays an important role in the regulation of metabolism, behavior, and physiological functions, is largely governed by sunlight. Q Never use hair dyes containing coal tar on the eyelashes or eyebrows; doing so can cause injury or blindness. Although coal tar dyes are legal, marketing them for the eyebrows and eyelashes is not. Q Be careful when using drugs, whether prescription or over-the-counter. Some may cause eye problems.”
- Phyllis A. Balch, CNC, Prescription for Nutritional Healing, 4th Edition: A Practical A-to-Z Reference to Drug-Free Remedies Using Vitamins, Minerals, Herbs & Food Supplements (Get the book.)

“However, if your melatonin levels are significantly lower than expected during sleep, this can indicate that various lifestyle or dietary factors may be impairing the pineal gland’s ability to produce melatonin. In this case, your doctor may recommend melatonin supplementation or other therapies. experienced delayed pineal secretion of melatonin during the light exposure. The subsequent night, when the subjects resumed normal exposure to light and darkness, melatonin secretion was still delayed, this time by 1 hour.”
- Herbert Ross, DC with Keri Brenner, L.Ac., Alternative Medicine Magazine’s Definitive Guide to Sleep Disorders: 7 Smart Ways to Help You Get a Good Night’s Rest (Get the book.)
“Because electric blankets are used at night, when the pineal gland is producing its highest amount of melatonin, they have the greatest chance of disrupting melatonin production and sleep.11 Another concentrated source of EMFs is the breaker box, where the electric power line enters your home. That fuse box—which connects the utility company’s line with the inside wiring—generates large amounts of EMFs on a continual basis. Another potential EMF source is the wiring in your home.”
- Herbert Ross, DC with Keri Brenner, L.Ac., Alternative Medicine Magazine’s Definitive Guide to Sleep Disorders: 7 Smart Ways to Help You Get a Good Night’s Rest (Get the book.)
“With the help of another specialized enzyme, the pineal gland is able to convert NAS into melatonin.35 Melatonin and the Light Paradox Light plays a crucial—and seemingly paradoxical—role in sleep, as it both inhibits and promotes melatonin production. The enzyme NAT, necessary for melatonin synthesis, is mostly or completely inactivated by exposure to light.36 A 100-lux light (a 100-watt bulb from a distance of 5 feet) will inhibit melatonin secretion,37 and studies have shown that being exposed to even a fairly dim light at night can significantly reduce the synthesis of melatonin.”
- Herbert Ross, DC with Keri Brenner, L.Ac., Alternative Medicine Magazine’s Definitive Guide to Sleep Disorders: 7 Smart Ways to Help You Get a Good Night’s Rest (Get the book.)

“This adrenal fatigue could then, in turn, overtax the pineal gland until it no longer produces enough melatonin to control the body’s internal clock. Compounded together, the results include the sleep disturbances, chronic fatigue, and chronic pain associated with both CFS and FMS. Based on this research, one key to preventing both CFS and FMS is keeping your physical and emotional stress to a minimum.”
- Mike Adams, Natural Health Solutions (Get the book.)

“Melatonin description Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) is a neurohormone produced by pinealocytes in the pineal gland during the dark hours of the day-night cycle. Serum levels of melatonin are very low during most of the day, and it has been labeled the “hormone of darkness.”
- Thomson Healthcare, Inc., PDR for Herbal Medicines, Fourth Edition (Get the book.)
“Nyctohemeral rhythm in the levels of S-adenosylmethionine in the rat pineal gland and its relationship to melatonin biosynthesis. J Neurochem; 65(4): 1887-1894. 1995 Surac AJ, Gur A. Complementary and alternative medical therapies in fibromyalgia. Curr Pharma Design; 12:47-57. 2006 Tavoni A, Vitali C, Bombardieri S et al. Evaluation of S-adenosylmethionine in primary fibromyalgia: a double-blind crossover study. Am J Med; 83(5A):107-110. 1987 Vendemiale G, Altomare E, Trizio T et al. Effects of oral S-adenosyl-L-methionine on hepatic glutathione in patients with liver disease.”
- Thomson Healthcare, Inc., PDR for Herbal Medicines, Fourth Edition (Get the book.)

“As a flower essence, wood betony enhances pineal gland function, thus improving the user’s sense of well-being. It fosters a desire for higher principles and inner calm and can be useful for those who are dealing with excessive sexual energy. Edible Uses The young shoots and leaves of all Stachys species can be eaten raw or cooked. Other Uses The fresh plant can be made into a hair rinse yielding golden highlights. It also can be used to make a yellow dye for wool. The dried plant has been burned as a purifying incense.”
- Brigitte Mars, A.H.G., The Desktop Guide to Herbal Medicine: The Ultimate Multidisciplinary Reference to the Amazing Realm of Healing Plants, in a Quick-study, One-stop Guide (Get the book.)

“Asian art and literature often show or describe a third eye in the middle of the forehead; a life-giving symbol of the power and presence of the pineal gland. ically, a lack of sleep served as a warning signal of sorts; insomnia actually helped us survive. We’re restless when something’s on our mind, like a predator (you’d do your tribe no good if you were off snoozing in stage 5 while a woolly mammoth trampled through the village).”
- Mehmet C. Oz., M.D. and Michael F. Roizen, M.D., You: Staying Young: The Owner’s Manual for Extending Your Warranty (Get the book.)

“Melatonin is a hormone and a neurotransmitter secreted by the pineal gland. It regulates our circadian, or daily, body rhythm. Most of us know that we function better and worse at various times of the day, and these differences are related partly to our circadian rhythm. Melatonin levels normally increase toward nightfall, making us sleepy, and decrease toward morning. Taken as a dietary supplement, melatonin can help with sleep disorders and can speed recovery from jet lag, but the timing of supplementation is crucial.”
- Jack Challem, The Food-Mood Solution: All-Natural Ways to Banish Anxiety, Depression, Anger, Stress, Overeating, and Alcohol and Drug Problems–and Feel Good Again (Get the book.)

“A folic acid deficiency may impair the production of melatonin in the pineal gland. It is important for cancer patients with sleep disorders to take supplemental folic acid. [Journal Nutrition 132:2781-84, 2002] Non-steroidal anti-inflammatorydrugs (such as ibuprofen, aspirin and COX-2 inhibitors) suppress melatonin in humans. [Physiology Behavior 59: 133-39, 1996] Melatonin and chemotherapy side effects Melatonin also protects the heart from toxic side effects caused by chemotherapy.”
- Bill Sardi, You Don’t Have to be Afraid of Cancer Anymore (Get the book.)

“Neptune Neptune, considered cold and moist, corresponds to cerebrospinal fluid, the pineal gland, and the lymph system. It governs obscure, hard-to-diagnose diseases as well as addiction, alcoholism, and schizophrenia and other psychoses. Neptune-governed plants are mystical, sometimes psychoactive, and helpful in dreamwork, enhancing the imagination and helping to bring physical concepts to the next plane. They often grow in or near the ocean, such as algaes and seaweeds. Pluto Pluto, also known as Hades, is the ruler of the subconscious and underworld.”
- Brigitte Mars, A.H.G., The Desktop Guide to Herbal Medicine: The Ultimate Multidisciplinary Reference to the Amazing Realm of Healing Plants, in a Quick-study, One-stop Guide (Get the book.)

“Because disordered circadian rhythm is common in depression, the antidepressant action of SAMe may result from its ability to alter these rhythms through regulating melatonin synthesis in the pineal gland (Sitaram et al, 1995). Anti-Inflammatory Effects: The action of SAMe in relieving symptoms of primary fibromyalgia may result from its effectiveness in lessening the depressive state that can accompany fibromyalgia (Tavoni et al, 1987). SAMe also has antidepressive and mood-elevating effects in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis (Koenig, 1987).”
- Thomson Healthcare, Inc., PDR for Herbal Medicines, Fourth Edition (Get the book.)

“SeOKCt SdlSOK The pineal gland, which senses when we’re exposed to light has cells that resemble those in the back of the retina and dictate our circadian rhythms. The human eye also receives the light and sends ft to the occipitalbrain area, which then relays ft to the pineal. FACTOIP Most Americans are too chronically sleep deprived to awaken without an alarm. Need for an alarm by definition signals some kind of danger. young animals quickens the aging process. Mice with new pineals lived 25 percent longer, but we’re yet unable to determine if the same statistics would be true for humans.”
- Mehmet C. Oz., M.D. and Michael F. Roizen, M.D., You: Staying Young: The Owner’s Manual for Extending Your Warranty (Get the book.)

“Cavallo A. The pineal gland in human beings: relevance to pediatrics. J Pediatr; 123(6):843-851. 1993 Claustrat B, Brun J, David M et al. Melatonin and jet lag: confirmatory result using a simplified protocol. Biol Psychiatry; 32(8):705-711. 1992 Cuzzocrea S, Constantino G, Gitto E et al. Protective effects of melatonin in ischemic brain injury. J Pineal Res; 29(4):217-227. 2000 Dahlitz M, Alvarez B, Vignau J et al. Delayed sleep phase syndrome response to melatonin. Lancet; 337(8750): 1121-1124. 1991 Deacon S, English J & Arendt J.”
- Thomson Healthcare, Inc., PDR for Herbal Medicines, Fourth Edition (Get the book.)

“The perfect environment for sleep: þ A cool, dark room: The temperature and darkness are signals to the pineal gland to kick up melatonin production and knock you out. þ No laptops, no TV: Ideally, the bed is used for two things and two things only. If you have any other type of stimulus, like work or a TV, you’re not sending your body the right message that it’s time for sleep. Need more incentive to kick Leno to the living room? People who don’t have a TV in the bedroom have 50 percent more sex than those who do. þ Add white noise.”
- Mehmet C. Oz., M.D. and Michael F. Roizen, M.D., You: Staying Young: The Owner’s Manual for Extending Your Warranty (Get the book.)

“It’s built out of the neurotransmitter serotonin, in a small gland in the brain called the pineal gland. This hormone is also a powerful antioxidant. It can be used in low doses (up to 3 mg) as a supplement to aid in deeper sleep or to naturally treat insomnia or jet lag. Melatonin is another option for preventing and treating tardive dyskinesia. In a double-blind trial, 10 mg of melatonin each night for six weeks in patients with TD reduced abnormal movements by 23.8 percent. Similar changes were seen in only 8.4 percent of the placebo (dummy pill) group.”
- Hyla Cass, M.D., Supplement Your Prescription: What Your Doctor Doesn’t Know About Nutrition (Get the book.)

“Melatonin One way that many people have found to improve their sleep is to take the neurohormone called melatonin, which is released by the pineal gland from within the center of the brain when one is asleep. The pineal gland is influenced by the amount of light seen by our eyes each day, and production of the hormone is cyclical. Throughout early life, melatonin is produced in abundance, but shortly after puberty the production begins to drop and continues to decrease steadily as we age.”
- KC Craichy, Super Health 7 Golden Keys to Unlock Lifelong Vitality (Get the book.)

“SAD is associated with the pineal gland, which is sometimes called “The Third Eye” is esoteric circles. The pineal gland is located directly between your eyes on your forehead. When the amount of sunlight striking the pineal gland is reduced, it produces less of certain brain chemcials which help maintain your mood. Fixing SAD can be a simple as getting more sunlight. How do you do that during the dark days of winter? Well, just about any health care supply store, and some health food stores, stock lamps which produce the same kind of light radiation that the sun produces.”
- American Medical Publishing, Prescription Medicines, Side Effects and Natural Alternatives (Get the book.)

“You need to know that UV rays are essential for the pineal gland to work properly and rather than take medication or drugs to keep you awake during the day, help you sleep at night, and not feel depressed, take half an hour of naturalsunlight—it is free, has only positive side effects, and is not addictive! But as much good as the sun does, it is important not to go out in the periods between about 10 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. and 2:30 p.m. to 4 p.m., depending on the time of year and the cloud coverage.”
- Mary-Ann Shearer, Perfect Health the Natural Way (Get the book.)

“To live longer and healthier, you need to know about the pineal gland not because of an upcoming jeopardy appearance, but because it produces a substance called melatonin, which conducts the symphony of your hormones. Melatonin modulates menstruation, helps control desire for mating, helps lower heart rate and blood pressure, increases immune function, and helps decrease stress by blocking the body’s stress response. Plus, it helps regulate sleep. If you’re a trivia expert, you may remember melatonin as the neurotransmitter that helps bears hibernate.”
- Mehmet C. Oz., M.D. and Michael F. Roizen, M.D., You: Staying Young: The Owner’s Manual for Extending Your Warranty (Get the book.)

“One of the pineal gland’s most powerful hormones is the neurotransmitter melatonin. The secretion of melatonin starts between 9:30 and 10:30 p.m. (depending on age), inducing sleepiness. It reaches peak levels between 1 and 2 a.m. and drops to its lowest levels at midday. The pineal gland controls reproduction, sleep and motor activity, blood pressure, the immune system, the pituitary and thyroid glands, cellular growth, body temperature, and many other vital functions. All of these depend on a balanced melatonin cycle.”
- Andreas Moritz, The Amazing Liver & Gallbladder Flush: A Powerful Do-It-Yourself Tool To Optimize your Health and Wellbeing (Get the book.)

“Melatonin Melatonin is a bodily substance produced by a tiny endocrine organ, the pineal gland, in the center of brain. The pineal gland responds to a large variety of inputs, in the form of light and dark, temperature, and even magnetism, and sends messages to the brain that affect behavior. It does this by converting noradrenaline into melatonin, a hormone that is structurally related to serotonin. Scientists think that the pineal gland is linked to the eyes either by nerves or through the action of the part of the brain known as the hypothalamus.”
- Mark Mayell, Off-the-Shelf Natural Health (Get the book.)

“Floating in this chamber on narrow stalks are the pineal gland, the body’s magnetic detector, and the pituitary gland, known as the conductor of the ‘endocrine gland’ orchestra. The round knob at the top of the staff of Hermes in our model of the caduceus is thought by some to represent our 3rd ventricle. Figure 16.”
- Robin, Dr. Kelly, The Human Antenna: Reading the Language of the Universe in the Songs of Our Cells (Get the book.)

“SAD is associated with the pineal gland, which is sometimes called “The Third Eye” in esoteric circles. The pineal gland is located directly between your eyes on your forehead. When the amount of sunlight striking the pineal gland is reduced, it produces less of certain brain chemcials which help maintain your mood. Fixing SAD can be a simple as getting more sunlight. How do you do that during the dark days of winter? Well, just about any health care supply store, and some health food stores, stock lamps which produce the same kind of light radiation that the sun produces.”
- American Medical Publishing, Proven Health Tips Encyclopedia (Get the book.)

“Melatonin is a hormone produced by the pineal gland that is responsive to light. When darkness begins, blood melatonin levels start to rise leading to sleep. Melatonin production declines as we age, which could explain why sleepproblems are so common in the elderly. Melatonin has exceptional antioxidant activity, being both fat and water soluble. This permits it to cross into and protect the brain from free radicals. Melatonin also boosts the immune system by facilitating the action of helper T cells, which coordinate the immune response.”
- James A. Howenstine, A Physician’s Guide to Natural Health Products That Work (Get the book.)

“However, since the late 1970s it has been increasingly recognized that the pineal is a fundamental modulator of the entire neuroendocrine system. The pineal gland functions as a true biologic clock secreting its hormone melatonin in a circadian fashion. The pineal gland and melatonin are capable of translating environmental lighting information into signals that modulate reproductive, adrenal, and other neuroendocrine interactions as well as immune function. Melatonin levels rise after sunset and levels peak between 2 and 5 a.m.”
- Vincent Giampapa, Ronald Pero, and Marcia Zimmerman, The Anti-Aging Solution: 5 Simple Steps to Looking and Feeling Young (Get the book.)

“And balanced magnesium status is required to obtain efficiency of suprachiasmatic nuclei and the pineal gland.15 Examinations of the sleep electroencephalogram (EEG) and of the endocrine system points to the involvement of the limbic-hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenocortical axis because magnesium affects all elements of this system. Magnesium has the property to reduce the release of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) and to affect adrenocortical sensitivity to ACTH.”
- Mark Sircus, Transdermal Magnesium Therapy (Get the book.)

“The pineal gland controls reproduction, sleep and motor activity, blood pressure, the immune system, the pituitary and thyroid glands, cellular growth, body temperature, and many other vital functions. All of these depend on a balanced melatonin cycle. By going to sleep late or working night shifts, you throw this cycle out of balance, and throw off many other hormonal cycles as well. Apart from making melatonin, the brain also synthesizes serotonin, which is a very important neurotransmitter/hormone related to our state of physical and emotional well-being.”
- Andreas Moritz, The Liver and Gallbladder Miracle Cleanse: An All-Natural, At-Home Flush to Purify and Rejuvenate Your Body (Get the book.)

“It’s built out of the neurotransmitter serotonin, in a small gland in the brain called the pineal gland. This hormone is also a powerful antioxidant. It can be used in low doses (up to 3 mg) as a supplement to aid in deeper sleep or to naturally treat insomnia or jet lag. Melatonin is another option for preventing and treating tardive dyskinesia. In a double-blind trial, 10 mg of melatonin each night for six weeks in patients with TD reduced abnormal movements by 23.8 percent. Similar changes were seen in only 8.4 percent of the placebo (dummy pill) group.”
- Hyla Cass, Supplement Your Prescription: What Your Doctor Doesn’t Know About Nutrition (Get the book.)

“Melatonin Melatonin is a bodily substance produced by a tiny endocrine organ, the pineal gland, in the center of brain. The pineal gland responds to a large variety of inputs, in the form of light and dark, temperature, and even magnetism, and sends messages to the brain that affect behavior. It does this by converting noradrenaline into melatonin, a hormone that is structurally related to serotonin. Scientists think that the pineal gland is linked to the eyes either by nerves or through the action of the part of the brain known as the hypothalamus.”
- Mark Mayell, Off-the-Shelf Natural Health (Get the book.)

“DMT at extraordinary times in our lives,” such as birth, death, and orgasm. DMT is also released during high stress times, making me wonder if this is our body’s way of helping us to be in touch with spirit on a very physical level when we most need it. DMT itself is not of spirit necessarily, but it is the vehicle through which we may access spirit. It is also important to note that DMT can cause psychotic states in some individuals, which leads me to believe that the body reacts differently to different kinds of stress.”
- Pam Montgomery, Plant Spirit Healing: A Guide to Working with Plant Consciousness (Get the book.)

“Other animal studies found that fluoride accumulates in the pineal gland and interferes with its production of melatonin, a hormone that helps regulate the onset of puberty, thyroid functions, and numerous other basic physiological processes. In humans, fluoride has been found to cause arthritis, osteoporosis, hip fractures, cancer, infertility, Alzheimer’s disease, and brain damage. Until the 1950s, European doctors used fluoride to treat hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid).”
- Andreas Moritz, The Liver and Gallbladder Miracle Cleanse: An All-Natural, At-Home Flush to Purify and Rejuvenate Your Body (Get the book.)

“When the melatonin-producing pineal gland is destroyed in animals, they become much more susceptible to cancer; malignant melanomas will grow larger and metastasize to more areas of the body in these animals than in those that have functioning pineal glands (13). In humans, the evidence that light is involved with cancer is coming into focus. When the pineal gland in humans becomes calcified, it cuts down its production of melatonin (14). This, in turn, stimulates the production of estrogen, which causes an increased amount of breast cancer (15).”
- Zane R. Kime, Sunlight (Get the book.)

“Melatonin Melatonin production by the pineal gland has nearly ceased at age 60. In an experiment on newborn rats using a drug that interfered with glutathione synthesis, cataracts were produced. Half the rats were given melatonin and only 6.2% of these rats developed cataracts, whereas all the untreated rats had cataracts. This gives another potential reason for taking melatonin daily. The common belief that sunlight (UV ultraviolet) causes cataracts may be incorrect. Cataracts are less common in the tropics where sunlight is plentiful.”
- James A. Howenstine, A Physician’s Guide to Natural Health Products That Work (Get the book.)
“These behavioral improvements are believed to be caused by decreased secretion of melatonin from the pineal gland in a light enhanced environment. Four percent of persons living in middle latitudes have the SAD disorder. There is a summer version of the problem called Summer SAD. This condition occurs in July and August and is characterized by agitation, insomnia and weight loss. Both types of SAD are most common in women aged 21 to 40.Winter SAD affects only 1.4% of persons in Florida whereas in New Hampshire, the incidence approaches 10%. Alaska also manifests a 10% incidence of winter SAD.”
- James A. Howenstine, A Physician’s Guide to Natural Health Products That Work (Get the book.)

“Melatonin (page 555) is a hormone secreted by the pineal gland in the brain. It is partially responsible for regulating sleep-wake cycles. Cognitive function is linked to adequate sleep and normal sleep-wake cycles. Cognitive benefits from melatonin supplementation have been suggested by preliminary research in a variety of situations and may derive from the ability of melatonin to prevent sleep disruptions.”
- Alan R. Gaby, M.D., Jonathan V. Wright, M.D., Forrest Batz, Pharm.D. Rick Chester, RPh., N.D., DipLAc. George Constantine, R.Ph., Ph.D. Linnea D. Thompson, Pharm.D., N.D., The Natural Pharmacy: Complete A-Z Reference to Natural Treatments for Common Health Conditions (Get the book.)

“The Effects of Fluoride on the Physiology of the pineal gland. PH.D. Thesis. University of Surrey, Guildford. P. 176. Processed Cereals “Cereals processed in a fluoridated area had fluoride concentrations ranging from 3.8 ppm to 6.3 ppm…” -Warren J J, Levy SM. (2003). Dental Clinics of North America 47:225-43. “Infants who eat large quantities of dry infant cereals reconstituted with fluoridated water could ingest substantial quantities of fluoride from this source.” -Heilman JR, era/. (1997). Journal of the American Dental Association 128(7):857-63.”
- Dr David W Tanton, Ph.D., Antidepressants, Antipsychotics, And Stimulants – Dangerous Drugs on Trial (Get the book.)

“Melatonin is a hormone produced in the pineal gland, a small endocrine gland in the brain. Its release is dependent on the amount of light the body is exposed to. As light fades toward the end of the day, Darkness releases melatonin, melatonin is released. This mela- a powerful Sleep-enhancing tonin helps prepare the body for hormone and antioxidant. sleep by reducing alertness and slightly lowering body temperature. I find that my ability to get a good night’s sleep is closely tied to the natural production of melatonin in my body.”
- Brendan Brazier, The Thrive Diet: The Whole Food Way to Lose Weight, Reduce Stress, and Stay Healthy for Life (Get the book.)

“SAD is associated with the pineal gland, which is sometimes called “The Third Eye” in esoteric circles. The pineal gland is located directly between your eyes on your forehead. When the amount of sunlight striking the pineal gland is reduced, it produces less of certain brain chemcials which help maintain your mood. Fixing SAD can be a simple as getting more sunlight. How do you do that during the dark days of winter? Well, just about any health care supply store, and some health food stores, stock lamps which produce the same kind of light radiation that the sun produces.”
- American Medical Publishing, Proven Health Tips Encyclopedia (Get the book.)

“It would almost seem as if this influence is directly connected to the relationship of the physical body of the individual and that mysterious and intangible part known as the soul. The pineal gland is analogous to a radio antenna, receiving from the atmospheric environment the vital flow of cosmic energy acting like an electric current when it enters the body. Cosmic Energy is that infinite unfathomable power which permeates the entire universe holding the planets in their course and operating right into the very core of every atom in your body.”
- Matt Monarch, Raw Success (Get the book.)
“There is also much attention given to our pineal gland energy center, otherwise known as the 6th chakra or “third eye”. In my book, Raw Spirit, I wrote about the opening of my third eye. I had been Raw six months and decided to do the psyllium/bentonite 7-day cleanse by Bernard Jensen. Immediately following the cleanse, I experienced such terrific sensations in my forehead that I was spellbound. I’ve since come to recognize these sensations as: Progress. When addressing our emotional and spiritual health, it is important to understand that we are more than a dense physical body.”
- Matt Monarch, Raw Success (Get the book.)
“Like the current from one of the huge electric generating stations sending hundreds of thousands of volts through the wires to the 115 volt transformer near your home, so the universal cosmic energy enters the pineal gland with inexpressibly high voltage which would virtually burn up the body if the body were not equipped with a transformer to lower that cosmic energy to the voltage consistent with the needs of the individual.”
- Matt Monarch, Raw Success (Get the book.)
“Many people who understand this procedure classify the pineal gland as the spiritual gland in man. (Norman Walker: Vibrant Health, Pg. 74) 15 WATER What is the best water I can drink? Distilled water and water distilled by nature, a.k.a. juice. The Great Divide Arenas of health are often split by passionate opinions from various “experts” and laymen. The topic of WATER has not been spared from this division; there is no unified agreement about which kind is best. The only water that is only water (i.e. only H20X void of everything else, is distilled.”
- Matt Monarch, Raw Success (Get the book.)

“For example, melatonin is an important hormone secreted by the pineal gland, a small gland in the center of the brain. A melatonin supplement is one of the best aids for sleep. However, it appears that the sleep-promoting effects of melatonin are most apparent only if a person’s melatonin levels are low. In other words, taking melatonin is not like taking a sleeping pill. It will only produce a sedative effect when natural melatonin levels are diminished. A dosage of 3mg at bedtime is more than enough. We prefer products that are sublingual (under the tongue) or chewable tablets.”
- Michael T. Murray and Michael R. Lyon, Hunger Free Forever: The New Science of Appetite Control (Get the book.)

“SEROTONIN, SPIRITUALITY AND THE PINEAL GLAND: Chapter 15 addresses the religious aspects of increased serotonin. What I have learned on this subject since the first printing of the book is very interesting. One particular gland in the brain is responsible for metabolizing 50% of the serotonin. This gland is the pineal gland known in Eastern religions as the Third Eye and in many other religions as the “seat of the soul.” It is believed that this gland is how we have access to the spiritual.”
- Ann Blake Tracy, Ph.D., Prozac: Panacea or Pandora? The Rest of the Story on the New Class of SSRI Antidepressants Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil, Lovan, Luvox & More (Get the book.)

“It is, again, interesting to note that the manna thought by some to be the mineral iridium (see Chapter 28) is thought, according to ancient teaching, to stimulate the activity of the pineal gland as the master communicator, which will then enhance our communication as a superconductor to the entire universe. Please understand that this is theory but it is backed by an increasing amount of science of a living field we are all part of, as an interconnected One.”
- Gabriel Cousens, M.D., Spiritual Nutrition: Six Foundations for Spiritual Life and the Awakening of Kundalini (Get the book.)
“The pineal gland in this context has control over what will and will not transmit to the rest of the body and what affects consciousness. We can almost think about the pineal as having certain granules like a crystal in a receiving set. Perhaps what is being activated by the shem-an-na, or the manna, are these granules. It is interesting, as a physician, noting that the Caduceus of Hermes has two wings representing the left and right side of the brain and it has a central pillar symbolic of the sushumna through which the awakened Kundalini travels.”
- Gabriel Cousens, M.D., Spiritual Nutrition: Six Foundations for Spiritual Life and the Awakening of Kundalini (Get the book.)
“The two serpents represent the ida and pingala, and in the center is a Light ball that represents the pineal gland and the merging of Shakti and Shiva into the One at the top. This balance with the two wings, two serpents, and the central pineal is known in some Yogic circles as the swan or pramahansa. The three columns (two serpents and central pole) also represent the three columns of the Tree of Life. It is the symbol that represents the fully Awakened Being.”
- Gabriel Cousens, M.D., Spiritual Nutrition: Six Foundations for Spiritual Life and the Awakening of Kundalini (Get the book.)
“The monatomic elements particularly affect the pineal gland, increasing melatonin production, as well as the pituitary gland, increasing serotonin production and activating the body’s junk DNA, therefore potentially activating unused parts of the brain. Researchers have shown that the PGMs comprise 5 percent of the brain by dry weight and are composed of these superconductor monatomic elements. One might theorize that the PGMs offer us human beings the power to further activate our Light body. The biochemistry laboratory at the U.S.”
- Gabriel Cousens, M.D., Spiritual Nutrition: Six Foundations for Spiritual Life and the Awakening of Kundalini (Get the book.)

“The analysis which is given in the twenty-third edition of Gray’s Anatomy (page 1,266) is as follows: “In our research work we find that the pineal gland produces and stimulates seven different minerals in the human body. Much of this action is carried out by the spinal column.” We know that the body is dependent on various phosphates, magnesium, calcium, etc., hence the importance of minerals. In experiments on the spinal column the spinal cord has been punctured and fluid has been extracted to determine the course of different ailments.”
- Jan De Vries, Life Without Arthritis: The Maori Way (Get the book.)

“However, the single most effective way of reaping the many health benefits of melatonin is to sleep normal hours, in total darkness, so that the pineal gland in the brain can produce its own melatonin, in just the right amounts that the body needs to remain healthy. As a side note, night workers are virtually assured of being dangerously Vitamin D deficient and should strongly consider being tested and taking a supplement containing Vitamin D3 and Vitamin A. The proper test is called 25(OH)D or 25-hydroxyvitamin D and is available at http://www.totalhealthtests.com and http://www.lef.org.”;
- KC Craichy, Super Health 7 Golden Keys to Unlock Lifelong Vitality (Get the book.)

“At the same time it is true that we don’t yet know enough about the medical or physical aspect of the pineal gland. This gland, by means of acupuncture, can be balanced positively or negatively. When treating stress-related conditions, wor^ng on this particular gland can sometimes produce very rewarding results. The pituitary gland is said to be the key to the chemistry of the whole of the body. The pituitary hormones chemically affect the cell membranes, therefore the chemical reactions do not work properly when the pituitary gland is in any way impaired.”
- Jan De Vries, Life Without Arthritis: The Maori Way (Get the book.)

“Produced in the pineal gland, a peasized structure embedded deep within our brains, it controls the body’s circadian rhythm, the internal mechanism that tells us when it’s time to sleep and when it’s time to wake up. Melatonin peaks during childhood, drops during adolescence when other hormones kick in, and continues to decrease as we age. By age sixty, our pineal gland is producing half the amount of melatonin it did when we were twenty. One of the most devastating effects of the loss of melatonin is disturbance of sleep patterns.”
- Earl Mindell, Earl Mindell’s Secret Remedies (Get the book.)

“This gland is the pineal gland known in Eastern religions as the Third Eye and in many other religions as the “seat of the soul.” It is believed that this gland is how we have access to the spiritual. If that gland is overloaded with serotonin does that impair thepineal gland and shut off access to the spiritual? Is this why so many patients say they can no longer feel spiritual feelings? Is this why so many leave their religions, no matter which religion they are? Is that why so many report feeling “possessed”?”
- Ann Blake Tracy, Ph.D., Prozac: Panacea or Pandora? The Rest of the Story on the New Class of SSRI Antidepressants Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil, Lovan, Luvox & More (Get the book.)

“Walter Pierpaoli, one of the foremost researchers of melatonin and co-author of The Melatonin Miracle, says, We discovered that the pineal gland is to our bodies what the conductor is to the orchestra. The job of the pineal gland is to regulate and harmonize the functioning of a number of bodily systems. One of those systems is our endocrine system, which is made up of many glands that produce hormones that control our growth from childhood to adulthood. They also control our sexual development. Another of these systems is the immune system, which protects us against disease.”
- James F. Balch, M.D., The Super Anti-Oxidants: Why They Will Change the Face of Healthcare in the 21st Century (Get the book.)
“That may get the pineal gland really confused, which in turn creates havoc in the other systems it controls. This may be why we are more susceptible to diseases when we do not get enough sleep: In essence, our immune system has not received the right signals from the pineal gland. If that kind of crazy schedule is kept up for a long period of time, this can lead to some serious problems. Melatonin in Mid-Life One more thing: the pineal begins to cut back production of melatonin in mid-life, between the ages of forty and fifty.”
- James F. Balch, M.D., The Super Anti-Oxidants: Why They Will Change the Face of Healthcare in the 21st Century (Get the book.)
“It is called the pineal gland because it is shaped somewhat like a pine cone. Now we know that this little pine cone may be the most important gland in your body. The pineal controls the other glandular systems, and in doing so, controls the immune system, the reproductive system, sleep patterns, and most importantly, the aging process. This is all done through melatonin, a hormone that the pineal produces in almost undetectable amounts. Your Biological Clock You know that biological clock that people keep telling you is ticking? The pineal gland is it!”
- James F. Balch, M.D., The Super Anti-Oxidants: Why They Will Change the Face of Healthcare in the 21st Century (Get the book.)
“In addition to being produced by the pineal gland, it is also produced constantly in the digestive tract. This occurs independently of the pineal gland and establishes a baseline amount of melatonin for your body to use. Melatonin can be found virtually everywhere in your body, in every cell. For years, medical researchers knew it was there, but did not know what it did. It turns out that, ounce for ounce (or microgram for microgram in this case), melatonin is the most powerful antioxidant we have found!”
- James F. Balch, M.D., The Super Anti-Oxidants: Why They Will Change the Face of Healthcare in the 21st Century (Get the book.)

“In addition, a 2- x 4-inch, or 4- x 6-inch magnet, placed above the headboard, is used to bathe the pineal gland, which is a small but powerful gland in the center of the head. Among other things, the pineal gland is responsible for melatonin production, which helps us get restorative sleep. Magnets can also be placed on the site of the pain. During the day, magnets can be wrapped over an affected area. Another method sometimes advocated is to use 2- x 5-inch bar magnets or neodymium round magnets.”
- Gary Null, Ph.D., The Complete Encyclopedia of Natural Healing: A Comprehensive A-Z Listing of Common and Chronic Illnesses and Their Proven Natural Treatments (Get the book.)

“In fact, the Eastern concept of the “crown chakra” (the highest energy center) is generally believed to represent the pineal gland. Supporting the pineal gland, I believe, is preferable to taking melatonin supplements because it marshals the body’s own natural forces. Also, there has been some speculation recently that long-term melatonin supplementation might possibly have some negative side effects. While these side effects remain unproven, it’s still wise to be very cautious when using any medication. Now let’s look at the pituitary.”
- Dharma Singh Khalsa, M.D., Brain Longevity: The Breakthrough Medical Program that Improves Your Mind and Memory (Get the book.)

“Melatonin is secreted from a small gland in the brain called the pineal gland as daylight begins to decline. Melatonin is also a potent antioxidant that has protective effects against many types of cancer. As we age as adults, there is a tendency to produce less melatonin. Fortunately, there may be a better way to overcome serotonin and melatonin deficiency by providing the right sort of support to tryptophan metabolism.”
- Michael Murray, N.D. and Joseph Pizzorno, N.D., The Encyclopedia of Healing Foods (Get the book.)

“The human spirit was supposed by Descartes to interact with the human brain in the pineal gland, in a manner that remained unexplained by him or anyone else. The pineal gland has now been replaced by the cerebral cortex as the supposed seat of consciousness, but the problem of “the ghost in the machine” is still with us today.18 Everything in nature worked entirely mechanically; in other words, everything was inanimate—except for human minds. Thus Descartes eliminated from the world all such disturbances as life, will, and intentions.”
- Rupert Sheldrake, The Presence of the Past: Morphic Resonance and the Habits of Nature (Get the book.)

“The pharynx is approximately 5 inches long and is part of two body systems—the respiratory and the digestive—as it is a highway for both air and food. 10?Pineal gland. The pea-sized pineal gland is located at the base of the brain. Although it is active metabolically, its actual function is unknown. 100 Pinna. The projecting part of the external ear that is shaped like the flared end of a horn. It is made of cartilage and covered with skin and helps capture sound waves for the ear. 110 Pituitary gland. A pea-sized gland located near the base of the brain.”
- Deborah R. Mitchell, The Home Healing Almanac: Solutions That Will Help You Make the Best Choices About Your Health and Safety (Get the book.)

“The identification of melatonin in 1958 provided the first solid scientific evidence of an essential role of the pineal gland. It is now thought that the sole function of the pineal gland is to manufacture and secrete melatonin. The exact function of melatonin is still poorly understood, but it is critically involved in the synchronization of hormone secretion. The natural daily cycle of hormone secretion is referred to as a circadian rhythm. The human body is governed by an internal clock that signals the secretion of various hormones at different times to regulate body functions.”
- Michael T. Murray, N.D., Joseph E. Pizzorno, N.D., Encyclopedia of Natural Medicine, Revised Second Edition (Get the book.)

“This unique clock keeps time by the metaphoric battery of the pineal gland, that tiny organ tucked deep in our brains. When it gets dark outside, the pineal gland secretes the hormone melatonin, which in a slow fade makes us sleepy?and provides us with that magical transition from the waking to the sleeping state. Taking melatonin supplements may help with the insomnia we all experience on occasion. It can be even more beneficial for those who travel frequently and cross time zones or for those who must sleep during daytime hours.”
- Brenda Adderly, The Complete Guide to Nutritional Supplements: Everything You Need to Make Informed Choices for Optimum Health (Get the book.)

“Diamond White Sapphire Aircrystal; forthe pineal gland, creativity; holds good or bad energy around itself, the bad cleansable in water. Dolomite Peach-colored stone; for inner peace, helpful for stomach or ulcer conditions; held during meditation. Emerald Heals the liver and thyroid; for intestinal dysentery (touch one and hold the other Emerald in the mouth); weight balance, energy; for back problems from emotional upsets; place in sunlight for recharging, and refract lightthrough it to heal cuts. Epidote Green Earth stone with orange spots; for self-love and healing.”
- Joseph E. Mario, Anti-Aging Manual: The Encyclopedia of Natural Health (Get the book.)
“ElectroMagnetic Fields (EMF) affect the pineal gland and central nervous system, causing al lergic reactions, convulsions, mob behavior, (chronic) fatigue, hypertension migraines, memory lapses, depression by releasingBrain cholinergic neuropeptides, spurring anxiety, and stress.”
- Joseph E. Mario, Anti-Aging Manual: The Encyclopedia of Natural Health (Get the book.)
“Sldmandlow-fatmilkhasmeanti-stifmessfactorremovedriskingcalcification of the joints, kidneys, or pineal gland; fed to animals caused testicle shrinkage and sterility. Cheese: Hardened milk, though somewhat nutritious, has poor absorption, ^08 All D;„k»o Da^^,,^A arterial sedimentation, and infl icts mucous al lergy and compromised Immunity like milk. Low-fat cheeses have from under 2 grams to 7 grams of fat per ounce.”
- Joseph E. Mario, Anti-Aging Manual: The Encyclopedia of Natural Health (Get the book.)

“Since the pineal gland (the body’s light meter) secretes melatonin as a way of cueing the organism about environmental light levels, it is obvious that melatonin has a profound effect on the reproductive physiology of any number of different animal species and most likely on that of humans as well. It is now recognized that human sexual physiology is influenced by the pineal gland.”
- Jacob Liberman O.D. Ph.D., Light: Medicine of the Future: How We Can Use It to Heal Ourselves NOW (Get the book.)

“The pineal gland Kriya Sit comfortably on the floor, with your legs crossed, or sit in a chair. Raise your hands above your head, with your fingers locked. Try to pull the hands apart, while you take long, deep breaths, for one to two minutes. (See illustration 1, Figure 12.) figure 12 This kriya tonifies and activates the pineal gland. It produces an enhanced state of awareness, clarity, and the ability to focus. Then bring your hands to your knees, and touch your index finger to your thumb, creating a small circle. This is called Gyan mudra.”
- Dharma Singh Khalsa, M.D., Brain Longevity: The Breakthrough Medical Program that Improves Your Mind and Memory (Get the book.)

“In certain circles it is believed that the pineal gland reacts to violet colours, the eyes to greenish-blue, the thymus gland to yellow, the gonads to red, and so on. Let me remind you of the significance of the number seven: there are seven endocrine glands, seven colours in the solar spectrum, and also seven layers of light receptors in the retina of the eye. Harmony in colour, or for that matter the lack of it, relates to a corresponding balance in our physical condition. Illness and disease are disharmony and in this context every aspect of health must be considered.”
- Jan De Vries, Life Without Arthritis: The Maori Way (Get the book.)

“Yes Drug class: Hormone Melatonin is a hormone produced in the human body by the pineal gland and secreted at night. In most people, the melatonin levels are highest during the normal hours of sleep. The levels increase rapidly in the late evening, peaking after midnight and decreasing toward morning. Jet lag: Some research studies have shown that taking melatonin before a flight and continuing for a few days after arrival at the destination helped control jet lagsymptoms of fatigue and sleep disturbances. Appears to work best after plane trips that crossed more than six time zones.”
- H. Winter Griffith, M.D., Complete Guide to Prescription and Nonprescription Drugs 2005 (Get the book.)

“In most people, melatonin reaches its peak (70 pg/ml) at approximately 2 a.m., then flattens for a couple of hours before beginning a dramatic drop to its lowest levels around 4 a.m. Production of melatonin not only varies during the 24-hour cycle, it also fluctuates during our life span. Although newborns usually sleep 16 to 18 hours a day, spread out over six to seven naps, they produce very low amounts of melatonin.”
- Herbert Ross, DC with Keri Brenner, L.Ac., Alternative Medicine Magazine’s Definitive Guide to Sleep Disorders: 7 Smart Ways to Help You Get a Good Night’s Rest (Get the book.)

“The cause of SAD, from a Western perspective, is a deficiency of sunhght reaching the pineal gland, causing elevated levels of the hormone melatonin. How the pineal gland realizes that winter is here remains a mystery, however, since it is buried deep inside the skull and has no access to light. Ayurveda would use a simpler principle to explain SAD: When Kapha increases outside, it also increases inside. Certain people—those vulnerable to Kapha im- balance—will become sick from this added Kapha, leading to depression.”
- Deepak Chopra, Perfect Health: The Complete Mind/Body Guide, Revised and Updated Edition (Get the book.)

“Melatonin This is a hormone produced by the pineal gland. Although melatonin is natural and available over the counter, this does not mean that it is without risk. My concern with any hormone is that although it might be quite safe when used within the body’s normal range, I worry about toxicity when people take more than the body would normally make. For most people, all it takes to restore melatonin to normal levels is 0.5 mg. The usual dose you find in stores, however, is 3 mg, which is six to ten times the dose that most people need.”
- Jacob Teitelbaum, Pain Free 1-2-3: A Proven Program for Eliminating Chronic Pain Now (Get the book.)

“Since the pineal gland seems to adjust the entire physiology of organisms to their environment, the physical size of this gland seems to vary according to where animals live. Thus, the pineal is relatively small in animals living at or near the equator, whereas its size increases proportionately the further north or south of the equator animals live. In certain species, such as the elephant seal, the pineal gland at birth occupies 50% of the brain.”
- Jacob Liberman O.D. Ph.D., Light: Medicine of the Future: How We Can Use It to Heal Ourselves NOW (Get the book.)

“Melatonin Description: Melatonin is a natural hormone produced in the brain’s pineal gland that regulates the body’s biological clock and sleep cycles. Melatonin is produced in response to darkness. This hormone has been shown to be helpful for insomnia, seasonal affective disorder, and other mood disturbances. It has potent antioxidant properties and also protects against radiation damage.”
- James F. Balch, M.D. and Mark Stengler, N.D., Prescription for Natural Cures: A Self-Care Guide for Treating Health Problems with Natural Remedies Including Diet and Nutrition, Nutritional Supplements, Bodywork, and More (Get the book.)
“Melatonin Description: Melatonin is a natural hormone produced in the pineal gland that regulates the body’s biological clock and sleep cycles. Melatonin is produced in response to darkness. This hormone has been shown to be helpful for insomnia, seasonal affective disorder, and other mood disturbances. It has potent antioxidant properties and protects against radiation damage.”
- James F. Balch, M.D. and Mark Stengler, N.D., Prescription for Natural Cures: A Self-Care Guide for Treating Health Problems with Natural Remedies Including Diet and Nutrition, Nutritional Supplements, Bodywork, and More (Get the book.)

“If we lay ourselves open to the negative influences of cosmic energy or we are chained to a word processor or television screen, we lower the efficiency of the immune system, as the pineal gland becomes affected and will in turn affect the immune system through its ally, the thymus gland. One school of thought favours the removal of the thymus gland, especially for the treatment of the condition affecting the muscles known as myasthenia gravis. At birth the thymus gland may be only the size of a pea, while by the age of about forty, it will already have decreased in size.”
- Jan De Vries, Life Without Arthritis: The Maori Way (Get the book.)

“Can perk you up, calm you down, or make you sleep like a baby (take at bedtime with Vitamins B6 and C), relieves insomnia (take with Carbohydrates; or substitute structurally-related pineal gland extract Melatonin). For chronic painintolerance, stress and tension reduction, calms the mind, relieves hallucinations, psychiatric problems; can replace Amitriptyline/imipramine drug for depression (with Tyrosine, take alone on an empty stomach with Vitamins B3 and B6). For Immunity, allergies. For addictions, with Tyrosine, and alcoholism.”
- Joseph E. Mario, Anti-Aging Manual: The Encyclopedia of Natural Health (Get the book.)

“This hormone is secreted by the pineal gland, a pea-size gland in your brain that helps control periods of sleepiness and wakefulness. The pineal gland releases melatonin into the bloodstream. At night, your body produces more melatonin, while the stimulus of light inhibits production. Between 2:00 and 4:00 A.M., production hits a peak. Then, toward dawn, it tapers off. Before taking supplemental melatonin, have your doctor check your natural levels of melatonin. If they are low, take up to one milligram at least two hours before you go to bed, suggests Dr. Meletis.”
- Gale Maleskey, Nature’s Medicines : From Asthma to Weight Gain, from Colds to High Cholesterol — The Most Powerful All-Natural Cures (Get the book.)

“Other animal studies found that fluoride accumulates in the pineal gland and interferes with its production of melatonin, a hormone that helps regulate the onset of puberty, thyroid functions, and numerous other basic physiological processes. In humans, fluoride has been found to cause arthritis, osteoporosis, hip fractures, cancer, infertility, Alzheimer’s disease, and brain damage. Until the 1950s, European doctors used fluoride to treat hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid).”
- Andreas Moritz, The Amazing Liver & Gallbladder Flush: A Powerful Do-It-Yourself Tool To Optimize your Health and Wellbeing (Get the book.)

“Full Spectrum Light: Light stimulates T4 production through its action on the pineal gland and a reduction in melatonin production. þ Stress Reduction: Thyroid malfunction is epidemic in this century, possibly due to pesticides and chemicals ubiquitously found in our environment. Chronic emotional stress can be a causative factor as well. Thus, stress management techniques and the consumption of chemical-free whole foods should be encouraged.”
- Michael Friedman, ND, Fundamentals of Naturopathic Endocrinology (Get the book.)
“MELATONIN SYNTHESIS Melatonin is the primary substance secreted by the pineal gland, which modulates the adrenal (HPA) axis during clinical illness, the serotonergic system in psychiatric disease, and the body’s general response to stress. Melatonin is the major neuroendocrine modulator of annual and circadian biorhythms in the body, and has a far-reaching biological influence over most of the autonomic, hormonal, and behavioral functions of the human organism.”
- Michael Friedman, ND, Fundamentals of Naturopathic Endocrinology (Get the book.)
“CONVENTIONAL MEDICAL TREATMENT The pineal gland and melatonin levels are generally not treated by conventional means, unless a rare pineal tumor is detected. NATUROPATHIC MEDICAL TREATMENT AND PREVENTION MELATONIN DEFICIENCY Lifestyle Melatonin production is increased by darkness; therefore, artificial light (or any type of electromagnetic radiation), after sundown should be minimized. Daytime exercise and light exposure will promote a regular circadian rhythm of melatonin.”
- Michael Friedman, ND, Fundamentals of Naturopathic Endocrinology (Get the book.)

“Reducing tryptophan will decrease the amount of NAD in the cells, decreases the amount of serotonin, and makes it more difficult for the pineal gland to make enough melatonin. The adverse reactions to these substances may be allergic or toxic. For every individual more than one substance will create these reactions with a synergistic effect. Dr Egger found that of 76 children 79 percent reacted to artificial colors and preservatives. But for these children, 48 different foods were found to cause symptoms.”
- Dr. Abram Hoffer, M.D., FRCP(C), Healing Children’s Attention & Behavior Disorders
(Get the book.)

“Discussion The pineal gland regulates the circadian rhythm, otherwise known as our 24-hour biological clock, with the secretion of melatonin. At night, the pineal gland becomes activated and begins secreting melatonin, peaking between 2 a.m. and 4 a.m. Light, sensed through receptors in the eyes, inhibits the production of melatonin. Therefore, any light sensed by the eyes will shut off the production of melatonin.1 Melatonin levels, along with DHEA (Chapter 5) and human growth hormone (Chapter 11), progressively decline as we age.”
- David Brownstein, The Miracle of Natural Hormones (Get the book.)

“It’s best to expose yourself to moderate amounts of sunlight regularly; if you wear glasses, remove them occasionally and, without looking directly at the sun, let the beneficial light pass through the optic nerve to the pineal gland, which regulates several endocrine functions, such as biological rhythm synchronization and the sleep/wake cycle. We now know that melatonin, an immunostimulatory neurohormone and powerful antioxidant, is secreted by the pineal gland.5,6 Spend time going for walks in the woods or away from traffic, breathing in the fresh, clean air.”
- Donald R. Yance, j r.,C.N., M.H., A.H.G., with Arlene Valentine, Herbal Medicine, Healing and Cancer: A Comprehensive Program for Prevention and Treatment (Get the book.)
“Melatonin Melatonin, a hormone produced by the pineal gland, has gained popularity as a natural sleep aid without side effects. Melatonin levels are low during the day because light inhibits its production, but at night the pineal glandproduces melatonin and levels may go up as much as five to fifteen times. As a sleeping aid, it works well for some, but does nothing for others. The key element is to avoid exposure to light during the night because light exposure during sleeping time gready diminishes melatonin levels.”
- Donald R. Yance, j r.,C.N., M.H., A.H.G., with Arlene Valentine, Herbal Medicine, Healing and Cancer: A Comprehensive Program for Prevention and Treatment (Get the book.)

“In addition to their anthocyanidins, Montmorency tart cherries have been found to contain significant quantities of melatonin, a hormone produced in the pineal gland at the base of the brain that influences the sleep process and is also a very powerful antioxidant. While some other foods, such as bananas, also contain melatonin, the amount is too low to be effective, but, according to studies conducted at the University of Texas, Montmorency cherries contain 0.1 to 0.3 milligram of melatonin per serving. At this dosage melatonin has been shown to be an effective sleep inducer.”
- Michael Murray, N.D. and Joseph Pizzorno, N.D., The Encyclopedia of Healing Foods (Get the book.)

“The human spirit was supposed by Descartes to interact with the human brain in the pineal gland, in a manner that remained unexplained by him or anyone else. The pineal gland has now been replaced by the cerebral cortex as the supposed seat of consciousness, but the problem of “the ghost in the machine” is still with us today.18 Everything in nature worked entirely mechanically; in other words, everything was inanimate—except for human minds. Thus Descartes eliminated from the world all such disturbances as life, will, and intentions.”
- Rupert Sheldrake, The Presence of the Past: Morphic Resonance and the Habits of Nature (Get the book.)

“Produced in the pineal gland, a peasized structure embedded deep within our brains, it controls the body’s circadian rhythm, the internal mechanism that tells us when it’s time to sleep and when it’s time to wake up. Melatonin peaks during childhood, drops during adolescence when other hormones kick in, and continues to decrease as we age. By age sixty, our pineal gland is producing half the amount of melatonin it did when we were twenty. One of the most devastating effects of the loss of melatonin is disturbance of sleep patterns.”
- Earl Mindell, R.Ph., Ph.D., Earl Mindell’s Secret Remedies (Get the book.)

“This hormone is secreted by the pineal gland, a pea-size gland in your brain that helps control periods of sleepiness and wakefulness. The pineal gland releases melatonin into the bloodstream. At night, your body produces more melatonin, while the stimulus of light inhibits production. Between 2:00 and 4:00 A.M., production hits a peak. Then, toward dawn, it tapers off. Before taking supplemental melatonin, have your doctor check your natural levels of melatonin. If they are low, take up to one milligram at least two hours before you go to bed, suggests Dr. Meletis.”
- Gale Maleskey, Nature’s Medicines : From Asthma to Weight Gain, from Colds to High Cholesterol — The Most Powerful All-Natural Cures (Get the book.)

“It is made in a small area of the brain called the pineal gland. As people get older the pineal gland shrinks, and less melatonin is made, meaning that older people become relatively melatonin deficient. Only a few studies have looked at the use of melatonin to help memory, but they suggest that this compound may help those who are having both sleeping and memory problems. Melatonin improves sleep and thereby reduces memory problems related to sleep loss. Whether or not it also has direct effects on memory functions is not clear.”
- Guy McKhann, and Marilyn Albert, Keep Your Brain Young: The Complete Guide to Physical and Emotional Health and Longevity (Get the book.)

“Melatonin is produced by the pineal gland, a little cone-shaped structure in the brain that releases the hormone into the bloodstream. Darkness stimulates the pineal gland and causes it to produce more melatonin, which is why some call it the “hormone of darkness.” Light puts the brakes on production. During a normal night, production of melatonin peaks during the darkest hours—between 2:00 and 4:00 A.M. After that, production starts to decline, and it’s essentially switched off when you wake up. The longer the night, the more melatonin will be secreted.”
- Gale Maleskey, Nature’s Medicines : From Asthma to Weight Gain, from Colds to High Cholesterol — The Most Powerful All-Natural Cures (Get the book.)

“Melatonin Melatonin is not an amino acid, but it is a hormone that is manufactured in the pineal gland from the amino acid tryptophan. The pineal gland is a pea-sized organ that sits at the base of the brain. Melatonin is also available as a dietary supplement. It is the substance that appears to regulate the “body clock/’ the physiological changes that relate to day-night changes. Melatonin levels normally go up when it turns dark, and they are low during daylight hours. This hormone is also an antioxidant/free-radical scavenger that appears to slow the aging process.”
- Michael Janson, M.D., The Vitamin Revolution in Health Care (Get the book.)

“The optic nerves relay information about external light levels to the SCN, which in turn sends the light signals to several regions of the brain, including the pea-sized pineal gland. The pineal gland is instrumental in sleep, because it secretes melatonin, the sleep-inducing hormone. breaths of air. There are three types of sleep apnea, according to Dr. Zimmerman: central sleep apnea, obstructive sleep apnea, and a combination of the first two types called mixed-type sleep apnea. Central sleep apnea refers to a defect in the central nervous system that affects the diaphragm.”
- Larry Trivieri, Jr., Alternative Medicine the Definitive Guide, Second Edition (Get the book.)
“EMFs interact with living systems, affecting enzymes related to growth regulation, pineal gland metabolism, regulation of the hormones melatonin and serotonin, and cell division and multiplication. MS patients typically show calcification of the pineal gland as well as decreased brain levels of melatonin and serotonin, according to Dr. Laibow. Melatonin is important in MS because it is a potent antioxidant that protects the brain and central nervous system from free-radical damage. “
- Larry Trivieri, Jr., Alternative Medicine the Definitive Guide, Second Edition (Get the book.)
“MELATONIN LEVELS THROUGHOUT LIFE The pineal gland is roused into action in childhood. Newborn babies don’t produce melatonin, since the pineal gland has not matured at the time of birth. At six months, melatonin levels start to rise and three-year-olds have the highest levels. Between the ages of 11 and 35, melatonin production decreases gradually. From 35 to 50, melatonin levels actually increase, after which time levels plummet sharply. The elderly produce half as much melatonin as children.”
- Larry Trivieri, Jr., Alternative Medicine the Definitive Guide, Second Edition (Get the book.)

“The complicated music of these processes is organized by that orchestra conductor, the pineal gland, using melatonin as a kind of baton. HOW DOES MELATONIN PREVENT AGING? As we’ve seen, nature isn’t much interested in us after we’ve gotten too old to reproduce. One system after another starts to go, leaving us with lower levels of sexual functioning and a weakened immune system. This breakdown, too, is governed by the pineal gland, via its output of melatonin.”
- Ronald Klatz and Robert Goldman, Stopping the Clock: Longevity for the New Millenium (Get the book.)
“What they didn’t realize was that the two systems are interconnected—and that both operate under the direction of the pineal gland. The pineal gland is a small organ behind the eyes that in reptiles is literally a “third eye”—a light-sensitive organ covered with a shield of clear cartilage. In humans, the pineal is hidden within the brain, although Hindu philosophy refers to a “third eye” that sees more deeply and truly than the other two. Indeed, the pineal does “see” in a way, for one of its jobs is to respond to changes in light and dark.”
- Ronald Klatz and Robert Goldman, Stopping the Clock: Longevity for the New Millenium (Get the book.)
“Likewise, the pineal gland “tells” our endocrine and immune 80 70 iliter) o 1 50 >er co 40 E CO & 30 o o 3 20 c I 10 (0 S 2 0 2:00 P.M. 8:00 P.M. 3:00 A.M. 7:00 A.M. Time of day The 24-hour cycle of melatonin production. systems when and how to release key substances: growth hormones, sexual hormones, and antibodies. How does the pineal gland “tell” other systems what to do? Pierpaoli believes that the messenger is melatonin. Changes in our levels of melatonin tell the body to enter puberty and begin 140 Age (years) Melatonin levels through life. sexual development.”
- Ronald Klatz and Robert Goldman, Stopping the Clock: Longevity for the New Millenium (Get the book.)
“Animals who mate in the spring are responding to hormonal changes set off by the pineal gland, as are animals who migrate in the fall or hibernate in the winter. Women who menstruate every 28 days or so are also following a kind of seasonal rhythm, keeping time to the pineal clock. Indeed, researchers have noticed that women’s pineal glands are larger than men’s, perhaps because women need more internal time cues than men do, to help regulate their menstrual patterns. Immunologist Dr.”
- Ronald Klatz and Robert Goldman, Stopping the Clock: Longevity for the New Millenium (Get the book.)

“Reset Your Body Clock With Melatonin In Eastern traditions, the pineal gland, a tiny structure embedded in the center of the brain, is known as “the third eye”—an accurate description of a gland that responds to changes in light. When darkness falls, thepineal gland boosts its secretion of the hormone melatonin. Levels of melatonin peak between the hours of 1 am and 5 am, then gradually fall as the sun rises. As with other hormones, melatonin production declines dramatically with age. At the age of forty, the body produces approximately one-sixth the melatonin it did during the teen years.”
- Dr. Julian Whitaker, The Memory Solution (Get the book.)

“The mind and body interacted, he maintained, in the pineal gland deep within the brain. Thus for Descartes, the pineal gland functioned much like the radio in Grosso’s image above. As we explore Era III, let’s bear in mind how profoundly ignorant we are about the nature of consciousness. As philosopher John Searle has said, “At our present state of the investigation of consciousness, we don’t know how it works and we need to try all kinds of different ideas.” And philosopher Jerry Fodor observes, “Nobody has the slightest idea how anything material could be conscious.”
- Larry Dossey, Reinventing Medicine: Beyond Mind-Body to a New Era of Healing (Get the book.)

“Their moods are also often affected by the amount of light in the environment. The pineal gland in the brain, which evolved from the so-called third eye in birds, responds to light-dark cycles so that there is more serotonin made during daylight hours. Light directly stimulates nerve tracts from the eye to the pineal gland. When daylight hours become shorter during certain times of the year, serotonin levels drop, causing SAD, or seasonal affective disorder. Obesity and poor eating habits often combine to worsen seasonal depression in patients with carbohydrate craving.”
- David Heber, M.D., Ph.D., What Color is Your Diet? (Get the book.)

“Melatonin The hormone melatonin is secreted in tiny amounts from the pineal gland at the base of the brain. As each day draws to an end and darkness falls, melatonin gives us the hormonal signal that it’s time to rest for the night. Because we live in a culture that stays up long into the night, with lights blazing, our pineal glands can get a little confused. Night shift work, newborn babies, and crazy schedules also disrupt our natural circa-dian rhythms, and quality of sleep suffers. Melatonin production in the brain is important to a good night’s sleep.”
- Earl L. Mindell, RPh, PhD with Virginia Hopkins, MA, Bottom Line’s Prescription Alternatives (Get the book.)

“The synthetic sunlight made the difference, Lewy theorized, because of its effect on melatonin, a pineal gland hormone which has a tranquilizing effect. The pineal gland is often called the seat of our “biological clock,” “a gland that measures time,” and “a gland for all seasons”; Descartes regarded it as the seat of the human soul.”
- Richard Leviton, Physician: Medicine and the Unsuspected Battle for Human Freedom (Get the book.)

“The pineal gland controls reproduction, sleep and motor activity, blood pressure, the immune system, the pituitary and thyroid glands, cellular growth, body temperature, and many other vital functions. All of these depend on a balanced melatonin cycle. By going to sleep late or working night shifts, you throw this cycle out of balance, and throw off many other hormonal cycles as well. Apart from making melatonin, the brain also synthesizes serotonin, which is a very important neurotransmitter/hormone related to our state of physical and emotional well-being.”
- Andreas Moritz, The Amazing Liver & Gallbladder Flush: A Powerful Do-It-Yourself Tool To Optimize your Health and Wellbeing (Get the book.)

“Melatonin Melatonin is not an amino acid, but it is a hormone that is manufactured in the pineal gland from the amino acid tryptophan. The pineal gland is a pea-sized organ that sits at the base of the brain. Melatonin is also available as a dietary supplement. It is the substance that appears to regulate the “body clock/’ the physiological changes that relate to day-night changes. Melatonin levels normally go up when it turns dark, and they are low during daylight hours. This hormone is also an antioxidant/free-radical scavenger that appears to slow the aging process.”
- Michael Janson, M.D., The Vitamin Revolution in Health Care (Get the book.)

“The hypothalamus at the base of the brain is another vital regulator of the body and it works closely with the pituitary gland, the ‘master gland’ of the endocrine system, and the pineal gland, the so-called ‘Third Eye’, through which we manifest ‘psychic sight’. The endocrine glands connect the body to the chakra system and this network links our ‘physical’ reality with the wider universe of unseen energy. What are called psycho-active drugs – like ayahuasca – open us consciously to those areas of the brain and DNA that interact with these other realms.”
- David Icke, Icke David, Infinite Love Is the Only Truth: Everything Else Is Illusion (Get the book.)

“I am intrigued about the growing evidence suggesting that the pineal gland releases a neurotransmitter-like substance, dimethyltryptamine, that, if injected, often produces profound experiences that exactly parallel the now thousands of well-reported near-death experiences.20 However, discussing whether or not there is life after death is not the purpose of this book. Here, I am more concerned with whether or not there is life before death!”
- Patrick Holford, The New Optimum Nutrition Bible (Get the book.)

“Inside the brain, in an area called the pineal gland, the hormone melatonin is being produced to regulate your sleep-wake cycle as well as the rise and fall of certain hormones. Your blood levels of melatonin rise when it’s dark, peak early in the morning, and recede during the day. Or to put it another way, more melatonin equals more sleepiness. That’s why many people use this hormone to help them fall asleep, overcome jet lag, and adjust to shift changes (such as going from the morning shift to the graveyard shift).”
- Frederic Vagnini, M.D. and Barry Fox, Ph.D., The Side Effects Bible: The Dietary Solution to Unwanted Side Effects of Common Medications (Get the book.)

“Some scientists have gone so far as to suggest that the more the calcification, the lesser the capacity for physiologic function left within the supposedly atrophied and aging pineal gland. Medical research in the field of chronobiology has recognized the pineal as one of the body’s internal clocks. It also has hormonal control over the process of sexual maturation, and is influenced by the light cycles of day and night. The pineal gland controls our biological ascension from child to adult by inhibiting sexual maturation until the appropriate time.”
- Richard Gerber, M.D., Vibrational Medicine: The #1 Handbook of Subtle-Energy Therapies (Get the book.)
“The crown chakra is also closely linked with the pineal gland. For the crown chakra to be fully awakened there must first occur a balancing of body, mind, and spirit. In the individual who has an opened crown chakra, the seventh center is represented by an energy polarity between the pineal gland and the right and left cerebral hemispheres. Abnormalities in energy flow at the level of the crown chakra may manifest as various types of cerebral dysfunction, including psychosis. Sixth Chakra The sixth chakra is the brow chakra, sometimes referred to as the “third eye.”
- Richard Gerber, M.D., Vibrational Medicine: The #1 Handbook of Subtle-Energy Therapies (Get the book.)

“The role of the pineal gland in circadian rhythms regulation. Brastisl Lek Listy 1994; 95:295-303. 10. Sack RL, Lewy AJ, Blood ML, Meith LD, Nakagawa H. Circadian rhythm abnormalities in totally blind people: Incidence and clinical significance. J Clin Endocrinol Metabl992; 75(l):127-34. 11. Czeisler CA, Shanahan TL, Klerman EB, Martens H, Brotman DJ, EmensJS, etal. Suppression of melatonin secretion in some blind patients by exposure to bright light. N Engl J Med 1995;332(1):6-11. 12. Reiter RJ. Neuroendocrine effects of light. IntJ Biometeorol 1991;35(3):169-75. 13.”
- Michael Friedman, ND, Fundamentals of Naturopathic Endocrinology (Get the book.)

“From an evolutionary standpoint, it is interesting to note that in lower animals such as reptiles the pineal gland is still associated with a rudimentary third eye, complete with lens and retina-like photoreceptor. When the seventh chakra is activated, the sixth or brow chakra is represented by an energy polarity between the pituitary and pineal glands. When the seventh center remains unopened, the brow chakra is represented by the pituitary and the medulla oblongata (part of the brainstem).2 The third-eye chakra is the seat of intuition and the subtle organ involved in clairvoyance.”
- Richard Gerber, M.D., Vibrational Medicine: The #1 Handbook of Subtle-Energy Therapies (Get the book.)

“It seems likely, in the light of modern research, that the pineal gland is far from the vestigial organ it was once thought to be but is actually a master gland which regulates the body’s circadian rhythms. As befits the ‘Third Eye’, it is truly light-sensitive and once again the quality of light received is the crucial factor in maintaining the delicate impulses that regulate the fundamental balance of functions and maintain health. LIGHT TO THE TISSUES Light is of unquestionable value via the optical nerve route, as the growing body of scientific evidence and clinical experience shows.”
- Keith Scott-Mumby, Virtual Medicine: A New Dimension in Energy Healing (Get the book.)

“Melatonin Melatonin is a hormone produced by the pineal gland. In healthy humans, melatonin is secreted from the pineal gland in a diurnal rhythm, with the highest serum levels occurring during the evening. Melatonin influences a number of biological functions, the most studied of which is its ability to induce sleep. It is becoming increasingly popular as a nontoxic, nonaddictive remedy for jet lag and insomnia.”
- John Boik, Cancer & Natural Medicine: A Textbook of Basic Science and Clinical Research (Get the book.)

“It is surptising that a hotmone connected to sleep has a lot to do with skin health, but maybe not to those researchers who consider the pineal gland another endocrine gland. Melatonin is secreted by the pineal gland. Prevention of Skin Aging and Cancer It seems reasonable to avoid midday sun when possible and avoid tanning salons. Use protective clothing, hats, and umbrellas during prolonged sun exposure. Apply and reapply sunscreen or use preparations that contain micronized zinc oxide or titanium oxide for more complete protection.”
- The Life Extension Editorial Staff, Disease Prevention and Treatment (Get the book.)

“FOR THE REST OF IT Melatonin is a hormone produced by a pea-sized structure called the pineal gland, located in the center of the brain. Interestingly, it was once thought that the pineal gland had no function. Today, we know that the melatonin released by this gland helps to set the rhythms of waking and sleeping. Taken as a supplement, melatonin has been used as a potent antioxidant as well. For some people, it reduces jet lag.”
- Mark Stengler, N.D., The Natural Physician’s Healing Therapies (Get the book.)

“Melatonin is synthesized endogenously by the pinealocytes of the pineal gland. The essential amino acid L-tryptophan is a precursor in the synthesis of melatonin. In this synthesis, L-tryptophan first gets metabolized to 5-hydroxytryptophan from which 5-hydroxytryptamine, also known as serotonin, is made. 5-hydroxytryptamine is converted to melatonin in a two-step process, occurring mainly in the pineal gland. Melatonin is also known as N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine and N-[2-(5-Methoxy-lH-indol-3-yl) ethyl] acetamide.”
- Sheldon Saul Hendler and David Rorvik, PDR for Nutritional Supplements (Get the book.)

“But that is not all, for the inventor states “You have heard of the pineal gland? …That gland is the great sense organ of organs -1 have found out. It is like sight in the end, and transmits visual pictures to the brain.”98 Through the rays that this device emits, people are able to see beings that live in another dimension or plane of existence. But years before Lovecraft painted his haunting picture, in 1882 a woman said to Keely: “You have opened the door into the spirit-world.” He answered, “Do you think so? I have sometimes thought I might be able to discover the origin of life.”
- Theo Paijmans, Free Energy Pioneer: John Worrell Keely (Get the book.)

“Melatonin The hormone melatonin is secreted in tiny amounts from the pineal gland at the base of the brain. As each day draws to an end and darkness falls, melatonin gives us the hormonal signal that it’s time to rest for the night. Because we live in a culture that stays up long into the night, with lights blazing, our pineal glands can get a little confused. Night shift work, newborn babies and crazy schedules also disrupt our natural circadian rhythms and quality of sleep suffers. Melatonin production in the brain is important to a good night’s sleep.”
- Earl L. Mindell, R.Ph., Ph.D., Prescription Alternatives, Third Edition: Hundreds of Safe, Natural Prescription-Free Remedies to Restore and Maintain Your Health (Get the book.)

“Research has shown that our pineal gland, which produces serotonin and melatonin and may be at the core of our entire endocrine system, is affected not only by light, but also by magnetic fields. The seasonal light and dark cycles of each day appear to regulate our psycho-emotional being through our pineal gland. Many birds, insects, and reptiles daily use Earth’s natural magnetic influence of 10 hertz (this is the primary frequency of the brain in most animals) for their movement and instructural sense of direction. Subde changes in magnetism will alter their behavior.”
- Elson M. Haas, M.D., Staying Healthy with Nutrition: The Complete Guide to Diet and Nutritional Medicine (Get the book.)

“Disorder of the pineal gland associated with depression, peptic ulcers, and sexual dysfunction. Southern Med J 1984; 77: 1516-1518 37. Wetterberg L. The relationship between the pineal gland and the pituitary-adrenal axis in health, endocrine and psychiatric conditions. Psychoneuroendocrinology 1983; 8: 75-80 38. Beck-Friis J, Kjellman BF, Aperia et al. Serum melatonin in relation to clinical variables in patients with major depressive mood and a hypothesis of low melatonin syndrome. Acta Psychiatr Scand 1985; 71: 319-30 39. Rubin RT, Heist EK, McGeoy SS et al.”
- Michael T. Murray, ND, Textbook of Natural Medicine 2nd Edition Volume 1
(Get the book.)
“The identification of melatonin in 1958 provided the first solid scientific evidence of an essential role for the pineal gland. It is now thought that the sole function of the pineal gland is to manufacture and secrete melatonin. The exact function of melatonin is still poorly understood, but it is critically involved in the synchronization of hormone secretion. The natural biorhythm of hormone secretion is referred to as the “circadian” rhythm. The human body is governed by an internal clock that signals the secretion of various hormones at different times to regulate body functions.”
- Michael T. Murray, ND, Textbook of Natural Medicine 2nd Edition Volume 1
(Get the book.)

“There is considerable evidence that pineal gland function is linked to osteoporosis. • Melatonin delays the aging process and certain aging conditions. • Melatonin secretion decreases sharply during menopause. • Melatonin opposes the osteoporotic effects of Cortisol. • Melatonin inhibits synthesis of prostaglandin E2, which is implicated in bone loss. • Melatonin secretion increases with exercise and decreases with immobility. • Osteoporosis is delayed with chronicsunlight exposure. Osteoporosis is accelerated during winter months.”
- Vincent Giampapa, Ronald Pero, and Marcia Zimmerman, The Anti-Aging Solution: 5 Simple Steps to Looking and Feeling Young (Get the book.)
“There is evidence of a bidirectional interaction between immune cells and the pineal gland in that certain immune modulators act on the pineal. Both melatonin and immune-protective IgA (immunoglobulin A) are elevated at night following daytime bright light exposure, suggesting nighttime is an important recovery period for the immune system.”
- Vincent Giampapa, Ronald Pero, and Marcia Zimmerman, The Anti-Aging Solution: 5 Simple Steps to Looking and Feeling Young (Get the book.)

“In the individual who has an opened crown chakra, the seventh center is represented by an energy polarity between the pineal gland and the right and left cerebral hemispheres. Abnormalities in energy flow at the level of the crown chakra may manifest as various types of cerebral dysfunction, including psychosis. Sixth Chakra The sixth chakra is the brow chakra, sometimes referred to as the “third eye.” The past mystical associations of this center with the pineal gland are well known.”
- Richard Gerber, M.D., Vibrational Medicine: The #1 Handbook of Subtle-Energy Therapies (Get the book.)

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